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Government Printing Office 

Washington, D. C. 

Price, 40 cts. 



Form of gift or bequest to the Library.of Congress 4 

List of officers 5 

Report of the Librarian 7 

Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables). 145-147 

Ib. Appropriation acts, 1917-18 149-164 

II. Report of the Register of Copyrights 155-185 

III. Manuscripts and Broadsides: List of Acces- 
sions, 1916-17 187-200 

Report of the Superintendent of the Library Building and 
Grounds 201-215 


The Library of Congress. Exterior view Frontispiece 

Plan of the cellar Facing page 6 

Plan of the basement Facing page 6 

Plan of the first or main floor Facing page 6 

Plan of the second floor Facing page 6 

Plan of the attic Facing page 6 





1802-1807 John Beckley, Clerk of the House of Representatives and 

1807-1815 Patrick Magruder. Clerk of the House of Representatives 

and Librarian 

1815-1829 George Watterston 
1829-1861 John Silva Meehan 
1861-1864 John G. Stephenson 
1864-1897 (June 30) Ainsworth Rand Spofford 
1897 (July i}- January 17, 1800 John Russell Young 
1899 (April 5) Herbert Putnam 



HERBERT PUTNAM Librarian of Congress 


Allen Richards Boyd Chief Clerk 

Jessica Louise Farnum Secretary 


Reading Room Frederick William Ashley, Superintendent; Hugh 

Alexander Morrison, John Graham Morrison, chief assistants 
Division of Bibliography Herman Henry Bernard Meyer, Chief 
Card Division Charles Harris Hastings, Chief 
Catalogue Division Charles Martel, Chief 
Classification Division Clarence W. Perley, Chief 
Division of Documents Henry John Harris, Chief 

Legislative Reference Charles Wallace Collins, jr., administrative as- 

Division of Manuscripts Gaillard Hunt. Chief 
Division of Maps and Charts Philip Lee Phillips, Chief 
Division of Music Oscar George Theodore Sonneck, Chief 
Order Division Theodore Wesley Koch, Chief 
Division of Periodicals William Adams Slade , Chief 
Division of Prints Richard Austin Rice, Acting Chief 
Semitic Division Israel Schapiro, in charge 


6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Smithsonian Deposit Paul Brockett, Custodian (office at Smithsonian 

Institution); Francis Henry Parsons, assistant in charge 
Law Library James David Thompson, Law Librarian 


THORVALD SOLBERG Register of Copyrights 
ARTHUR CRISFIELD Assistant Register of Copyrights 


Printing Frank M. Hatley, foreman 
Binding R. C. Lohmeyer, foreman 



Wade H. Rabbitt Chief Clerk 

Charles Benjamin Titlow Chief Engineer 

Damon Warren Harding Electrician 

John Vanderbilt Wurdemann Captain of the watch 






Washington, D. C., December 3, 7917 

SIR: I have the honor to submit herewith my report as 
Librarian of Congress for the year ending June 30, 1917. 
The report of the Superintendent of the Library Building 
and Grounds (and Disbursing Officer) follows, beginning at 
page 201. That of the Register of Copyrights is, as usual, 
attached as Appendix II. 

The economic situation requires that mere administrative 
reports of the government establishments shall this year be 
kept at a minimum. I refrain, therefore, from incorporating 
in mine any new matter, and have endeavored in general to 
limit the statement to the bare record of our operations, 
with only such explanations and comments as are needed to 
indicate their significance. Under several items, however, 
the explanations and comments are for special reasons dis- 
proportionate. The items are Manuscripts, Music, Orien- 
talia, and Legislative Reference. The manuscript acces- 
sions being largely the result of gift, a somewhat elaborate 
analysis of them is due, if only as an acknowledgment to the 
donors; the material coming to the Music Division and to 
the collection of Orientalia especially in the field of Chinese 
literature [p. 83] can be appreciated only as the particulars 
are set forth; and the work of the Legislative Reference 
Division seems still entitled to a more detailed analysis than 
should be necessary after it shall have become firmly estab- 
lished, with a really adequate provision for its maintenance. 

16341 17 2 - 

8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 


In the case of the Music Division there is a special reason 
also in the fact that the report of "its Chief concludes his 
service with us for on September 5 (1917) he left us to 
accept a position with the music publishing house of G. 
Schirmer in New York City. What his departure means in 
the loss to the Library and to the cause of music can be 
appreciated only by those familiar with his extraordinary 
constructive work in this division during the past 15 years. 
When he took charge, in 1902, the collection consisted of 
about 250,000 compositions, almost entirely the result of 
copyright, and a few thousand books in the literature of the 
subject, the result either of copyright or of unsystematic 
purchase. He accepted the task of developing this into a 
comprehensive and scientific collection, the major collection 
of this country, and so far as conditions should permit, the 
equal in substance, if not in form, of the great collections 
abroad. He brought a combination of qualifications quite 
unique: a thorough education, acquired in Germany and in 
Italy, specializing in music through advanced courses in the 
universities; scientific ideals, shaped by contact with sound 
and serious scholarship; and definite convictions. Among 
these latter most fortunately was a conviction that there 
was such a thing as American music. And his introduction 
to me was a bibliography of it, during the i8th century 
which he had compiled after laborious research, and which 
later appeared in print a novel contribution in a hitherto 
unexploited field. A native of the United States (for 
he was born in Jersey City, though of German parentage, 
and after his thirteenth year educated abroad) he sympa- 
thized with the purpose of building up here a collection that 
should advance the cause of music in America. He laid out 
a systematic plan for this, having in view emphasis upon 
particular sections during five-year periods. How well that 
plan has been pursued appears from his yearly reports, in- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 9 

corporated with mine. As a result of it the collection in- 
cludes now 740,000 musical compositions, 35,000 items in the 
literature of music, and 20,000 in the domain of musical 
instruction an organic and well-balanced collection one of 
the largest in the world, rich in full scores, preeminent in 
scores of operatic compositions and the librettos essential to 
their study, and with a major percentage even of the early 
books on music which formed its literature before 1800. In 
manuscripts it is of course not comparable with the ancient 
collections abroad, but even as to these the needs of the 
student are recognized by facsimiles and transcripts for the 
project included systematic reproductions of such scores as 
exist only in manuscript or in unique copies not on the 

And to method and assiduity in collecting he added 
notable industry and willingness for personal detail. Com- 
bined with precision of knowledge and public spirit these 
enabled him to compile with his own hand catalogues, 
bibliographies, and other monographs, which have not 
merely made the collection useful to the profession in the 
United States but have given it repute abroad, where, 
indeed, as our delegate to various musical congresses he 
has added to the prestige of the Library and the Government. 
He has added to it in another way, as editor of the Musical 
Quarterly issued by the Messrs. Schirmer. 

The position with this firm continues and will in some 
respects enlarge the professional opportunities which that 
relation engendered. 

There have been no other changes in the permanent 
higher positions. Dr. Palmieri's temporary engagement 
with us in connection with the Slavic section came to an 
end on March 31. Since that date Dr. Speek, of our Legis- 
lative Reference Division, has been assigned to it with a 
view to especial development of it upon the economic side. 
In the Oriental section we have continued to benefit bv the 

io Report of the Librarian of Congress 

advice and assistance of Dr. Swingle, of the Department of 
Agriculture, and of specialists including Dr. Laufer, of the 
Field Columbian Museum, and Prof. Kiang, of the Uni- 
versity of California whose interest, enthusiasm, and direct 
aid he has secured without cost to us. 

The call for military service, and the demands of newly 
established bureaus and commissions have caused numer- 
ous withdrawals from our subordinate positions no less 
than 35 have joined the Colors since the ist of January. 
They are mostly of young men not easy to replace under 
present conditions. During two periods (Sept. 16, 1915 
Jan. 31, 1916, and again since July 18, 1917) Dr. Hunt, 
Chief of our Manuscript Division, has been lent to the State 
Department for special war time service in connection with 
his familiar former service in the Bureau of Citizenship. 


The following table exhibits the appropriations and ex- 
penditures of the Library proper and of the Copyright Office 
for the fiscal year, and the appropriations for the preceding 
fiscal year and the year now current. Included also are 
the appropriations for the equipment and care of the build- 
ing and grounds, expended by the Superintendent. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 


Object of appropriations 

tions 1916 

tions 1917 

tures 1917 

tions 1918 

Library and Copy-right Office: 

$270,660. oo 

$270,075. 89 

$272. 860. oo 

Special service 

2.OOO. CO 

2,000. oo 

2,000. oo 

2. OOO. OO 

9,997. 35 


Distribution of card indexes 
Legislative reference 

" 40. 700. 1 1 
25,000. oo 

a 44, 039. 26 
25.000. oo 
960. oo 

24, 930. 49 
934- '7 

46,900. oo 
25,000. oo 
960. oo 

^103. 708. 09 

104, 740. oo 

9 98. ooo. oo 

' 98. ooo. oo 

9 98.000. oo 

Contingent expenses 

6 7.307- 79 

b 7,304. 74 

* 7.302. 18 


Total Library and Copyright 

560. 536. 33 

567, 760. oo 

Building and grounds: 
Care and maintenance, includ- 

82.601. 59 

86, 005. oo 

Fuel, light, and miscellaneous. . 
Fuel, light, and miscellaneous 

14,000- oo 

A 20,008. 68 

*I 9 ,947.86 

13, 100. oo 
k 14,900. oo 

Furniture and shelving 
Resurfacing west driveway and 


10,000. oo 

* 9-983.37 
2,620. 28 oo 

Refitting boiler room and coal 

Cooling and circulating drink- 

k 5,000- oo 

Total Building and grounds . . 

1 10. 645. oo 


116. 177. 87 

129,005. oo 

682. i". 6S 

696. 765- oo 

Printing and binding (allotment, 
not appropriation) 

209, 196. 59 


Bequest of Gertrude M. Hubbard 

1/827. 65 

Appropriation 1916 includes credits $1,200.11 on account of sales of cards to Govern- 
ment institutions. Appropriation 1917 includes $699.79 credits on account of sales of 
cards to Government institutions and $339.47 yet to be credited. Expenditures 1917 
($43,588.16 including outstanding indebtedness) offset by subscriptions covered into the 
Treasury ($69,588.08) 

ft Appropriation 1916 includes credits $1.30 on account of sales of photo-duplications 
to Government institutions; credit of $5.85 by return of photostat spools and a credit of 
64 cents on account of a refund by a defaulting contractor. Appropriation 1917 includes 
credits of $4.74 on account of sales of photo-duplications" to Government institutions. 

c Allotment 1916 includes credits of $514.35 on account of sales of cards to Government 
institutions. Allotment 1917 includes credits of $299.87 on account of sales of cards to 
Government institutions and $145.53 yet to be credited. Allotment 1917 includes $9,000 
provided in deficiency act approved Sept. 8, 1916. 

<* Includes balance from preceding year in addition to appropriation of $800. 

e Any unexpended balance will be available for the succeeding year. 

/ Offset by fees covered into the Treasury ($i 10,077.40). 

9 Exclusive of $2,000 to be expended by the marshal of the Supreme Court for new 
books of reference for that body. 

* Increased $8.68 by refunds of defaulting contractors. 

* Made available in fiscal year 1917 upon passage of legislative act for the fiscal year 

* Including outstanding indebtedness. 

1 2 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The appropriations for 1916-17 varied from those in the 
preceding year in the following particulars : 

Salaries (general service) General administration: The 
following salary was increased: stenographer and type- 
writer, $780 to $840. 

Mail and delivery division: i additional assistant at $600; 
the following salary was increased: i assistant, $720 to 

Order and accession division: The following salaries were 
increased : 2 assistants, $780 to $840. 

Catalogue, classification and shelf division: The following 
salaries were increased : 4 assistants, $860 to $920; 13 assist- 
ants, $780 to $840. 

Binding division: The following salary was increased: 

1 assistant, $900 to $960. 

Bibliography division: The following salaries were in- 
creased: i assistant, $780 to $840; stenographer and type- 
writer, $900 to $960. 

Reading rooms: 2 additional assistants at $600. The 
following salaries were increased: 3 assistants, $900 to 
$960; 10 assistants, $780 to $840; attendant Senate read- 
ing room, $900 to $960; attendant, Representatives' read- 
ing room, $780 to $840; 2 attendants in cloak room, $720 
to $780; attendant Toner Library, $900 to $960; attendant 
Washington Library, $900 to $960; 2 watchmen, $720 to 
$780; evening service, 5 assistants, $900 to $960; 15 assist- 
ants, $780 to $840. 

. Periodical division: The following salaries were increased: 
5 assistants, $780 to $840; stenographer and typewriter, 
$900 to $960. 

Division of documents: The following salaries were in- 
creased: i assistant, $780 to $840; stenographer and type- 
writer, $900 to $960. 

Division of maps and charts: The following salary was 
increased: i assistant, $780 to $840. 

Music division: The following salaries were increased: 

2 assistants, $780 to $840. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 13 

Smithsonian deposit: The following salary was increased: 
i messenger, $720 to $780. 

Congressional reference library: The following salaries were 
increased: i assistant, $900 to $960; i assistant, $780 to 

Copyright Office: The following salaries were increased: 
1 8 clerks, $900 to $960; 2 clerks, $800 to $860; 10 clerks, 
$720 to $780; porter, $720 to $780. 

Card indexes: Appropriation increased from $39,500 to 
j,ooo. The item made to read: 

For service in connection with distribution of card 
indexes and other publications of the Library : Chief of 
division, 83,000; chief assistant, $1,800; assistants 
one $1,600, three at $1,500 each, three at $1,400 each, 
three at $1,200 each, three at Si.iooeach, fourat$i,ooo 
each; for services of assistants at salaries less than 
$1,000 per annum and for piecework and work by the 
hour, $17,000, including not exceeding $500 for freight 
charges, expressage, traveling expenses connected with 
such distribution, and expenses of attendance at meet- 
ings when incurred on the written authority and direc- 
tion of the Librarian, $43,000. 

Increase of the Library of Congress: The item made to read : 
For purchase of books for the Library, including pay- 
ment in advance for subscriptions books, and society 
. publications, and for freight, commissions, and traveling 
expenses, and all other expenses incidental to the acqui- 
sition of books by purchase, gift, bequest, or exchange, 
to continue available during the fiscal year nineteen 
hundred and eighteen, $90,000, together with the un- 
expended balance of the sum appropriated for this 
object for the fiscal year nineteen hundred and sixteen ; 
For purchase of books and for periodicals for the law 
library, under the direction of the Chief Justice, $3,000; 
For purchase of new books of reference for the Su- 
preme Court, to be a part of the Library of Congress, 
and purchased by the marshal of the Supreme Court, 
under the direction of the Chief Justice, $2,000; 

For purchase of miscellaneous periodicals and news- 
papers, $5,000; 
In all, $100,000. 

14 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The appropriations for 1917-18 include the following 
changes and additional provisions : 

Mail and delivery division: i additional assistant, at 
$1,200. The following salary was increased : i assistant in 
charge, $1,500 to $1,600. 

Reading room: i additional assistant in room for the 
blind, $900. 

Copyright Office: The following salaries were increased: 
5 junior messengers, $360 to $420. 

Card indexes: 3 additional assistants, i at $1,600, i at 
$1,200, and i at $1,100. 

A total increase for the card index service of $3,900 
($43,000 to $46,900). 

. Library Building and Grounds: 2 additional positions: 
2 laborers, at $600 each. The following salaries were in- 
creased: Superintendent, $3,000 to $3,600; i telephone 
switchboard operator, at $720 instead of i assistant tele- 
phone switchboard operator, at $600; 14 laborers, $540 to 

For fuel, lights, repairs, etc.: The item made to include 
the following: "including $1,400, to be immediately avail- 
able, additional for waterproofing parts of east driveway 
and over machinery; $1,075 f r fi fe hose and fittings; 
$8,500, to be immediately available, for repairing tunnel 
and mechanical book carrier connecting the Library Build- 
ing and the Capitol; $2,300 for repairing passenger eleva- 
tors; $500 for painting portions of roof of building; and 
$2,000 for pointing exterior stonework of building." In- 
creased from $20,000 to $28,000. 

The following additional provisions : 

For providing and installing cooling and circulating 
drinking-water system in Library Building, $5,000, to be 
immediately available. 

SEC. 7. That to provide, during the fiscal year nine- 
teen hundred and eighteen, for increased compensation 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 5 

at the rate of ten per centum per annum to employees 
who receive salaries at a rate per annum less than 
Si, 200, and for increased compensation at the rate of 
five per centum per annum to employees who receive 
salaries at a rate not more than $1,800 per annum and 
not less than $1,200 per annum, so much as may be 
necessary is appropriated: Provided, That this section 
shall only apply to the employees who are appropriated 
for in this act specifically and under lump sums or 
whose employment is authorized herein: Provided further, 
That detailed reports shall be submitted to Congress on the 
first day of the next session showing the number of 
persons, the grades or character of positions, the original 
rates of compensation, and the increased rates of compen- 
sation provided for herein. 

Library estimates, 1917-18: The following positions asked 
tor in the estimates for 1917-18 were not granted: 
Semitic Division: Two assistants, at $900 each $r, 800 

Increases of salary recommended, not granted : 

Library proper: 

i assistant from $1,500 to $1,800; granted to Si, 600. $200 

5 assistants from $960 to $i ,200 i, 200 

9 assistants from Si ,000 to Si ,080 720 

30 assistants from $960 to $1,080 3, 600 

i attendant (Senate reading room) from $960 to 

$i ,080 120 

i attendant (Representatives reading room) from 

$960 to Si ,080 120 

i stenographer and typewriter from $960 to Si ,080 . 120 

i stenographer and typewriter from $840 to $900. . 60 
i attendant (Representatives reading room) from 

$840 to 8900 60 

1 messenger from $840 to $900 60 

51 assistants from $840 to $900 3, 060 

2 assistants from $780 to $900 240 

2 watchmen (reading room) from $780 to $900 240 

i telephone assistant (reading room) from S66o to 

$900 240 

i assistant from $580 to $600 20 

7 assistants from $540 to $600 420 

i messenger to Chief Assistant Librarian from 

$540 to S6oo 60 

28 junior messengers from $420 to $480 i, 680 

144 positions 12, 220 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 


Copyright Office: 

10 clerks from $1,000 to $1,080 

18 clerks from $960 to $1,080 2, 160 

2 clerks from $860 to $900 .... 80 

10 clerks from $780 to $900 i, 200 

2 clerks from $480 to $600 240 

5 junior messengers from $360 to $480; granted to 

47 positions 4, 780 

191 positions in total 17, ooo 

Increase of Library of Congress (purchase of bopks) : 
$100,000 recommended; $90,000 granted. 


The report of the Register of Copyrights appears in full 
as Appendix II, and is also separately printed by the Copy- 
right Office. 

The principal statistics of the business done during the 
year are as follows: 

Fees received and applied 

Fiscal year 


Registrations ($i), including certificates 

Registrations (50 cents), photographs, no certificates 

For copies of record 

For notices of user 

For indexing transfers of proprietorship 

For searches 

158. oo 


Total number of deposits received (material of all classes, including dupli- 

Total communications received, including parcels, but excluding deposits 
noted above. . 

Total communications sent out (including letters written) 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 17 

The fees from copyrights are covered into the Treasury 
and not applied directly to the maintenance of the Copy- 
right Office. They form a regular revenue of the Govern- 
ment, however, and a net revenue over the direct expenses 
of the office, as appears from the comparison following : 



Fees covered in during the fiscal year 1916-17, as above . . . Sno, .077. 40 Receipts and ex- 


Salaries, as stated $i3, 78- 9 

Stationery and sundries i, 059. 31 

104, 767. 40 

Net cash earnings 5> 3 10 - 

The amount expended for salaries ($103,708.09) includes 
the sum of $4,680 paid in salaries to certain employees who 
have been classifying and crediting the old deposits received 
prior to 1897. This expenditure is chargeable to arrears. 
The current expenses of the Office are therefore considerabh 
more than met by the current receipts. 

The above statement includes all disbursements except the 
cost of furniture, of printing, and of binding, but only cash 
receipts. In addition to cash fees, the copyright business 
brings each year to the government, in articles deposited, 
property to the value of many thousands of dollars. During 
the past fiscal year 195,627 such articles were received. 
The value of those drawn up into the collections of the 
Library far exceeded the amount of net cash earnings. 

On the 6th day of Julv, 1917, when the report of the Currfnt c t>v 

right business 

Copyright Office was submitted, the remittances received 
up to the third mail of the day had been recorded and 
acknowledged; the account books of the bookkeeping divi- 
sion were written up and posted to June 30, and the accounts 
rendered to the Treasury Department were settled up to 
and including the month of June, while earned fees to June 
30, inclusive, had been paid into the Treasury. All copy- 

1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

right applications received up to and including June 30 had 
been passed upon and refunds made. 

The total unfinished business for the full 20 years from 
July i, 1897, to June 30, 1917, amounts to but $2,186.63, 
against a total completed business for the same period of 


At the close of business on July 6, 1917, the works 
deposited for copyright registration up to and including 
June 30 had nearly all been recorded, as well as a large 
part of the publications received since that date. 

The Catalogue of Copyright Entries, which since the trans- 
fer of its publication from the Treasury Department to the 
Library of Congress has been issued in four separate parts, 
was continued in five annual volumes properly indexed. 

During the past 20 years the business done by the Office 
was as follows : 

Total number of entries 2, 162, 979 

Total number of articles deposited 3, 838, 483 

Total amount of fees received and applied $i, 759, 853. 55 

Total expenditure for service $1,512, 795. 84 

Net receipts above expenses for service $245, 998. 40 

During the 46 years since the copyright work became a 
business of the Library of Congress the total number of 
entries has been 3,043,835. 
Elimination, of Under authority of sections 59 and 60 of the Copyright 

copyright deposits 

act of 1909, 18,177 volumes have been transferred to the 
Library from the deposits in the Copyright Office during the 
fiscal year; 5,081 books have been deposited in govern- 
mental libraries in the District of Columbia, and 57,215 
articles have been returned to copyright claimants, includ- 
ing 15,464 books, 398 photographs, 16,963 prints, 11,326 
periodicals, 3,415 musical compositions, and 9,649 motion 
picture films. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 19 


(From the report of the Order Division) 
Adopting the count of printed books and pamphlets made Contents of the 

Library June 30, 

in June, 1902, as accurate, the total contents of the Library, 1916, and June 30, 
inclusive of the Law Library, at the close of the past t\vo /0 
fiscal years, were as follows: 


Contents of the Library 





2, 45 1 , 974 

2, 537. 9 22 

8 5 , 948 

Manuscripts (a numerical state- 
ment not feasible) 

Maps and charts (pieces) 

154, 200 
770, 248 
39 2 90S 

158, 480 
795> 749 
397. 945 


2 5. 5i 


Music (volumes and pieces). . 

Prints (pieces) 


N'et accessions 



Printed books and pamphlets 

88, 101 

85, 948 

Manuscripts (a numerical state me 
Maps and charts (volumes and pi 
Music (volumes and pieces). . 

nt not feasible) 



25, 501 

5, 040 

Prints (pieces) 

* For Manuscripts, Maps, Music, and Prints, see under those headings infra. 

2O Report of the Librarian of Congress 

ACCESSIONS: f he accessions of books and pamphlets during the past 

Books and pam- 
phlets, by sources two years, in detail, classified by source, were as follows : 

How acquired 



By purchase 

TQ. no? 

17, ^48 

By gift. . 

10, 881 

12, IOO 

By transfer from United States Government 

21, 860 

24. 22O 

From the Public Printer by virtue of law 

4, 006 

c, 380 

From the American Printing House for the Blind. 


By International Exchange (from foreign gov- 

14, 850 

0, 6lQ 

Gifts of the United States Government in all its 

4, 216 

4. ^2=; 

Gifts from State governments 

Q, 6l ^ 


Gifts from local governments . 

3, C7? 

2, 008 

Gifts from corporations and associations 

I. O37 


Bv copyright. . 

a I ?, 7Q2 

b 14, 7^8 

By Smithsonian. . . . ' . . . ... 

2, 477 

I. 062 

By exchange (piece for piece) 

2. Q2S 

3i OI 4 

By priced exchange 



Library of Congress publications (specially 



Gain of volumes by separation in binding and 
by binding of books and periodicals previ- 
ously uncounted or uncounted in their pres- 
ent form 

8, C7.I 

7, 662 

Total added books, pamphlets, and 

127, 337 

1 1 6, 080 


By consolidation in binding; 

Q. 7Q4. 

c o^I 

Duplicates sent in exchange. ... 

14, q88 

17, "s^Q 

Returns of college and library catalogues 

IO, 8^4. 

7, ^62 


3. I3 2 

Net accessions 

88, 101 

8c;, 048 

* This includes 311 volumes added to the reserve collections. 
b This includes 357 volumes added to the reserve collections. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 21 

As was to be expected, the war has continued to keep down 
the number of accessions received from abroad through pur- 
chase, international exchange, and the Smithsonian deposit. 
Since June, 1914, the net totals of accessions have steadily 
declined until this year's net increase (85,948) is somewhat 
below the annual average of the preceding 18 years. 

In an endeavor to learn and take advantage of opportuni- 
ties for acquisitions abroad, as well as to improve the proce- 
dure for securing material from Germany and Austria needed 
by other American libraries as well as our own, the Chief of the 
Order Division, Mr. Koch, went to London in January last and 
remained there into July. A good deal of his attention was 
given to the interviews and correspondence incidental to the 
second purpose; but he reported fully the opportunities of 
the British book market; and his presence in London was 
peculiarly fortunate in connection with the gift and transfer 
of the collection of Whistleriana presented by Mr. and Mrs. 
Joseph Pennell, the authorized biographers of James McNeil 

This, the most important accession bv gift during the vear, Girrs: 

Pennell Gift 

includes not only all books by and about Whistler, but 
very complete representation of books in which Whistler is 
mentioned or his art discussed. This means that there are 
many books and magazine articles on contemporary art and 
catalogues of exhibits in which \Vhistler figured. There are 
also several hundred unpublished letters of Whistler and 
many letters and tributes from the most distinguished people 
who knew him in Europe and America. There are many 
other equally important items. 

The collection of Whistler prints, etchings, lithographs, 
photographs of his paintings, and other reproductions is the 
most complete in existence. It includes an original pen 
drawing of Whistler's portrait of himself and other designs 
by him. Many of the choicest etchings are represented in 
several states. The press cuttings and magazine clippings 

22 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

alone fill some sixty folio volumes. These were useful 
source material for Mr. and Mrs. Pennell in writing their 
life of Whistler. The collection also includes manuscripts 
by Whistler and by the Pennells written at his dictation. 

As usual with a collection of such completeness, it illus- 
trates much more than its central figure. It covers not 
only the literature of the arts in which Whistler was pre- 
eminent, but it also goes into the lives and works of most 
of his contemporaries and many of his predecessors. 

The collection is contained in fourteen cases stored in 
London and properly insured. On May 24, at the office of 
the American Consul General, it was legally transferred , to 
the United States Government. It was thought best not 
to run the risk of trying to ship the material at present. 
A fuller description of it must therefore be deferred. 

The gifts from thousands of unofficial sources have in- 
creased this year, reaching an aggregate of 12,100 volumes 
and pamphlets, although including no collection or group 
deserving special mention. Among the single volumes 
presented may be noted a copy of the "Letters of Thomas 
Burnet to George Ducket, 1712-1722; edited by David 
Nichol Smith; printed for presentation to members of the 
Roxburghe Club, 1914," the gift of the Marquess of Crewe. 

Mr. Joseph E. Widener gave a copy of "Pictures in the 
collection of P. A. B. Widener at Lynnewood hall, Elkins 
Park, Pennsylvania. Early Italian and Spanish schools. 
With biographical and descriptive notes on the Italian 
painters, by B. Berenson, and on the Spanish painters, by 
W.Roberts. Philadelphia, Privately printed, 1916. " One 
of 200 copies printed for private circulation only, bound 
in red crushed Levant by Riviere and Son. 

Henry Yates Thompson, of London, presented a copy of 
"Illustrations of one hundred manuscripts in the library of 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 23 

Henry Yates Thompson. London, Printed at the Chiswick 
press, 1916. " 

American importing publishers gave some 98 Imported 
books, including 46 from the John Lane Company, 35 from 
the Frederick A. Stokes Company, nine from the Funk and 
Wagnalls Company, three from Thompson Brown and 
Company, two from Frederick Warne and Company, two 
from Charles Scribner's Sons, and one from Longmans, 
Green and Company. 

Several desirable specimens of fifteenth century printing PURCHASES: 


were acquired, including the following, arranged in the 
probable order of their issue from the press : 

Valturio, Roberto. De re militari. Veronae, Johannes ex Verona, 
1472. Hain-Cop. *i5847, Proctor 6912 (19 Verona i-i) Spencer 
iv, 44-54, La Valliere, i. ptie., i. t., 2097; Fossi n, 759-760, Perrins 
7, Olschki L, 124. 

This is doubtless the most notable single volume added to the Library during the 
year. It is a first edition, being the second book printed at Verona and the second 
illustrated book printed in Italy, the only work printed by ' John of Verona, son of 
Nicholas, the doctor,' unless he be identical with Giovanni Alvise, who printed at 
Verona in 1478-79. This copy bears the book-plate of J. S. Buna. It has marginal 
notes and 13 initials in gold and colors. Nearly 100 woodcuts (f. 31, 98, 159-174, 
176-199, 205-206, 211-218); the designs have been attributed to Matteo Pasti, an 
artist, who is said to have been at Verona in 1472. 

Gesta Romanorum. Gesta romanorum cum applicationibus moral- 
isatis et mysticis. [Argentinae, Martinus Schott, 148-] Main 
*774i, Proctor 407, Pellechet 5251. 

An uncommon edition, not in Copinger, Reichling or British Museum. Our copy 
is bound in brown morocco, gilt by Clarke and Bedford, and bears the book label o 
R. S. Turner. 

Savonarola. Tractate dellahurailita. [Firenze, 149-] Hain-Reichling 
14372; Proctor 6i84A; Kristeller 394A; not in Copinger. Printed on 

Operetta sopra i dieci comadamenti. Firenze, Lorenze Morgi- 
ani & Giouanni di Maganza, [149-] Hain-Reichling 14442; Proctor 
6396A; Kristeller 3 77A; not in Copinger. 

The first edition of this tract. 

- Tractate della oratione. [Firenze, Bartolomeo di Francesco di 
Libri, ca. 1495] Copinger 5307; Proctor 6295; Perrins 100; Kris- 
teller 382c; not in Main. Bound in blue morocco, inside dentelles, 
gilt edges, by Riviere. 

Sermone della oratione. [Firenze, 149-?] Hain-Cop. 
Proctor 6446; Kristeller 382d. Bound in half russia. 

24 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

These four rare Savonarola tracts are of special interest 
on account of their fine Florentine woodcuts. 

Catholic Church. Liturgy and ritual. Missal. Salzburg. Missale 
secundum notulam metropolitane.ecclesie salisburgensis ordinatum. 
Norimbergae, Georgius Stuchs, expensa loannis Ryman, 1498. 
Hain-Cop. *ii42i, Weale, Hist, music loan exhib., in, 9 (p. 72-74); 
Weale, Bibl. lit., 176, Schreiber 4756, Helmschrott i, 411. Not in 
British Museum, Proctor or Reichling. 

This is the second edition of the Salzburg missal; the first was printed by George 
Stuchs in 1492. Seventh missal printed by Stuchs. 

This copy is bound in wooden boards covered with stamped pigskin. It contains 
a book-plate inscribed: "Cann. Regg. in Polling. Anno i 744. Franciscuspraepositus. 
lungwierth [i. e. Franz Xaver Jungwirth] sc[ulpsit] Mon[achii]." 

PURCHASES: Qf k mc i re d interest is a good copy of the first Protestant 


Bible in the French language : 

Bible. French. 1535. La Bible qui est toute la Saincte escripture 
. . . translatez en Francoys. Le Vieil de Lebrieu and le Nouueau du 
Grec [Colophon: Neufchastel, par Pierre de wingle MDXXXVJ 

It was printed at the cost of the Waldenses and most of the copies were destroyed 
in their communities. The volume is consequently very rare. 

Americana A number of unusual American items were purchased, 
including the following : 

[Jourdain, Silvestre] A plaine description of the Barmvdas, now called 
Sommer Hands. With the manner of their discouerie anno 1609 by the 
shipwrack and admirable deliuerance of Sir Thomas Gates and Sir 
George Sommers, wherein are truly set forth the commodities and 
profits of that rich, pleasant, and healthfull covntrie. With an ad- 
dition, or more ample relation of diuers other remarkeable matters 
concerning those ilands since then experienced, lately sent from 
thence by one of the colonie now there resident. London, Printed 
by W. Stansby, for W. Welby, 1613. 

This is the very rare first edition of the curious and interesting voyage which Malone 
considered as having suggested to Shakespeare his different allusions to these islands 
as the " stillvexed Bermoothes," in the "Tempest." In his dedication to the reader 
the author says: "Good Reader, this is the first Booke published to the world touch- 
ing the Sommer Ilands: but who shall liue to see the last?" 

The present copy is bound in full crimson levant morocco by Bedford. 

A Strange account of the rising and breaking of a great bubble. With 
amendments and enlargement. Re-Printed and sold at my office at 
the Sign of the Tree of liberty . on Sagadahock-River. 1767. 

This is an extremely rare tract relating to the affairs of the Plymouth Company's 
purchase on Kennebec River, 1753-67, written shortly after the repeal of the Stamp 
Act, and replete with references to persons and events of the time (1753-67). Though 
the author is not known, he was evidently one of the aggrieved settlers, living within 
the limits of the company's "pretended claim." 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 25 

Wesley, John. An extract of the Rev. Mr. John Wesley's journal from 
his embarking for Georgia to his return to London. Bristol. Printed 
by S. and F. Farley [1739]. 

The original edition of an important, though comparatively unknown work relat- 
ing to the early settlement of Georgia and its aborigines. In 1735, the author accom- 
panied Gen. James Ogelthorpe to Georgia as a missionary to the Indian:.. He began 
his labors in Savannah, preached and read the liturgy daily, forded rivers, crossed 
swamps, slept on the ground, fasted and went barefooted among the children at 
school to encourage those who had no shoes. His preaching was at first successful, 
but his rigorous discipline became distasteful alike to settlers and Indians, and finally, 
being persecuted on acccount of his attempt to influence the secular affairs of the 
Colony, he returned to England. 

The work is also important on account of its containing, in the introduction, the 
first authentic account, by Wesley himself, of "The Rise of that little society in 
Oxford" which has since developed into the Methodist Church. 

[Allen, Joseph Dana] A journal of an excursion, made by the corps of 
cadets of the A. L. S. & M. academy. Norwich, Vt. under command 
of Capt. A. Partridge, June, 1824. Windsor, Yt.. Printed by Simeon 
Ide, 1824. 

An unusual item, and an early Vermont imprint, relating to one of the earliest 
military schools established in the United States. 

Raleigh, Sir Walter. Brevis & admiranda descriptio regni Gviarfae, 
avri abvndantissimi, in America ... 1564, 1595, & 1506, per dn. 
Gvalthervm Ralegh. Noribergae, impensis Levina Hulsii , DMXCIX 
This work is bound with the following: 

Vera historia, admirandae cvivsdam nauigationis, quam Huldericus 
Schmidel, Straubingensis, ab anno 1534. usque ad annum 1554. in 
Americam vel nouum mundum, iuxta Brasiliam & Rio della Plata, 
confecit. Quid per hosce annos 19. sustinuerit, quam varias & 
quam mirandas regiones ac homines viderit. Ab ipso Schmidelio 
germam'ce, descripta: nunc vero, emendatis & correctis vrbium, 
regionum and fluminum nominibus, adiecta etiam tabula geographi- 
ica, figuris & alijs notationibus quibusdam in hanc formam reducta. 
Noribergae, impensis L. Hulsij, 1599. 

Church, Benjamin. The entertaining history of King Philip's war. 
which began in the month of June, 1675. As also of expeditions 
more lately made against the common enemy, and Indian rebels, in 
the eastern pkrts of New-England: with some account of the divine 
providence towards Col. Benjamin Church: by Thomas Church, esq. 
his son. 2d ed. Boston: printed 1716. Newport, Rhode-Island, Re- 
printed and sold by S. South wick, 1772. 

This book contains a very interesting specimen of Paul Revere's work as an en- 
graverthe frontispiece inscribed "Col. Benjamin Church. P. Revere sc." which is 
in fact a copy of a portrait of the poet, Charles Churchill, published in the "Court 
miscellany and Gentlemen and ladies' magazine," Sept., 1768. Revere has placed 
a powderhom around the neck, and the features have suffered somewhat through 
his handling. See the photographic reproductions of the above mentioned portrait 
of Churchill and of Revere's plate, in Mass. hist. soc. Proceedings, 1881-82, v. 19, p. 
243-245, with remarks by Charles Deane. 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 



Naval architec- 

Fuller, Thomas. The history of the worthies of England. Endeav- 
oured by Thomas Fuller, D. D. London, Printed by J. G. W. L. 
and W. G. 1662. 

A fine copy of the first edition, with the armorial bookplate of Cornelius Paine. 

Mandeville, Sir John. The voyages and trauailes of Sir lohn Man- 
deuile Knight. Wherein is treated of the way towards Hierusalem, 
and of the meruailes of Inde, with other lands and countries. Lon- 
don, Printed by Thomas Snodham, 1612. 

Bound in crushed crimson morocco extra, by F. Bedford. From the Huth library, 
previously in the libraries of Sir Hamon Le Strange and Lord Selsey. On the title- 
page occurs: "Hamon Le Strange, 156." 

La Martini ere, Maximilien Antoine Cyprien Henri Poisson de. Docu- 
ments pour servir a 1 'etude du nord ouest africain reunis et rediges 
par ordre de M r . Jules Cambon, gouverneur general de 1'Algerie, 
par H. M. P. de La Martiniere ... [et] N. Lacroix ... [Alger] Gouverne- 
ment general de 1'Algerie, Service des affaires indigenes, 1894-97, 

Marshall, George William. Miscellanea Marescalliana, being genealog- 
ical notes on the surname of Marshall. Collected by George William 
Marshall, LL. D. [Worksop, Eng., R. White, printer, 1883-88]. 2 v. 

"Fifty copies for private distribution." 

This copy was made up by the author as the sist copy, for one of his colleagues at 
the Herald's college, and is vouched for by him as complete. A few of the original 
pages had run out, so he repaged the substituted ones, from the Yorkshire archeological 
and topographical journal, in his own handwriting. 

Of special interest at the present time are the following 
works relating to naval architecture: 

Chapman, Fredrik Henrik. Architectura navalis mercatoria, navium 
varii generis mercatoriarum capulicarum, cursoriarum aliarumque, 
cujuscunqve conditionis vel molis, formas et rationes exhibens: 
exemplis aeri incisis, demonstrationibus denique dimensionibus cal- 
culisque accuratissimis illustrata. Holmiae, 1768. 

The first and most complete set of working drawings for wooden ships ever pub- 

Cortes, Martin. The arte of navigation. Conteyning a compendious 
description of the sphere, with the making of certayne instruments. 
Englished ... by Richard Eden. London, printed at the charges of 
Richard Watkins. 1589. 

Bourne, William. The arte of shooting in great ordnaunce ... Imprinted 
at London for Thomas Woodcocke. 1587. 

Garcie, Pierre. Le grand rovtier, pilotage, et encrage de mer: 
tant des parties de France, Bretaigne, Angleterre, que haultes 
Alemaignes ... A la Rochelle, Pour Marin Villepoux. 1584. 

These three works are bound together in one volume with the arms of Henry, 
ninth Earl of Northumberland. 

The science of navigation was revolutionized by the publication of Cortes' " Arte 
of nauigation," which contained many new methods of ascertaining latitude. It 
seems probable that this volume, belonging to the "wizard " Earl of Northumberland 
and concerning math ematics and voyaging, formed part of the library which the 
Earl had with him during his imprisonment in the Tower. He had there as a fellow- 
prisoner Sir Walter Raleigh, who was a personal friend. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 27 

Collmann, Herbert L. Ballads and broadsides, chiefly of the Eliza- PURCHASES 
bethan period and printed in black-letter, most of which were ^ t 
formerly in the Heber collection and are now in the library at Brit- 
well Court, Buckinghamshire; ed. with notes and an introduction 
by Herbert L. Collmann. Oxford, Printed for presentation to 
members of the Roxburghe club [by H. Hart, at the University 
press] 1912. 

One of the choicest volumes of the Roxburgh club publications. 

London. Stationers' Company. A transcript of the registers of the 
worshipful Company of stationers, from 1640-1708 A. D. London, 
Priv. print., 1913-14. 3 vols. 
A continuation of Arber's Transcripts, 1554-1640. One of 250 copies. 

Irving, Washington. A history of New- York from the beginning of 
the world to the end of the Dutch dynasty . . . by Diedrich Knicker- 
bocker. With unpublished corrections of the author. Illustrations 
by Howard Pyle, Boughton and Drake. Etchings by H. C. Eno 
and with frontispieces, each in three states, etched by F. Raubicheck. 
2 vols. N. Y., Grolier club, 1886. 

One of the scarcest of the Grolier Club publications. 

Fitzgerald, Edward. Rubaiyat of Omar Khayyam, the astronomer- 
poet of Persia, rendered into English verse by Edward Fitzgerald. 
N. Y., Grolier Club, 1885. 

One of 150 copies on Japan paper. 

Croome, Arthur Capel Molyneux. Fifty years of sport at Oxford, 
Cambridge, and the great public schools, arranged by the Right Hon. 
Lord Desborough of Taplow ... ed. by A. C. M. Croome. London, 
W. Southwood & co., 1913. 

The receipts by transfer from governmental libraries in Transfers 
the District of Columbia aggregated 19,080 volumes and 
pamphlets, 23,738 periodical numbers, and 170 maps and 

28 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The accessions from this source included : 





The White House 


Department of State 

8-7 A 


Department of the Treasury 
Bureau of the Mint 







Bureau of the Public Health 
Service . 


Department of War: 
Army War College 

2 A.OS. 


Surgeon General 's Office 



Bureau of Insular Affairs 

i, 07 1 

Department of the Navy. . . . 



Hydrographic Office 



U 7 

Naval War College 


Department of the Interior 

I ^2 

Patent Office 


Bureau of Education 




Geological Survey 



Reclamation Service 




Bureau of Mines 



Department of Agriculture 

I. 367 

I C2I 

Weather Bureau 


Department of Commerce 

2 180 


Bureau of Standards 



Department of Labor : 
Bureau of Labor Statistics. . . . 

2 99 


2, 145 

Children's Bureau 



i. oc6 

Interstate Commerce Com- 



3 OCA 

Federal Trade Commission . . 





Copyright trans- 

The number of volumes of surplus copyright deposits 
transferred this year to other governmental libraries in the 
District of Columbia was 4,926, chiefly current material. 
The volumes selected by the beneficiary libraries (not in- 
cluded in any of the foregoing statistical statements because 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 29 

they had never been incorporated in the permanent collec- 
tions of the Library of Congress) numbered as follows : 

District of Columbia Public Library i, 663 

Federal Trade Commission 689 

Department of Commerce 665 

Surgeon General 's Office 54 

United States Engineer School 4 11 

Bureau of Education 373 

Department of Agriculture 263 

Patent Office 13 

Bureau of Standards 60 

Bureau of Mines 54 

Commissioner of Internal Revenue 42 

United States Soldiers' Home 33 

Hygienic Laboratory 23 

Interstate Commerce Commission 14 

Geological Survey i 

Bureau of Fisheries i 

For notable accessions, especially in Chinese literature, Oriental 
see under "Semitic and Oriental Division" infra, pp. 80-99. 

(From the report of the Chief, Dr. Hunt) 

In announcing a few of the more important accessions of 
historical manuscripts during the past fiscal year, the place 
of honor must be given to those papers which pertain to the 
American Revolution, which has been called, appropriately, 
the heroic period of American history. Therefore, the first 
papers to be noticed in this report are those of Charles Thorn- Thomson pa- 
son, secretary of the Continental Congress during the whole 
period of its existence, from the first Congress in 1774 to the 
last meeting, on March 2, 1789, when he made the last entry 
in the Journal. He alone, of all those who had a part in the 
Federal administration during the Revolution, held the same 
office during the whole period of the Government's existence; 
and, having seen it born, he saw it die and give place to a 
new Constitution. The Journals of the Continental Congress 
and many of the papers of the Continental Congress, trans- 
ferred to the Library from the State Department in 1903, 

30 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

are the official papers of Charles Thomson ; but, necessarily, 
a large number of personal papers of historical value had 
accumulated in his files, in the course of his long and re- 
markable career. It was known that he destroyed some of 
these papers, but others survived and were preserved by his 
descendants. After negotiations extending over a period of 
10 years they have at length found a permanent resting- 
place with the Government. 

In the Collections of the New York Historical Society for 
1878 were printed selections from the papers of Charles 
Thomson. These were copies, made for William B. Reed, of 
Philadelphia, of letters which were then in Germantown. 
In 1907, Mr. Worthington C. Ford, then Chief of the Divi- 
sion of Manuscripts, with the aid of Dr. J. Franklin Jameson, 
Director of the Department of Historical Research of the 
Carnegie Institution, obtained from the Oregon Historical 
Society a list of the Thomson papers, which had crossed the 
continent after Mr. Reed's copies were made. Two years 
ago the papers were put in the hands of a dealer for sale, 
and last winter they were bought by the Library for a 
reasonable sum. Comparison of the collection with the 
printed letters shows that 120 of the manuscript letters were 
never printed, and these are quite as important, from an 
historical point of view, as the printed letters. There are 
178 documents in the collection, ranging in date from 1765 
to 1820. They include notes of debates in Congress on the 
report of the Board of War, July 24, 1777, and the days 
following; letters from William Franklin, Benjamin Frank- 
lin, John Dickinson, John Jay, Thomas Jefferson, Marbois, 
Robert Morris, Gouverneur Morris, James Madison, and 
James Monroe; Laurens's charges against Thomson in 1779, 
and Thomson's protest at not being assigned a part in the 
first inauguration ceremonies under the Constitution. Some 
of the subjects covered by the correspondence are: The 
founding of the American Philosophical Society in 1768; 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 31 

the transmission to the United States of the definitive treaty 
of peace, in 1783; the receipt of the ratification for the ex- 
change of the treaty, March 31, 1784; correspondence of 
Thomson on scientific and religious subjects; and his state- 
ment concerning John Dickinson's course in the Revolution. 

It is with great regret that I am obliged to call attention Journals of the 

Continental Con- 

to the -fact that the Library's publication of the Journals of gress 
the Continental Congress which Thomson kept has halted. 
This colossal work was begun in 1904. It was the largest 
piece of editing by one person ever undertaken by the 
Government, if we except the "American archives" of 
Peter Force. The volumes appeared from year to year, 
from 1904 till 1914, twenty-three volumes having been 
printed, fifteen edited by Worthington C. Ford and eight 
by me. The period covered by the published volumes is 
from 1774 to 1782. The proof of the two volumes covering 
the year 1783 has been read; the volumes are set up and 
only require the final printing and binding. The copy for 
the volumes covering the years 1784 and 1785 is ready for 
the printer. The copy for the remaining years of the 
Congress can be pushed forward whenever there is a prob- 
ability that it will be printed. Of the value of the publica- 
tion there can be no doubt. It is the record of the founda- 
tion of the American state, and explains much of our subse- 
quent governmental development. 

It is unfortunate that the announcement of, the accession Moms papers 
of Charles Thomson's papers can not be followed by an 
equally satisfactory statement concerning the papers of his 
friend and coadjutor, Robert Morris. Morris's descendants 
kept a considerable part of his correspondence in their 
hands, and, in the past year, offered it to the Library, but at 
a price so greatly in excess of its value that the purchase at 
a private sale could not be considered. The papers were 
afterward sold at public auction, and the Library, by a 
careful selection of those documents which were adapted to 

32 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

its purposes, and which had not a high value to autograph 
collectors, secured about 180 letters. In date they run 
from 1778 to 1820. They relate to diplomatic and military 
affairs during the Revolution, the finances of the Revolu- 
tion, and Morris's personal financial affairs. Among the 
correspondents are Silas Deane, John Jay, Admiral de 
Grasse, Tench Tilghman, and Edward Livingston.. These 
papers go to complete the Morris collection already in the 
Library. In 1901 the Library acquired fifteen bound 
volumes of Morris papers, comprising his diary and official 
letter books; resolutions of the Continental Congress relating 
to the Department of Finance; Beaumarchais' accounts; 
and a number of separate documents. The papers in this 
collection are dated from 1781 to 1784. 

By purchase at an auction sale there came about 43 
additional documents of James Madison. . They are some of 
the papers which Mr. Frederick B. McGuire retained when 
the Madison papers which his father, J. C. McGuire, had 
collected were sold in 1892. That collection passed to the 
Chicago Historical Society, whence, in 1910, it came to this 
Library. The additional Madison papers were sold at 
auction, by the estate of Mr. F. B. McGuire's widow. Those 
which the Library obtained are dated from 1787 to 1836, but 
most of them are of 1801, when Madison became Jefferson's 
Secretary of tate. They include letters from Edmund 
Randolph, Pierce Butler, Charles Carroll of Carrollton, 
John Dickinson, James Monroe, Thomas Sumter, and 
Robert Y. Hayne. They relate to many different subjects, 
but a number of them concern appointments to office. 
apers Madison first appeared on the public stage in the Vir- 
ginia Convention of 1776, and the best account of the pro- 
ceedings of the Convention was written by Hugh Blair 
Grigsby, being an address delivered before the Phi Beta 
Kappa Society, at William and Mary College, and pub- 
lished in 1855. This and Grigsby 's other writings on 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 33 

Virginia history have taken a permanent place in historical 
literature. He was a scholar who devoted his life to research 
in the history of his State, and was exceptionally well 
informed on the subject. It is a rule in the case of men of 
Mr. Grigsby's bent that their drafts, notes, and correspond- 
ence contain more of historical information than they 
ever print. The Library was much gratified, therefore, 
when Mr. Grigsby's descendants, through Hugh Blair 
Grigsby Gait, Esq., of Norfolk, transferred to it some of 
the rough drafts of Mr. Grigsby's articles. They contain 
information which is not in the printed articles, and en- 
courage the hope that other papers of Mr. Grigsby will 
reveal information which will shed new light on important 
historical characters and events. Mr. Gait holds out the 
prospect of having access to Mr. Grigsby's correspondence 
at an early day, and of according the Library the privilege 
of becoming the depository of such part of it as may be of 
historical interest. 

Some of the Revolutionary papers which have been^""""'' ma ~ 
received in the past year contain economic information. 
It is not an exaggeration to say that every large collection 
of personal papers includes some accounts or letters throw- 
ing light on economic conditions. The Library has, how- 
ever, received a number of accessions that are principally or 
almost wholly economic in character, which 'deserve especial 
notice. The endeavor to collect such material is unceasing, 
for the collection can never become too large. To serve its 
purpose effectually, it should cover the whole country and 
embrace its chief industries. Before public statistics were 
kept, private accounts and business correspondence formed 
the only evidence of the movement of commerce, the price of 
commodities, and the cost of living. Such documents, even 
after systematized statistics were kept, contain information 
which official investigations and reports do not disclose. 
It should be remarked, also, that, before the days of steam 

34 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

and electrical transportation and communication, when 
communities were isolated one from another, economic 
information applicable to one locality was not applicable to 
another community. The Library never loses a chance to 
obtain good account books, or collections of letters con- 
taining trade or commercial information. Some of those 
obtained during the past year are: The account books of 
Woolman and Potts, 1759-1824; the papers of Robert 
Carter, 1759-1805; of Wilson Gary Nicholas, 1763-1823; of 
James Murdoch & co., 1775; of James Craik & son, 1790; 
of Charles Loubies, 1790-1799; and the Clinch plantation 
book. They cover a variety of subjects, times, and places, 
from general household supplies in Philadelphia before the 
Revolution, to the value of negro slaves in Georgia shortly 
before the Civil War; from early land purchases in Ken- 
tucky to the value of drugs in Virginia in 1790. A more 
detailed account of the collections mentioned follows : 

The account books of Woolman and Potts display the 
prices at retail in Philadelphia in 1759 and 1760 of the ordi- 
nary supplies of a household. In the same volume are 
entered accounts, showing the cost of land surveying, of 
drawing up deeds and wills at Northampton, N. J., from 
1809 to 1812. A mercantile letter book, 1812-1814, gives 
correspondence between a firm at Burlington, N. J., and 
one at Providence, R. I., showing the trade between those 
ports, especially in yarns, linens, and similar products. 

The papers of Robert Carter of Nomini Hall are those of 
a rich planter and capitalist of Westmoreland County, 
Virginia. His transactions were on a large scale in the 
lower counties of Virginia, with John Augustine Washington, 
manager of the Dismal Swamp Company, with John Bruce, of 
Williamsburg, Benjamin Harrison, of Berkeley, Archibald 
Gary, Thomas and Hugh Nelson, and Lord Dunmore. He 
was an exporter and importer, and, among other com- 
modities, furnished bar iron. From 1774, for a number of 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 35 

years, he kept memorandum books, which show how his 
plantations were conducted, how his negroes were employed, 
the rents received from his plantations, and the like. The 
miscellaneous correspondence is largely economic and social 
in its disclosures, but includes much information regarding 
religious affairs. About 1794 he moved to Baltimore, but 
he retained material interests in Virginia. 

The Clinch plantation book is a gift to the Library from 
Mrs. James M. Lawton, a descendant of General Duncan 
Lament Clinch and the daughter of General Robert Ander- 
son. The book is a list of the negroes on the plantation 
"The Refuge," near St. Mary's, Georgia, and gives the name, 
age, occupation, and value of each slave. Books of this 
kind are rare and of great historical value. 

Closely related to the economic material is that which Social history 
develops the social history of the country ; and in this group 
a small but interesting body of papers was acquired from 
the descendants of Count Jean Florian Jolly de Pontcadeuc. 
He was a French emigrant to the United States, who settled 
in West Florida in 1 809. When he escaped from France in 
1793 he went to Guernsey, thence to England, and, in 1808, 
came to America. He bought a plantation in Louisiana, 
and died there of yellow fever in 1811. Beginning with his 
arrival at Halifax in the autumn of 1808, he wrote letters 
to his wife, giving a spirited account of his travels, describ- 
ing places, customs, and persons, and occasionally drawing 
illustrations. He tells about the journey from New York 
to Philadelphia, thence by way of Lancaster to Pittsburgh; 
from Pittsburgh down the Ohio and Mississippi, by flat 
boat, past Marietta, Blennerhassett Island, Louisville, and 
on to New Orleans, whence he went to West Florida. He 
returned to Louisiana, where he hoped to establish his home. 

When Count Jolly de Pontcadeuc was in West Florida it 
was still Spanish territory. The Library has received, from 
a lady in Illinois, an important record of the English ad- 
ministration of the province, being a West Florida letter 

36 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

book, described as "Secretary of State's Letter Book A, 
commencing i4th April, 1770, & ending 23d September, 
1774, and contains copies of all the' Dispatches received from 
and wrote to the Secretary of State, from the beginning of 
Governor Chester's Administration until the above date in 
1774 (including all Lord Hillsborough's and part of Lord 
Dartmouth's correspondence). The remainder of the corre- 
spondence will be carried on in Book B." The book is filled 
and at the end of the last page occurs this remark: 

" For the Continuance of this Correspondence, Vide Liber B. 

"N. B. The next letter of this Correspondence to come on 
in Book B is one of the 3oth April, 1774, from Mr. Pownall, 
inclosing year's estimate." 
f Unfortunately, Book B has not yet been discovered. 

The first communication in the book, dated Whitehall, 
1 4th April, 1770, is a circular to the governor inclosing a 
copy of the Act repealing the Act "for granting certain 
duties in the British colonies and Plantations in America, 
&c." The letters are to and from Peter Chester, and begin 
soon after Chester's arrival at Pensacola. They relate to 
the settlement of Natchez, trade with the West Indies, 
prospects of trade with Great Britain, Indian affairs, political 
and literary information. The volume fits in with the seven 
volumes of the records of West Florida transferred to the 
Library by the General Land Office in 1915, dating from 
1764 to 1781, and noticed in the Annual Report of the 
Library for 1915. 
Foreign iran- f h e transcripts from foreign archives of documents 


relating to the colonial history of the United States continue 
to be received in satisfactory volume. The report for 1915 
gave a full account of this project, and it will suffice to 
say that the record of receipts has been maintained, not- 
withstanding some delays and irregularities caused by war 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 37 

It is with great satisfaction that announcement is made Dantiso* pa- 

of the accession of the papers of Andrew Jackson Donelson, 
the nephew of Andrew Jackson, and the private secretary 
to his uncle during the whole of Jackson's term as President. 
He was Charge d'affaires in Texas when that republic was 
annexed to the United States. He was Minister to Prussia 
in 1848. In 1851 he was editor of the Union in Washington. 
He was the candidate for Vice President of the American 
party in 1856. His diversified career, and especially his 
confidential relations with General Jackson, furnished a 
reason for the Library's inquiries for the papers, some years 
ago, but at that time they could not be found. Recently, 
through the efforts of Professor St. George L. Sioussat, then 
of Yanderbilt University, lately called to fill the chair of 
history at Brown University, the papers became accessible, 
having been found in the country house of Mrs. Bettie M. 
Donelson, now the Regent of the Ladies' Hermitage Associa- 
tion. Through Professor Sioussat 's efforts, and the patriotic 
interest of Mr. Robert Dyas, Mrs. Donelson's nephew, I was 
permitted to see the papers, and Mrs. Donelson consented 
to their becoming the property of the Government. Among 
them are many letters of General Jackson, touching on the 
chief phases of his career, from his military service before 
the War of 1812 to the election of Polk not long before his 
death. There are many drafts of his messages, and the 
fair copies from which they were printed, among the latter 
being the printer's copy of the Proclamation against the 
Nullification party of South Carolina. Donelson's own cor- 
respondence throws much light upon the Texas annexation, 
and upon political affairs during his long and interesting 

Among the Donelson papers, but having no connection 
with them, was Edmund Pendleton's copy of the Constitu- 
tion of the United States, with a few marginal notes made 
by him, being the copy he used when he was President of 

38 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

the Virginia Convention, which ratified the Constitution in 
1788; also the speech he made on calling the Convention to 
order, and a copy of the printed journal of that Convention. 
Poinsett papers The Donelson papers, so far as they relate to Texas, have 
a relationship to the papers of Joel R. Poinsett, which the 
Library obtained in the past year at a sale in New York. 

The Poinsett papers pertain to Buenos Ay res, Rio de 
Janeiro, Peru, and Chile. They were written in 1810 and 
181 1 , when Poinsett was sent by this Government to observe 
conditions in the revolting South American states and 
report on them. As he was an accomplished writer and 
traveler, his observations have an undoubted value and 
interest. There are six of these writings a rough draft 
concerning the principal characters engaged in the Buenos 
Ayres revolution of 1809 (24 pages folio); two copies draft 
and revised fair copy of the journal of a voyage to Rio de 
Janeiro, Buenos Ayres, and Chile, 1810 and 1811 (153 pages 
in all) ; two elaborate essays on the United Provinces of the 
River Plate (128 pages) ; an historical essay on the Kingdom 
of Chile (135 pages); notes on Chile (58 pages); and a per- 
sonal narrative on conditions in Peru, Buenos Ayres, and 
Chile (about 185 pages). 

papers The papers of another South Carolinian, distinguished in a 
different field, are those of Lewis L. Gibbes, a scientist and 
educator of Charleston. They are dated from 1793 to 
1891, and are of a highly diversified character. He was a 
physician, but his tastes led him into scientific studies and 
experimentation, especially in botany. He was professor 
of mathematics in the Charleston College from 1838. Edu- 
cational conditions in South Carolina, especially during and 
immediately after the Civil War, are disclosed by the cor- 
respondence. He assisted in the earliest efforts at making 
systematic meteorological records. His correspondents in- 
cluded the chief scientists throughout the United States and 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 39 

some in Europe among them, Joseph Le Conte, Joseph 
Henry, Asa Gray, James R. Espey and Benjamin Silliman, 

Among the Gibbes papers was a group of papers of James 
McBride, the botanist, dating from 1808 to 1817, the latter 
year being that of his death. Among his correspondents 
was John C. Calhoun, from whom there are five letters, 
1811-1813, confidentially disclosing his political views. 

It has always been a matter of regret to the Library that, cravfrrTpapers 
among accessions of valuable manuscripts relating to the 
Civil War, there have not been included the papers of 
Robert Anderson, the hero of Fort Sumter. The letter 
books of General Beauregard have much on the subject of 
the bombardment of the Fort from the Confederate side; 
so has the remarkable diary of Edmund Ruffin, who fired 
one of the first, if not the first shot, aimed at the Fort. 
Other collections contain additional* material, and it was 
with a view to further development of the Union side that 
the Library obtained by purchase some of the papers of 
General Samuel Wylie Crawford, who served as a surgeon 
under Anderson, and wrote an account of the defense of the 
Fort, under the title of "The Genesis of the Civil War." 
His diary of events, from December 19, 1860, to April u, 
1861, immediately preceding the bombardment, has now 
been added to the Library's collections. 

Mrs. James M. Lawton, General Anderson's daughter, has 
deposited with the Library three interesting manuscripts of 
General Anderson's his letter book from 1856 to 1859, 
being his miscellaneous correspondence during that period; 
a book of evolutions of batteries, 1840; and one of instruc- 
tions for siege, garrison, and seacoast artillery. These 
volumes are of interest in showing Anderson's proficiency in 
his profession, and have been received with high apprecia- 
tion of Mrs. Lawton's generous interest. Her publications, 
"Major Robert Anderson and Fort Sumter," "An artillery 

16341 17 

4-O Report of the Librarian of Congress 

officer in the Mexican War," and "The history of the 
Soldier's Home," show that General Anderson's papers are 
numerous and valuable. It is hoped that they will yet 
find their way to the keeping of the government. 
Sounders letter An accession of interest, relating to the Mexican War, the 


gift of Charles F. Mclntosh, Esq., of Norfolk, is the letter 
book of his grandfather, Commander John L. Saunders, 
U. S. N. It covers the term of his command of the U. S. 
Sloop of War St. Mary's, November, 1844, to April, 1847. 
It comprises orders and official correspondence of Com- 
mander Saunders with the Navy Department, the fleet 
commander, consuls, British commanders, port captains, 
etc. It relates to the blockade of Vera Cruz, and naval 
operations in Mexican waters. 
Washburn pa- It is with especial gratification that announcement is made 


of the gift by Miss Maiid Washburn, of Portland, Maine, of a 
body of papers of her father, Israel Washburn. He was the 
eldest of a remarkable family. One of his brothers, Cad- 
wallader Colden Washburn, was a Representative in Con- 
gress from Wisconsin, a major general of volunteers in the 
Civil War, and Governor of his State; another, Elihu Ben- 
jamin Washburne, a Representative in Congress from Illinois 
Secretary of State, and Minister to France; another brother, 
William Drew Washburn, a Representative in Congress 
from Minnesota, and a Senator from that State; and another 
brother, Charles Ames Washburn, was Minister to Paraguay, 
one of the early inventors of a writing machine, and a journal- 
ist of note. Israel Washburn was a Representative in Con- 
gress from Maine, and Governor of that State during the 
early half of the Civil War, after which he was Collector of 
the Port of Portland. It was while he was a Member of 
Congress, shortly before the Civil War, that he called a 
meeting of certain leaders, who organized the Republican 
party. His correspondence relates to political affairs and 
the position of Maine during the Civil War. His corre- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 41 

spondents include John Bigelow, Gerrit Smith, Parke God- 
win, Thaddeus Stevens, William H. Seward, Edward Everett, 
James G. Elaine, H. L. Dawes, Governor E. D. Morgan, and 
Edwin M. Stanton. 

The papers of Elihu B. Washburne, a brother of Israel 
Washbum, were given to the Library in 1904. 

In the annual report for 1916, the gift to the Library, by Bancroft 


Mrs. J. C. Bancroft Davis, of the record which her husband 
had kept of the Geneva arbitration of 1871, was mentioned 
with appreciation. Mrs. Davis died last winter, and the leg- 
atees under her will, through Andrew McFarland Davis, Esq., 
of Cambridge, have generously placed at the Library's dis- 
posal the great mass of personal correspondence which Judge 
Bancroft Davis preserved, from the time he was a Secretary 
of Legation in London, in 1851, under Abbott Lawrence, to 
the end of his life, when he was reporter for the Supreme 
Court of the United States. When he returned from his 
first diplomatic service, in 1854, he became the New York 
correspondent of the London Times, and wrote for that paper 
until 1862. The papers include all of Mr. Davis's letters, in 
the form in which he wrote them as well as the printed copies. 
Mr. Davis assisted William Howard Russell, special corre- 
spondent of the London Times, and gave him advice; and, as 
Russell went through the country, seeking information for 
the English public, he wrote constantly and confidentially 
to Mr. Davis. His letters are an interesting contribution to 
Civil War history. Another important correspondent, 
whose letters extended from 1870 to his death in 1893, was 
Hamilton Fish, It is doubtful if any other of Mr. Fish's 
correspondents was as completely in his confidence as was 
Mr. Davis. They shared the same tastes professionally, 
both being international lawyers and diplomatists; in re- 
ligion, both being devoted Episcopalians and active in the 
affairs of the Church; and in social life, both being fond of 
the interchange of courtesies and information which comes 

42 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

with the well selected company of a dinner party. Mr. 
Fish's letters disclose his views on public questions, while 
he was Secretary of State and up to the time of his death. 

For many years Mr. Davis was an active vestryman of 
St. John's Church in Washington, and his correspondence is 
full of information about the affairs of that historic parish. 
A part of this branch of the correspondence relates to the 
creation of the Diocese of Washington, and the separation 
of this city from the Diocese of Maryland, of which it had 
been a part. 

When Mr. Davis was Assistant Secretary of State he kept 
a diary. The first volume begins July 26, 1870, with a 
circumstantial account of an interview with Charles Sumner 
on the subject of the Alabama claims, and ends October 26, 
1871, when Mr. Davis was about to go abroad as agent of 
the United States in the Geneva arbitration. Another vol- 
ume, similar in character, begins January 24, 1873, when 
Mr. Davis resumed his duties as Assistant Secretary in the 
State Department, and continues to May 23, 1873. A 
year later he went as Minister to Berlin and there are 
three volumes of the letters received in that capacity. 

The entire collection of Davis papers now consists of 28 
portfolio boxes of unbound letters and papers and 39 bound 
volumes. With this latest accession came the first draft of the 
case of the United States and the original draft of the coun- 
ter case of the United States in the Alabama Claims nego- 
tiations. There are also two highly valuable and inter- 
esting folio volumes with the following titles: "Original 
drafts and other documents concerning the negotiations at 
London in 1849, 1850, and 1851 " and "Miscellaneous drafts 
and other documents, principally concerning negotiations 
conducted at London between 1849 and 1853." Corre- 
spondence with Lord Palmerston forms a considerable 
portion of these papers. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 43 

(From the report of the Chief, Dr. Harris) 

During the fiscal year ending June 30, 1917, the acces- 
sions to the Library through the Division of Documents 
were as follows: 

How acquired 

Volumes Pamphlets Total 

Received by virtue of law 


3, 601 


Gifts of the Government of the 
United States in all its branches. 
Gifts of State governments 

I.47 1 

2. "^ 


8. ^22 

4,5 2 5 
II, 095 

Gifts of local governments 

I, IC7 


2, 998 

Gifts of foreign governments (inter- 
national exchange i 

4, 807 

4, 722 

9, 619 

Gifts of corporations and associations . 
Bv transfer 

2, 4^8 


2. ^12 


4- 95 

Total recorded 

14, 474 

24, 725 

39, 199 

By purchase, exchange, deposit, and 
transfer (counted in Order Divi- 
sion) ... 

2, 06? 

3, 2O6 

N, 260 

Bv binding periodicals 

I, <iro 

i, 4 so 

Total handled 

17, 087 

27, QT.I 

4?, Ql8 

In addition to the above, 884 maps and charts have been 
received by official donation. 

The total number of volumes and pamphlets handled 
during the year was 45,918 as compared with 53,123 in 
1915-16, and 46,043 in 1914-15. There has been a notable 
decrease in the receipts from foreign governments (inter- 
national exchange), the cause being a combination of 
circumstances arising out of the war. 

During the year special want lists were sent to the follow- 
ing countries: Argentina, Barbados, Bolivia, Brazil, British 
East Africa, British Guiana, British Honduras, British 


44 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

West Indies, Chile, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cyprus, 
Denmark, France, Guatemala, Gibraltar, Gold Coast, Haiti, 
Honduras, Hong Kong, Jamaica, Japan, Malta, Nicaragua, 
Norway, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Portugal, Russia, Siam, 
Sierra Leone, Spain, Straits Settlements, Sweden, Switzer- 
land, Uganda, Uruguay, and Virgin Islands. 
DOCUMENTS: j n addition to the regular consignments from the ninetv- 


one countries on the international exchange list, the follow- 
ing shipments of documents were received in response to 
special requests : Agra and Oudh, 46 volumes and pamphlets; 
Antigua, 44 volumes and pamphlets; British East Africa, 
15 volumes and pamphlets; British Guiana, 47 volumes and 
pamphlets; British Honduras, 13 volumes; British North 
Borneo, 6 volumes; British South Africa, 22 volumes and 
pamphlets; British West Indies, 6 pamphlets; Canada, 1,121 
volumes and pamphlets ; Colombia, 50 volumes and pamph- 
lets; Dominica, 29 volumes and pamphlets; Falkland 
Islands, 16 volumes; Federated Malay States, 54 volumes 
and pamphlets ; France, 5 volumes ; Gibraltar, 1 1 pamphlets ; 
Hong Kong, 36 volumes and pamphlets; Madras, no 
volumes and pamphlets; Malta, 14 pamphlets; Russia, no 
volumes and pamphlets; St. Christopher and Nevis, 14 
pamphlets; St. Lucia, 44 volumes; Spain, 41 volumes and 
pamphlets; Virgin Islands, 6 volumes; West Indies, 126 
volumes and pamphlets. 

During the year the Division of Documents has been 
fortunate in having received the assistance of Dr. W. T. 
Swingle of the Department of Agriculture who, with the 
aid of his assistant, Dr. T. Tanaka, has revised the file of 
Chinese and Japanese official publications and has prepared 
two extensive want lists which have been submitted to 
the governments of those countries. 

Japanese docu- Among the documents received from the Japanese gov- 
ernment the following periodical publications are of especial 
interest : 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 45 

Tokkyo Koho (Patent Reports). From beginning of 
1908 to date, slightly incomplete, about 700 numbers. 

Tokkyo Hatsumei Meisaisho (Descriptions of patented 
inventions). Complete from December, 1909 to date, about 
350 numbers. 

Shohyo Kono (Trademark Reports), from May, 1908, 
nearly complete, about 660 numbers. 

Jitsuyo Shin-an Koho (Report of practical inventions), 
from beginning of 1908 to date, slightly incomplete, about 
700 numbers. 

Tsusho Isan (Miscellaneous Trade), now Tsusho Koho 
(Trade Reports), practically complete from the first number 
to date, 850 numbers. This publication resembles our 
United States Consular Reports and is issued by the Foreign 

Kwanpo (Government Gazette), from June, 1908 to date, 
incomplete except for last year. This contains all the 
government proclamations, including Imperial laws, Im- 
perial ordinances, Department ordinances, Department 
regulations and public announcements, proclamations of the 
local governments and parliamentary records, giving the 
speeches in full. It also contains brief accounts of scientific 
reports made by government experiment stations and 

Horei Zensho (Government statutes), nearly complete 
from its beginning in 1867, 93 volumes, 351 numbers. 

The last two are published by the Government Printing 

Among the documents recently received from the Chinese Cktnese docu - 


Government the following railroad reports are of especial 
interest : 

Chin feng t'ieh lu kuan li chii ying yeh yi Ian (Statis- 
tical Report of Peking - Mukden Railway) 1912. This 
report contains statistical information about the business 
conditions of the road, including property, income, ex- 

46 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

penditures, earnings, and detailed facts concerning the 
general administration. 

Ching ban t'ieh lu kuan li chii yirjg yeh yi Ian 
(Statistical Report of Peking-Hankow Railway) 1913. 
This report contains the same information as that in the 
report of Peking-Mukden Railway. 

Ching han lu hsing chih nan (Guide Book of Peking- 
Hankow Railway) 5th ed. 1914, 2 volumes. A complete 
guide to the Peking-Hankow Railway, containing informa- 
tion about the entire road, time tables, passenger rates, 
freight rates, railroad regulations, business conditions, and 
finally detailed information about the places through which 
the road passes, with separate accounts of all the large 
cities, their points of historical interest, best known prod- 
ucts, customs, etc., with many beautiful illustrations. 

Ko t'ieh lu ming kuo erli nien hiang ko shih hang 
piao (Reports of conditions of Government Railways) 1915. 
This report contains notices of changes of conditions on all. 
the government lines, including Peking-Hankow Railway, 
Peking-Mukden Railway, Tientsin-Pukow Railway, Shang- 
hai-Nanking Railway, Peking-Kalgan Railway, Chengtingfu 
Taiyiianfu Railway, Taokow-Chinghua Railway, Kaifeng- 
fu-Honanfu Railway, Kirin-Changchung Railway, Chu- 
chow-Pingshang Railway, Canton-Kowloon Railway. The 
changes noted are mostly in regard to regulations en- 
forced, new stations established, new connections with other 
lines, new branches constructed, new bridges and tunnels 
built, new properties purchased, and other facts. 

Ming kuo t'ieh lu yi nien shih (History of Chinese 
Railways from August, 1912, to August, 1913). Published 
by the Chinese Railway Association in 1914. This report 
treats of the historical changes on all of the railways, gives 
contracts, regulations, construction, and future prospects 
of the reads. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 47 

T'ieh lu hsieh hui hui pao pa ts'ui (Extracts from the 
Journals of Chinese Railway Association), 1914. This 
collection contains the best of the articles written for the 
Journal of Chinese Railway Association; it is the first 
selection of these studies and was published by the Asso- 

The number of countries on the international exchange international 


list remains unchanged, being 91 at the present time. 
Negotiations are in progress for the increase of this number. 

The receipts of the official publications of the States of the state doc- 
United States show an increase over those of the preced- 
ing year. The extent of these receipts since the creation 
of the Division of Documents is as follows: 

1901-2 2,162 190910 6,386 

1902-3 !. 589 I9 10 - 11 7./67 

1903-4 1,023 

1904-5 2,812 

1905-6 3 884 

1906-7 3 2 45 

1907-8 4. 128 

1908-9 3.554 

1911-12 ................... 93 Z 8 

ig 12 -^ ................... 9.485 

1913-14 ................... 9,283 

1914-15... 9.634 

1916-17 ................... "-095 

The success of the Library in securing these official docu- 
ments is, of course, due to the publication of the Monthly 
List of State Publications by this Division. The increase 
in the number of items received is due to the fact that 
more than 40 State legislatures were in session during the 
present year. 

The demands on the Library for the official publications 
of the various belligerent countries have been so great that 
the Division of Documents has been practically conduct- 
ing a reading room for research work. 

During the year 5,823 volumes were sent to the Bindery. 

The number of duplicates eliminated and turned over 
to the Order Division for exchange with other libraries was 
8,ooi (5,013 volumes and 2,988 pamphlets). 

48 Report of the Librarian of Congress 


(From the report of the Law Librarian, Mr. Thompson) 

LAW LIBRARY: f} ie accessions durino- the year were as follows: 

A ccessions 

How acquired 







Bv copyright T. Rnr 

I, 800 

By gift and transfer 



I, 166 


By purchase 




4,3 2 7 

1 80, 


Total accessions 

Total contents of Law Library 

The most noteworthy accessions have been : 

CONNECTICUT. Session laws: Oct. i768-Oct. 1778 (p. 337-507); A P r - 

i779-Jan. 1780 (p. 513-546). 
MASSACHUSETTS. Session laws: 1756 Oct. (p. 475-476); 1757 Mar. 

(p. 491-493 for 481-483); 1757 May (p. 495~49 6 for 485-486); 1778 May 

(p. 179-189); 1779 Nov.-Dec. (p. 259-266 only). 
NEW HAMPSHIRE. Session laws: 1776 (p. 3-25, 43-46); i?77 A P r - (P- 


NORTH CAROLINA. Session laws: 1753 Mar.; 1778 Apr.; 1783 Apr. 
PENNSYLVANIA. Session laws: Oct. i722-May 1723. (47 p.) 
ARGENTINE REPUBLIC. Fallos de la Suprema corte de justicia nacional, 

1863-97. Buenos Aires, 1864-98. 69 v. Jurispradencia de los 

tribunales nacionales, 1910-14. Buenos Aires, 1910-14. 12 v. 

Fallos de la Camara federal de apelacion de Cordoba. Buenos Aires, 

1903-09. 9V. Fallos de la Camara federal de apelacion de Parana. 

Buenos Aires, 1903-09. 10 v. Entre Rios. Recopilacion de leyes, 

decretos y acuerdos de la Provincia, 1821-95. Parana, 1875-95. 

32 v. 

BOLIVIA. Gaceta judicial, 1858-1914. Sucre, [1858-1914]. 18 v. 
CHILE. Gaceta de los tribunales, 1841-1912. Santiago de Chile, 1841- 

1912. IO2 V. 

ITALY. Casazione unica, 1889-1915. Roma, 1889-1915. 27 v. 
Special accessions by official donation : 

BRAZIL. Laws of the following provinces for various years within the 
periods indicated (incomplete sets) : 

Amazonas. Colleccao das leis, 1860-94. 25 v. Bahia. Leis e 
resolucoes, 1881, 1885, 1887. 3 v. Ceard. Colleccao de leis, 1845- 
1886. 21 v. Espirito Santo. Libro das leis, 1842-87. 24 v. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 49 

Gram-Para. Colleccao das leis, 1838-81. 17 v. Maranhao. Coll- 
eccao de leis, 1843-64. 16 v. Minos Geracs. Colleccao de leis, 
1838-84. 28 v. Parahyba do Norte. Colleccao das leis, 1880-81, 
1886. 3 v. Parana. Leis e decretos, 1854-84. 19 v. Pernambuco. 
Colleccao de leys, 1835-88. ijv. Piauhy. Codigo de leis, 1840-84. 
10 v. Rio de Janeiro. Colleccao de leis, 1861-87. 13 v. Rio 
Grande do Xorte. Colleccao das leis provinciaes, 1842-82. 4 v. Rio 
Grande do Sul. Colleccao das leis e resolucoes, 1840-67. 3 v. Santo 
Catharina. Colleccao das leis, 1835-86. 28 v. Sao Paulo. Coll- 
eccao das leis, 1892-1907. 6 v. Sergipe. Colleccao de leis, 1850- 

59- 6 v. 

PERC. Loreto. Coleccion de leyes, decretos, resoluciones i otros 
documentos oficiales, 1777-1908. Lima, 1905-09. 18 v. 

PORTUGAL. Resolucoes do Supremo tribunal administrative : v. 8-22, 
25, 1896-1913. Lisboa, 1897-1915. 16 v. Resolucoes do Conselho 
deestado: v. 1-8, 10-18, 1849-73. Lisboa, 1854-74. 17 v. 

RUSSIA. Zhurnal Ministerstva iustitsii, 1898-1917 Jan. St. Peters- 
burg, 1898-1917. 45 v. 

As special attention has been given for several years past 
to the acquisition of foreign law material, so that the Library 
now has a well-developed collection in this field, and as on 
account of the war it is difficult at the present time to pro- 
cure publications from continental Europe, efforts will be 
made during the current year to ascertain what important 
material is lacking in the English law collection. 

The binding of the United States Supreme Court records Supreme Court 

records and briefs 

and briefs into volumes following the order in which the de- 
cisions are printed in the United States Reports has been com- 
pleted through volume 96 during the year. This rearrange- 
ment of the collection has disclosed the fact that a con- 
siderable number of the earlier reported cases are not 
represented in the set and that there are several hundred 
duplicates available for separate classification by subject or 
for exchange. 

Dr. Borchard completed the manuscript of his "Guide Guide to foreign 
to the law and legal literature of Argentina, Brazil, and 
Chile" before his resignation as Law Librarian took effect 
November i, 1916. The author, title, and subject index has 
been prepared by Miss Love of the Law Division and the 
publication is now in press (October, 1917). 

5O Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Re-cataioguing Last April, by arrangement with the Catalogue Division, 

A merican and 

English Law the recataloguing of the residue of American and English 
treatises in the law collection was temporarily suspended 
because time could not be given to the assignment and 
revision of subject headings for this material on account 
of the pressure of legislative reference work during the 
extra session and the indexing of the foreign law guide 
noted above. As previous reports have shown, this resi- 
due consists of early works rarely used and editions of 
modern textbooks now largely superseded, the recata- 
loguing of which may well be subordinated to more pressing 
needs. This will be resumed during the recess of Con- 
gress. In the interval the law cataloguers have been 
devoting their attention to the accumulation of material 
marked for transfer from "law" to more appropriate loca- 
tions in classified sections of the main collection, e. g., 
banking and insurance law manuals to HG, business law 
compends to HF, manuals for local government officers 
to JS, etc., the policy in such cases being to retain in the 
Law Library only the latest edition in each case for use at 
the Capitol. 
Foreign law Foreign law books are not yet included in the material 

subject catalogue . , , ,. 

for which subject entries are made in the public catalogue 
in the main Reading Room. For some time past, how- 
ever, cards for a subject catalogue of this part of the col- 
lection have been made currently as the printed cards 
have been received, so that there is at the present time in 
the Law Division in the Northeast Pavilion a subject 
index to recent foreign law accessions only. The printed 
cards issued before this catalogue was started are now 
being taken up systematically and subject entries are 
being made for the books they represent, so that it is 
expected that by the end of the current fiscal year the 
foreign law subject catalogue will include all titles in the 
collection for which printed cards have been made. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 51 

The special subiect catalogue of compilations of statute Indel f Com ' 

par a tine Legisla- 

law and studies in comparative legislation has been con-o 
siderably developed during the latter part of the fiscal year 
by the addition of analytical collected in a systematic exam- 
ination of the textbooks and American and English legal 
periodicals in the Law Library at the Capifol. This index, 
though still very incomplete, has proved to be a very useful 
piece of legislative reference apparatus. 

The compilations and digests of law prepared for legisla- Legislate ref- 
erence u'ork at the 

tive reference use which have accumulated since the organi- Law Library 
zation of this service now constitute an important file of 
material for quick reference work. Accordingly, in order to 
aid in answering promptly inquiries by members at the Law 
Library at the Capitol, a duplicate of this file from the extra 
copies available has recently been organized there. This is 
the beginning of a tentative program for developing the 
Law Library at the Capitol as a legislative reference center 
in the field of law. 

(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Phillips) 

The following tables, A and B, respectively, show the 
number of accessions for the year and the total number of 
pieces in the Division of Maps:. 

TABLE A Accessions, July i, 1916 to June 30, 


A ccessicms 




Gift T^ 5 - 

ch'Sce Total 


I. 40^ 


I. J.IO 60 J. 

Manuscript . . 


9 1 

1 1 

17 8 

I 196 
I I 


T s 


1 21 

Total . . 

I. -1OO 


I A1O T21 

A liases 

Steel cases 

52 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

TABLE B Total number of pieces in Map Division, June jo, IQIJ 


June 30, 



Sheet maps, including pocket maps. . . . 

I45 6 47 
A 86? 


149, 679 

Manuscript : 


' 59 


I A1& 



T C2. 8o7 

I 57) 1 77 

These tables do not include the total number of sheets in 
the Sanborn insurance collection, the British Ordnance sur- 
vey, and the Egyptian survey, which number as follows: 


Accessions,i9i6-j 7 






Sanborn insurance maps 




249, 949 


22, 66O 

Ordnance survey 

Egyptian survey. . . . 





289, 826 

No additions have been made to the British Ordnance 
survey or the Egyptian survey maps since the last report. 
The tables above show a decrease in material added from the 
previous years of over two thousand items. 

Since the publication of volume 3 of " A list of geographical 
atlases," in 1914, in which 4,087 atlases were described, 
972 atlases have been added to the collection, making a total 
f 5>59- These additions would make a supplementary or 
fourth volume, if sent to press, of about 700 pages. 

In the last report mention was made of the necessity of 
additional steel cases to augment the equipment of the 
Division, and also to prevent congestion in the cases already 
placed. On account of the present congestion the regular 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 53 

geographical classification has been disarranged, necessi- 
tating the removal of various subjects out of the usual 
geographical order. 

An article published in "Commerce Reports" issued by the 
Department of Commerce, January 5, 1917, contains ad- 
vice which can not be too highly commended. 


[Julean Arnold, American commercial attache to China and Japan] 

"In touring the United States to assist American 
manufacturers and merchants to a better understanding 
of their trade opportunities in the Orient, I found a most 
deplorable dearth of maps in chambers of commerce, 
manufacturing plants, and business offices. Even 
where commercial organizations were equipped with 
foreign trade departments, I seldom found a map of a 
foreign country in evidence in such departments. Some- 
times when an inquirer asked about the location of a 
city in the Orient, I found the commercial organization 
through which I was working unable to furnish even an 
atlas to which I might refer my inquirer. 

'The American people must get the map habit, if 
they are to take up seriously the question of foreign- 
trade extension. A foreign-trade secretary of one of 
our chambers of commerce, when commended by me 
for having a trade map of the world on the wall of his 
office, replied : ' I can't do without it ; never a day passes 
without my having to use this map a number of times.' 
\Vhen the maps are on the walls they will be used, and 
when the maps are not on the walls, in nine cases out 
of ten, atlas or other reference books will not be used. 
When the maps are on the walls, interest in foreign 
countries will be increased. An employee in an office 
where a map is displayed will have his attention invol- 
untarily directed to foreign trade, and sometimes ideas 
of value to the firm will develop therefrom. Heads of 
firms themselves will find the maps of far greater assist- 
ance than they usually imagine. 

54 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Knowledge o f Q ne thing is certain, and that is that one must have 

geography essen- 
tial to trade exten- some knowledge of the geography of a foreign country 


if he would develop extensive trade relations with that 
country in an effective manner. A map of a country 
is the first essential to the study of the geography of 
that country. I found everywhere throughout the 
United States a deplorable ignorance of the geography 
of the Orient. For some unaccountable reason most 
people seem to look upon China as a country entirely 
in the Tropics. When I mentioned Peking as being in 
the same latitude as Philadelphia, there was much gen- 
uine astonishment displayed. 

"We must know more about, or, I might better say, 
something about, the geography of foreign countries if 
we would extend our trade abroad. I do not know how 
we can make a better beginning than by getting the 
map habit. Put maps of foreign countries, preferably 
a commercial map of the world, on the walls of your 
offices and insist upon your chambers of commerce 
equipping themselves with these necessary adjuncts to 
their work. See that your schools are not neglecting 
this important agency in the education of your children. 
I have visited a number of educational institutions in 
this country in connection with my work and saw there 
evidence of a dearth of maps. Spread the 'get the map 
habit' idea among manufacturers, merchants, commer- 
cial organizations, and educational institutions, and the 
first step, and a very important one, in advancing 
American foreign-trade interests will have been taken." 

Accessions While the accessions have been small in numbers, those 

received are of considerable interest, such as: 

Arrowsmith, A. A map exhibiting all the new discoveries in the inte- 
rior parts of North America. With additions to 1822. 

Carwithan, I. Southeast view of the great town of Boston in New 
England in America. London, C. Bowles. [1769?] 

Cruz Cano y Olmedilla, J. de la. Mapa geografica de America Meridi- 
onal. 1775. (8 sheets) 

Denis, L. Carte du theatre de la guerre presente en Amerique. 1792. 

Durnford, E. A south view of the Havana from the hill called Jesus 
el Monte, col. ms. 

A southwest view of the city of Havana taken in front of the 
village of Guardeloup. ms. 

Escandon, J. de. Mapa de la Sierra Gorda. [1747 ?] ms. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 55 

Finiels, N. de. Carta de la provincia de Luisiana de la isla de Nueva Maps: 
Orleans, y de la Florida occidental. 1804. Photographic reproduc- 
tion from original in Madrid. 

Harris, M. Plan of ... Halifax in Nueva Scotia. 1749. Said to be 
the earliest engraved plan of Halifax. The only copy known is 
in the French foreign office, to which it was sent from London in 
1 749 by the French ambassador with a letter stating it is the first map 
of the town. The original ms. drawing is in the Canadian archives. 

Maire, N. Plan de la ville de Paris dresse geometriquement d'apres 
celui de la Grive avec ses changements et augmentations. 12. 
Paris, an xii. [1803-4] Detailed map of Paris, in 20 colored plates. 

Manuscript atlas of the Philippine islands. 4. [1767?] Contains 
numerous well executed maps, plans and views, in pen and ink, of 
cities, harbors and forts, including larger plans of Manila, Cavite, 
Fuerza de Zamba and others; also an extensive historical descriptive 
text relating to the Islands, with statistical tables and indexes. 

Marquette, J. Carte de la nouvelle decouverte que les r. p. iesuites ont 
fait en 1'annee 1672 et continuee par le r. pere Jacques Marquette ... 
accompagne de quelques francois en 1'annee 1673, qu'on pourra 
nommer la Manitoume. Photographic reproduction of original in 
the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris. 

Monteros y Abadia, A. E. de los. Piano topographico de la villa y corte 
de Madrid. Dibujado y gravado por d. Ant. Espinosa de los Mon- 
teros y Abadia, Academia de la Real de las nobles artes en Madrid, 
ano 1769. 9 sheets, each 24 x 34 inches. Engraved title, with large 
vignette in the upper right hand corner, containing dedication to the 
Conde de Aranda. with his portrait, and the Spanish coat of arms. 

Moseley. E. A new and correct map of the province of North Carolina. 
1733. Photographic reproduction of the reproduction in the Office 
of the Chief of Engineers, War Department. 

Plan of the county of Fairfax. [1749?] ms. Fairfax county was sepa- 
rated from Prince William in 1742 and included what was afterward 
Loudon. The whole formed Truro parish. In 1749, Cameron parish 
was cut off from it and was afterward in Loudon, when that county 
was separated from Fairfax in 1757. The parish of Truro was again 
divided in the year 1764. 

Purdy, J. A map of Cabotia comprehending the provinces of Upper 
and Lower Canada, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia, with Breton 
Island, Newfoundland, and including also the adjacent parts of the 
United States. London, 1814. 

Rueda, M. de. Atlas Americano desde la isla de Puerto Rico hasta el 
puerto de Vera Cruz. fol. 1766. 

Scott, J. An atlas of the United States. 12. Philadelphia, 1796. 

Texeira, P. Facsimil de la topographia de la villa de Madrid descripta 
por don Pedro Texeira, ano de 1656. La reproduccion se hizo en la 
Direccion general del Institute geografico y estadistico ... en el ano 
de 1881. 20 sheets, each 17^ x 22 inches. Engraved title, with 
elaborately illustrated dedication to "Philippo iv," accompanied 
by list of parishes, convents, hospitals, etc. 
16341 17 5 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 


King George col- 

Vizitelly, A. Fort Moultrie, Charleston harbor. 1861. col. ms. view. 

Fort Sumter, Charleston harbor. 1863. col. ms. view. 

Sketch of Charleston defences. 1863. col. ms. view. 
Wilkinson, R. New map of America. 1807. 

Worlidge, J. A new map of east and west New Jersey. By John 
Thornton, London, [n. d.] A survey of west New Jersey was made 
for Daniel Coxe by John Worlidge and John Budd in 1690-91. The 
original of this map was burned, but it had been copied by Lewis 
Morris in 1706, which copy was afterwards duplicated by David 
Jamison in 1713. In 1693, Worlidge 's name appears as one of the 
justices of the county court of Cape May county. On the map pub- 
lished by Thornton, annotations appear in regard to the bonds of 
Gov. Bass's first and second purchases of Indian lands. Jeremiah 
Bass was governor of West New Jersey for a short period in 1698- 
1699. Cf. Proceedings of the Surveyors' association of West New 
Jersey. 1880. 

Various publications are now ready for press, but under 
present conditions the Chief of the Division recommends 
only the following: "A list of atlases and maps applicable 
to the world war, " and "A descriptive list of maps and views 
of Washington and District of Columbia, including Mount 
Vernon. " 

So many requests were made at various times for copies 
of the engraved and manuscript maps described in "Cata- 
logue of maps, prints, drawings, etc. ... 2 v. London, 1829," 
known as "The King George Collection," that photographs 
have been secured of all (no less than 90 in number) not 
already in the Division of Maps. 


(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Sonneck) 
Accessions of the Music Division for the fiscal year ending June jo, 1917 








Music. ... 

20, 018 


2, 471 




23, 1:26 

Literature of music . . 










I, 146 


22, 468 


2. 775 




2<;, ^01 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 57 

Contents of the Music Division at the close of the fiscal year, June jo, 1917 

Music : 

The Division contained up to June 30, 1916, 

volumes and pieces 717, 739 

Accessions during the fiscal year, volumes and 

pieces.. 23,526 

Total on June 30, 1917 741, 265 

Literature of Music: 

The Division contained up to June 30, 1916, 

volumes and pamphlets 33, 848 

Accessions during the fiscal year i, 146 

Total on June 30, 191 7 34, 994 


The Division contained up to June 30, 1916, 

volumes and pieces 20, 033 

Accessions during the fiscal year 829 

Total on June 30, 1917 20, 862 

Grand total, volumes, pamphlets, etc 797, 121 

The accessions during the past fiscal year amounted to Mrac DIVISION: 


25,501 volumes, pamphlets and pieces (Music: 23,526; 
Literature of Music: 1,146; Musical Instruction: 829-53 
books proper, of which 16 are second copies.) This total 
includes 1,664 "Second copies" and 8,732 volumes and 
pieces marked "Reserve storage." 

The Music Division now contains (estimated) 797,121 contents 
volumes, pamphlets, and pieces (Music: 741,265, Litera- 
ture of Music: 34,994, including librettos; Musical Instruc- 
tion: 20,862, including teaching pieces, etudes, and other 
music of an instructive type.) 

Though acknowledged at the time, the gifts of rare Gifts 
periodical numbers by Messrs. George Fischer of J. Fischer 
& Bro., Ripley & Tapper, Lorenz, Salmaggi, The Oliver 
Ditson Co., the Theodore Presser Co., may be mentioned 
here, as also the gift by Mr. T. Carl Whitmer of the 
original manuscript of his "How lovely, Lord of Hosts," 
and "Remember now thy Creator," by Mr. Erwin 
Schneider of Ludwig Schneider's " Gregorianische Choralge- 
sange" and the original manuscript of his collected unpub- 

58 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

lisried harmonization of Gregorian hymns, by Messrs. J. 
Fischer & Bro. of a set of Norden's edition of Russian 
Church Music and of an early Andre edition of Haydn's 

Purchases f^e Library acquired during the past year original manu- 

scripts by- the following composers : Matthew Cooke ; W. H. 
Dayas; Theodore Dubois; G. Federlein; L. Ganne; Joseph 
Gould ; Gilbert Heathcote (volume of autograph part songs) ; 
P. Hillemacher; G. Hue; V. d'Indy; Leonardo Leo (volume 
of Introits, graduals, etc., signed and dated February-April, 
1744); Leoncavallo; A. Lowell; L. C. Mackenzie; Massenet; 
Mozart (Aria and rec. " Ergo interest-Qua re superna," 1770; 
Kochel no. 143; Wyzewa and Saint-Foix no. 79); R. Pappe- 
ritz; G. Pierne; G. O. Pitoni; E. F. Richter; F. L. Ritter; 
G. Ropartz; Saint-Saens; H. Schrimpf; Frank Taft; Abt 
Vogler (volume of 30 divertissements), and Samuel P. War- 
ren (1841-1915) at the auction of whose fine library the 
Library of Congress participated with success. 

Cummingssaie These manuscripts, with exception of course, of Leo, 
Mozart, Vogler, can not compare in value with a number 
of those historically important manuscripts acquired 
toward the end of the fiscal year at the sale of the library 
of the late W. H. Cummings, Mus. Doc., of London, one of 
the most important musical collections ever formed by pri- 
vate hands. Since, the items acquired have not all reached 
us, only the briefest summary can be given. It will speak 
for itself, and I need not point out how remarkably our col- 
lections will have increased in importance to scholars when 
once such rare and interesting books as are mentioned in 
the summary are on our shelves; for instance: 

Autograph scores by Abel; Arne; J. S. Bach; W. F. Bach; 
J. C. Bach; Balfe; Barthelemon; Bassani; Bennett; Bishop; 
Boyce; dementi; Cramer; Crotch; Field; Greene; Handel; 
Haydn; Haynes; Hook; Jomelli; Loder; Lotti; Meyerbeer; 
Pepusch; H. Purcell; Rossini; Schubert; Shield; Storace; 
Sullivan; Weber; S.Wesley; S. S. Wesley. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 59 

Printed works or manuscripts. Apollo's Banquet, 1690; 
Ariosti's Cantatas and lessons, [1728?]; Blow's Pleasant 
Musical companion, [17-]; Boyce's Peleus and Thetis (i8th 
cent, ms.); Carey's Six cantatas, 1732; a collection of 
1 80 loyal songs, 1685; Clarke's Choice lessons for the 
harpsichord, [16-]; Cooke's Directions for playing on the 
flute, 1730; Corbetta's Varii capricii, 1643; Couperin's 
L'art de toucher le clavecin, 1717; Croce's Geminate 
compendio, 1642; Davenant's Cruelty of the Spaniards 
in Peru, 1658; Den gheestelijeken nachtegael, 1634; 
d'Urfey's New collection of songs, 1683; Eccles' Musick- 
lector, 1667; Faber Stapulensis' Arithmatica decem libris 
demonstrata, 1496; Frescobaldi's Toccate e partite, 1615 and 
Primo libro delle canzone, 1628; Hasse's La Serva scaltra 
(i8th cent, ms.); Hofer's Tabiilatiir-Buch (ms. 1602); 
Jackson's Observations, 1791 (first ed.); six vols. of Kaps- 
berger's music, 1604-1612; Kirchenordnung, Wittemberg, 
J 539; de Saint- Lambert's Les principes du clavecin, 1702; 
Le Jeune's Meslanges de musique, etc., 1 606-18 (complete); 
Litanies for the use of Dominican nuns (i4th cent, ms.); 
Locke's Observations upon a late book, 1672, and Melothesia, 
1673; Marenzio's Quinto libro de madrigali, 1588; Matteis' 
Arie diverse, 1685; Mattheson's Pieces de clavecin, 1714; 
Melissus' Psalmen Davids, 1572; Morland's Tuba Stentoro- 
Phonica, 1672; Mozart's Six sonatas, [London, 17-]; Muel- 
ler's Der Geistlichen Erquick-Stunden, 1691; Muffaf's 
Florilegium primum, 1695; Newte's Lawfulness and use of 
organs, 1701; H. Playford's Banquet of musick, 1688; 
J. Playford's Cantica sacra, 1662-74, his Musick's delight 
on the cithren, 1666, his Catch that catch can, 1667 and 
his Musick's hand-maid, 1678; The Whole book of psalms 
(R. Everingham), 1688; Marot and de Beza's Pseaumes, 
1566 and 1608; a number of original eds. of Dan. Purcell's 
music; H. Purcell's Songs in the Indian queen, 1695, his 
Choice collection of lessons for harpsichord, 1696, his Ten 

60 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

sonatas, 1697, and his and Blow's Jovial companion (Walsh's 
ed.); Ravencroft's Deuteromalia, 1609, and Whole book of 
psalmes, 1621; Reggie's Songs (1679); Collection of Russian 
popular songs, St. Petersburg, 1806; Salter's Genteel com- 
panion, 1683; D. Scarlatti's xui suites de pieces pour le 
clavecin, [17-] and Chefs d'oeuvre for the harpsichord 
(Clementi), [18-]; Scelta de canzonette italiane, London, 
1679; Scheidt's Concertum sacrorum vocum, 1622, and 
Tabulatura nova, 1624; a miscellaneous ms. collection of 
Shakespeare music; Greene's Amoretti, [17-]; The Spinnet 
or Musical miscellany, 1750; Synopsis of vocal musick by 
A. B. Philo-Mus., 1624; Frizzoni's Testimoniaunza, Cel- 
lerina, 1789; Thesaurus musicus, 2d and 3d eds. ; Veracini's 
Senate, op. i-n, 1744; Voigtlander's Allerhand oden und 
lieder, 1647; Warren's Tonometer, 1725; Wither-Gibbons' 
Hymns and songs of the Church, 1623. 

Among acquisitions of note not acquired at the Cummings 
sale, were the following: Amsterdamsche Pegasus, 1627; 
Antiphonarium, Lugduni, 1699; Apollo's Feast, Second 
Book, [17-] (Walsh no. 337) ; Bailey's New Harmony of Zion, 
Newbury Port, 1788; Battishill's Select pieces for the organ 
or pianoforte [1805?]; Bennier's Cantates f ran poises, [1706- 
13], 4 v. ; Het boek der psalmen, Amsteldam, 1778 ; B. Carr's 
Musical journal, Philadelphia, 1800 (complete first vol.); 
Chapin and Dickinson's Musical instructor, 1810; Clari's 
Sei madrigali (London, 1765?); W. Cooper's The beauties 
of church music, Boston, 1804; Corelli's Sonate, op. I 
[-iv], London, Johnson, 17- and his Concerti grossi, Am- 
sterdam, Roger [1712?]; Directorium chori, Romae, 1668; 
The fashionable preceptor for the pf., London, 18-; The 
First church collection of sacred musick, Boston, 1805; 
Funk's Die allgemein niitzliche choral music, Harrisonburg, 
1816; Thomas Greeting's Pleasant companion, 2nd ed., 
1673; Haydn's Armida (transcript of the full score); 
Holden's Worcester collection, Boston, 1803; B. Holt Jun. 's 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 61 

The Xew England sacred harmony, Boston, 1803; The 
Island princess, London, 1699 (libretto) ; L 'Affilard 's Prin- 
cipes faciles, 1705; Andrew Law's Art of singing (Composite 
second ed., 1794-99) and his Select harmony, Farmington, 
1779; Little and Gardner's A collection of sacred hymns for 
the use of the Latter Day Saints, Bellows Falls, 1844; 
Little and Smith's Easy instructor, Albany [1798?] (ed. 
complete with 104 p. and also that complete with 112 p.); 
Mattheson's De eruditione musica; Motteux's Love's tri- 
umph, London, 1708; Mouret's L 'amour et 1 'hymen, 17- 
and other cantatilles; Mozart-Lachnith 's Les mysteres 
d'Isis, Paris, [1801]; many hundreds of Xew York concert 
and opera programs accumulated during half a century by 
the late Samuel P. Warren; a valuable lot of i8th cent. 
Portuguese opera librettos; Xieuwenhuysen's Stigtelijke 
digtstukjes, Utrecht, 1788; De C L psalmen des propheten 
Davids, Amsterdam, 1744; Les psaumes de David, Amster- 
dam, 1708; Lespseaumes de David . . . approuves par le 
Synode Walon des Provinces-unies, Amsterdam, 1754; 
Rameau's Treatise of music, London, [1737]; Daniel Read's 
Columbian harmonist, Boston, 1810; John Reading's Book 
of new anthems, 17-; Roman antiphonary, ms. on vellum, 
late 1 2th cent.; Ruiz de Ribayaz, Lvz y norte mvsical para 
caminar pot las cifras de la guitarra espanola, Madrid, 1677; 
William Thomason's ms. book of psalm-tunes, (Vermont), 
1752; Burk Thumoth's Forty-eight English, Irish and Scotch 
airs, London, [1785]; Troparion (Greek ms. with neumes on 
vellum, end of i2th cent.); Verhandeling over de musiek, 
's Gravenhage, 1772; The village harmony, nth ed., New- 
buryport, 1812; C. M. von Weber's Hymne "In seiner Ord- 
nung," Berlin, [1812?] (first ed.); J. X. Wainright's Set of 
chants, Boston, 1819; H. Waters' Heavenly echoes, Xew 
York, 1867. 

An item of purchase remains to be reported which was out 
of the ordinary in every respect. It was offered as the 

62 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

" musical estate of Anthony Philip Heinrich." One would 
look in vain for this name in the histories of music in 
America, now most before the public. Yet he was a com- 
manding figure in his day in the American musical world. 
In the forties and fifties of the last century festivals on a 
"grand scale" were devoted to his music in New York, 
Boston, Philadelphia, and he was not unknown in Europe, 
where his music was performed in concerts at London, 
Dresden, Prague, Graz. Born to affluence in Bohemia in 
1781, "Father Heinrich" as he came to be familiarly 
known, except when some hyper-enthusiast preferred to 
call him the "Beethoven of America," died in extreme 
poverty in New York in 1861 after one of the strangest 
lives in the annals of music. Heinrich did not begin to 
compose until 1818, when he had retired to Bardstown, 
Kentucky, after his failure in business a few years previous. 
Then he began to write music in amazing quantities, of peculiar 
quality and of unlimited ambition. Hundreds of his minor 
works for the voice or pianoforte were published in America, 
but all his larger scores remained unpublished. Nor is this 
surprising : about the year 1 830 Heinrich began to compose 
here in America for an orchestra every bit as extravagant 
as that of Berlioz. Unfortunately the musical ideas back 
of his orchestration were an ingrown development of the 
style prevalent among the imitators of Haydn. To this 
must be added a fatal tendency to write programmatic 
music of the descriptive variety. Thus his huge scores 
were destined, contrary to his own expectations and those 
of the many admirers of this eccentric and yet so child like 
genius, to so speedy an oblivion that, as stated above, our 
current histories of music in America are silent on the 
historically most important American composer of the first 
half of the nineteenth century, he was important also for 
the fact that, though not the first to recognize the North 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 63 

American Indian as a fit subject for music, he was the first 
to do so in symphonic and choral works of large dimensions 
calling for an orchestra of almost Richard Straussian pro- 
portions, and indeed the first to show, as a symphonic 
composer, pronounced nationalistic aspirations. 

It is, therefore, worthy of special note that the Library of 
Congress quite unexpectedly (for a slight consideration) 
gained possession of the bulky volume of Heinrich's "Memo- 
randa" (letters, programs, and clippings from newspapers), 
of many of his published compositions not in our regular 
files and of most of the unpublished scores mentioned in the 
'Nomenclature" of his works drawn up by him about 
1857. ^ n d of these manuscript scores the majority are 
in Heinrich's own hand, including, for example, his "The 
Columbiad; grand American national chivalrous symphony, " 
"The Columbiad or Migration of American wild passenger 
pigeons, a characteristic symphony." "Homage a la Bo- 
heme; grande simphonie bohemienne," "The hunters of 
Kentucky; sinfonia di caccia," "The Indian carnival; or 
The Indian's festival of dreams. Sinfonia eratico-fan- 
taschia [!]" "The Indian war council. Gran concerto 
bellico . . . for 41 instrumental parts," "The Jagers adieu. 
Scored for 32 instruments," "Concerto grosso Johannisberg; 
or The festival of the vintagers on the Rhine," "The jubilee; 
a grand national song of triumph," "Manitou mysteries; or 
The voice of the Great Spirit. Gran sinfonia misteriosa 
indiana," "The Mastodon; a grand symphony in three parts," 
"National memories; an heroic overture," "The ornitho- 
logical combat of kings; or The condor of the Andes and the 
eagle of the Cordilleras. A grand symphony," "Pocahontas, 
the royal Indian maid and the heroine of Virginia, the pride 
of the wilderness. Fantasia romanza," "Schiller; grande 
sinfonia dramatica," "To the spirit of Beethoven; the monu- 
mental symphony," "A grand oratorical divertissement: 
The tower of Babel; or The languages confounded." "The 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 



treaty of William Penn with the Indians; concerto grosso," 
"The wild wood spirits' chant; or Scintillations of Yankee 
Doodle, forming a grand national heroic fantasia scored for 
a powerful orchestra in 44 parts." 

During the past fiscal year 60,670 cards were added to 
our catalogues as against 31,188 in 1916. Of the total 
57,981 cards (49,485 of which belong to the sub-class M) 
were prepared in this Division and were not supplied by the 
Catalogue Division. The total includes 3,552 cards written 
as usual for our Index to current musical periodicals; it does 
not include shelf -list cards, and the like. 

The impressive total of cards represents largely bound 
sheet music copyrighted between 1820 and 1860., We have 
now reached the year 1854 and presumably the remaining 
third of this material would have been disposed of, too, had 
not unexpected changes of personnel interfered seriously with 
this work, obviously important but deferred from year to 
year by sheer force of circumstances. 

The music class catalogue was revised completely with a 
view to increased usefulness . to the public and ourselves. 
The technical problems involved were many and complex. 
By devising a special scheme of distribution of cards to be 
filed in this catalogue, it is hoped that administrative work 
in connection with it has now become easy. 

It was further considered advisable to facilitate 'public 
use of our music catalogue (puzzling to the public from the 
very nature of music whatever method be adopted) by 
separating music entries into these distinct catalogues: 
i, Composer; 2, Class; 3, Titles; 4, First lines; 5, Authors 
of texts. For reasons of convenience, also a separate 
catalogue of American sheet music publications before 1 860 
is kept. 

There have been classified 10,249 pieces of sheet music 
published in America 1860-1869. This now narrows the 
arrears of unclassified minor copyright music down to the 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 65 

years 1870 to about 1897. With exception of this material, 
practically all our music is now classified hence readily 
accessible on the shelves. Though the pieces number many 
thousands, the prospect of clearing the arrears within a few 
years is bright. Current music is classified daily. The 
classification of certain groups, church music and national 
music, was revised either completely, or in partial adjustment 
to the development of the cataloguing project. 

The Shakespeare exhibit was continued, but was replaced 
at the end of the fiscal year by one presumably the first of 
its kind, at least on this scale of "Original manuscripts of 
American composers.'' More than 100 American com- 
posers, from the time of Alexander Reinagle (1756-1809) 
to date, are represented, each by one work. Most of the 
works exhibited were selected from the vastly larger col- 
lection of such manuscripts presented to the Library by the 
composers or their publishers during the last 15 years. The 
exhibit, if it receives deserved publicity, will act as a stim- 
ulus to composers and publishers who have not yet made 
their contribution to the national collection, either because 
they have not yet been approached in the matter or have 
not yet sent their promised gifts. A few of the scores ex- 
hibited belong, not to the Library but to the National 
Federation of Music Clubs, which, through the initiative of 
Mrs. James O. Dickens, of Mobile, Ala., is beginning to 
accumulate original manuscripts of American composers for 
deposit in the Library of Congress. 

In the Main Exhibition Halls the Music Division has a 
miscellaneous exhibit of original manuscripts of European 
composers. The one of rare printed music and books on 
music in the Music Division proper has been continued. 

In addition to the foregoing, Mr. Sonneck has submitted 
a special memorandum upon the situation and needs in the 
Music Division. A large portion of it is devoted to ques- 

66 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

tions of administration. Among the more general observa- 
tions I quote the following : 

"I had calculated that by the end of 1917 the collec- 
tion in custody of the Music Division would surely have 
become second to none as a general international col- 
lection. The war has somewhat upset this calculation, 
yet not enough to modify my opinion that, inclusive of 
the marooned German orders of 1914-15, our collection' 
of music and books on music is now surpassed as a gen- 
eral international collection perhaps by Berlin alone, 
certainly not by the British Museum and still less by 
other libraries. Of course we must concede our abso- 
lute inferiority to the British Museum and to the insti- 
tutions at Berlin, Vienna, Munich, Paris, Brussels, and 
elsewhere in certain special fields, but if comparisons 
are made we may very properly fall back on our musical 
Americana, in which our superiority is just as absolute. 

"The organic development of the collection has 
reached a point where further development will largely 
depend on clearing my compilations of desiderata not 
yet ordered or received, on chance in the matter of 
rarities and on expert routine in the matter of current 
publications. It would be unsafe to attempt such 
development without expert professional guidance. In 
the absence of such guidance I suggest the policy of 
resting at arms and restricting purchases to obviously 
advisable or necessary items until expert guidance is 
again available. 

"When the time for a resumption of the policy of 
organic development arrives, I suggest that Works for 
chorus (sacred and secular), Oratorios (transcripts), 
etc., would seem to call for early consideration as also 
our collection of National music and folk-music. The 
latter is already very substantial but does not measure 
up to what it might be and what it was my plan to 
make it in the near future. 

"While our collection of British music prior to 1800 
in view of the historical basis of musical life in 
America has been developed assiduously, I held back 
on German music prior to Bach because of visions 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 67 

of an en bloc purchase in the not too distant 
future. The same applies in a way to fearly French 
music, though the opportunities will probably be 

"A similar en Woe vision explains why we have not yet 
acquired to any noteworthy extent portraits, papers, 
letters, and memorabilia of musicians. In the case of 
portraits there was also the danger of duplication, 
since many such portraits are simply torn out of books, 
etc., as the finding list of the portraits in the Music Divi- 
sion will show. 

"Our collection of specimen autograph scores of Autograph 

- . .... ,. scores 

foreign composers is beginning to show contours. It 
will be easy to keep track of such composers of dis- 
tinction as are not yet represented at all or not ade- 
quately. I make a special plea for acquiring, if finan- 
cially and otherwise possible, a complete work by 
Beethoven, a mature work by Mozart, and a Wagner 
in addition to the little album leaf and at least one 
complete score by all other great composers of the front 

" I do not doubt that our already significant collection 
of original manuscripts of American composers can be 
at least doubled. 

"It has been the policy during the last 15 years 
to collect comprehensively the published works of new 
composers who have 'arrived,' are about to 'arrive,' 
or who have created controversial discussion of their 
tendencies. The Library of Congress has come to be 
known universally among the cognoscenti as the place 
where a thorough study of the works of new men is 
likely to be possible. It would be a pity if this policy 
did not become traditional and a mistake, because our 
impressive total of purchases of old (but once new) 
music and books on music foreshadows how enormously 
costly it would be in one or more hundred years from 
now to assemble for purposes of adequate study the 
works of composers who flourished from about 1 800 on. 

"Xot all modern composers of eminence are as yet 
adequately represented, but my successor will find it 
comparatively easy by a study of our bibliographi- 

68 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

cal reference works and biographies, in books or maga 
zines, to continue to fill in gaps. Special care should 
be taken after return of peace to catch up with desira- 
ble music and books on music published in Continental 
Europe during the war. 

"Historical publications. The one big task that I 
had set for myself personally for the future was a com- 
plete analytical catalogue of the historical publications 
of old music in continuation, more or less, of Eitner's 
similar work. I discussed this plan, during my last 
visit to Europe with some of the foremost musical 
scholars of Europe and they urged me to undertake it. 
This remark is inserted here merely to illustrate the 
importance of such a work from the point of view of 
practical experts. 

"I think that sets like the several 'Denkmaler,' etc., 
are too valuable to be left unrepresented by printed 
cards with contents." 

(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Slade) 

^ e numDer of current periodicals received through the 
Periodical Division this past year was 7,712. During the 
spring of 1916 periodicals published in Germany and Austria 
ceased coming, and lack of receipts from these countries 
reduces both the number of different periodicals received 
and the whole number of separate items received. The 
number of journals published in countries of the Central 
Powers which the Library normally receives is a few over 500. 
The number of periodicals currently received (7,712 as given 
above) includes second copies of periodicals taken up from 
the Copyright Office, now 1,254 i n number, and 927 journals 
deposited by the Smithsonian Institution. In these statis- 
tics no account is taken of official documentary serials, nor 
of yearbooks, almanacs, annual reports, and other serials 
of a similar nature handled in other divisions of the Library. 
If material of this kind, in other libraries sometimes called 
"periodical" and counted as such, were also included, the 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 69 

total periodical receipts of the Library would reach a far 
greater number. 

The whole number of periodicals received in the Periodical 
Division, less than the number received during recent years 
because of the cessation of receipts from the Central Powers, 
was 108,528 (last year, 123,514). 

New titles were added during the year, through sources 
as specified, as follows: Copyright, 245; gift, 446; subscrip- 
tion, 39; Smithsonian Institution, 154. 

The number of newspapers received is 882, of which 792 
are American and 90 foreign. Of the American newspa- 
pers received 594 are published daily and 198 weekly. Of 
the foreign newspapers received 77 are daily and 13 weekly. 

The number of newspapers retained for binding is as A ' cu ' s 


follows: American, 219; foreign, 77; total, 296. This total 
is somewhat less than that of last year, seven German news- 
papers and four Austrian newspapers on our usual binding 
list having stopped coming in March, 1916. 

The binding during the year was as follows : Newspapers, 
2,900 volumes; periodicals, 4,479 volumes. (Last year: 
Newspapers, 949 volumes; periodicals, 4,272 volumes). 
The increase in the amount of newspaper binding results 
from the binding of arrears on hand at the commencement 
of the year. 

During the year 6,183 volumes of newspapers and 12,111 
volumes of periodicals were served to readers. (Last year, 
7,257 volumes of newspapers and 12,965 volumes of peri- 
odicals.) The number of bound volumes of periodicals 
served to readers represents only the service from chapter 
AP, or the chapter in the Library classification which con- 
tains general periodical material. If the service from the 
other chapters in the Library classification containing special 
periodical material were included the figures would be very 
much greater. Statistics are not kept, and are hardly pos- 
sible, of the use in the Periodical Reading Room of unbound 

yo Report of the Librarian of Congress 

and current material, including both newspapers and peri- 

A most gratifying fact to be chronicled in connection with 
this exhibition of statistics is the cordial interest manifested 
by publishers in the maintenance of our receipts of current 
material this in the face of existing print paper conditions. 
Free lists of many newspapers have been suspended, but in 
reply to our letters publishers have very generally stated 
almost invariably so in the case of papers most in demand 
that exception would be made in favor of the Library of 
Congress, while other publishers, if suspending free lists at 
all, continued sending issues to us as formerly. The result 
has been that our customary receipts of newpapers have 
continued almost unabated, while the flow of periodical 
material coming as a gift has steadily continued. 
Newspaper Among American eighteenth century newspapers acquired 


is a file of the City Gazette and Daily Advertiser, of Charleston, 
S. C., for January i-December 24, 1796, published by 
Freneau & Paine. For the greater part, however, recent 
additions of American eighteenth century newspapers have 
been by single numbers. This must be the usual manner of 
increase, for our collection in this department is now so 
large that the longer runs needed for it are, ordinarily, only 
those infrequently offered for sale, and much desired by 
collectors. Among numbers added are the following: 
Alexandria Advertiser, May 20, 1797;- Maryland Journal, and 
Baltimore Advertiser, 6 numbers in 1777; November 9, 1778 
(Extraordinary issue); Boston Chronicle, January 4 and 22, 
1770; Continental Journal and Weekly Advertiser, Boston, 
May 28, 1778, September 16, 1779; Exchange Advertiser, 
Boston, September i, 1785; Boston Gazette, or Weekly 
Journal, July 21, 1747; Independent Chronicle and Universal 
Advertiser, Boston, 19 numbers in 1786; Independent Ledger, 
and the American Advertiser, Boston, 5 numbers in 1778; 
Massachusetts Spy, Boston, April n and July 25, 1771; 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 71 

Mercury, Boston, April 29, 1794; Boston News-Letter, 
October 15, 1761; Federal Galaxy, Brattlebo rough, Sep- 
tember 20 and November 22, 1800; Royal South Carolina 
Gazette, Charleston,. March 28, September 12, and supple- 
ment to March 5, 1782; American Recorder, and the Charles- 
toii'n Advertiser, Charlestown, Mass., 4 numbers in 1786; 
Freeman's Oracle, and New-Hampshire Advertiser, Exeter. 
September 19, 1786; Greenfield Gazette, May 12, 1796; 
Connecticut Courant, Hartford, April 14, 1772; Guardian of 
Freedom, Haverhill, October n, 1793; Newhampshire Sen- 
tinel, Keene, 5 numbers in 1799 and 2 in 1800; Rising Sun, 
Keene, February 17, 1798; Connecticut Gazette, New Haven, 
December 27, 1765, and February 19, 1768; Connecticut 
Journal, and New-Haven Post Boy, January 15, 22, 29, 1768, 
August 17, 1770, May 15, 22, 1772, September 3, November 
26, December 10, 17, 1773, March 4, April i, 1774, January 
18, 1775; Con necticut Journal, New Haven, April 10, 1776; 
New-Haven Gazette, and the Connecticut Magazine, 10 num- 
bers in 1788; Connecticut Gazette, and the Universal Intelli- 
gencer, New London, June 6, 1777; Connecticut Gazette, 
New London, 4 numbers in 1795; New York Journal, or 
General Advertiser, 41 numbers and supplements in 1767; 
Newport Mercury, December 6, 1783; Norwich Packet, 
March 16, October 2, November 6, 1775; Providence Gazette 
and Country Journal, June 4, 1785, 10 numbers in 1787, 
August 31, 1793; Providence Gazette, 25 numbers in 1795, 
1 1 numbers in 1796, 5 numbers in 1797, 7 numbers in 1798, 
1 8 numbers in 1799, 28 numbers in 1800; United States 
Chronicle, Providence, September 13 and November 29, 
1787, 4 numbers in 1796; Argus, Putney, May 18, 25, and 
July 27, 1797, September 22 and October 20, 1798; New- 
hampshire Journal: or, the Farmer's Weekly Museum, Wai- 
pole, May 2 and June 27, 1793. 

16341 17 6 

72 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Among other newspapers coming to the Library were 
scattering numbers of the Neivhampshire Sentinel, Keene, 
1802-1810, Emancipator, New York, 1835-1850, Ports- 
mouth, N. H. Journal, 1836-1853, Providence Gazette, 1801- 
1804, Providence Patriot, 1814, and Springfield Republican, 
1838-1842; and in addition, the National Guard, Camp 
Pennsylvania, Baltimore, June 26 and July 4, 1861 ; Christian 
Banner, Fredericksburg, Va., May 20, 1862; Clarion, Jack- 
son, Miss., October 25, 1866; New Orleans Daily Crescent, 
December 28, 1860; Courrier des Opelousas, April 18, 1863; 
Grant's Petersburg Progress, Petersburg, Va., April 3, 1865; 
Southern Statesman, Portsmouth, Va., May 21, 1857; Rich- 
mond Whig and Public Advertiser, April 14, 1857, and Febru- 
ary 28, 1860; Daily Evening Citizen, Vicksburg, October 17, 
1860; Winchester Army Bulletin, Winchester, Tenn., July 
ii and 17, 1863; Ohio Review, Cuyahoga Falls, November 
30, 1 833-December 12, 1834; Rockingham Register and Ad- 
vertiser, Harrisonburg, Va., scattering numbers, 1860-1863, 
and files for October 14, i869~October 17, 1873, November 
14, i878-June 23, 1881, October 23, i884-October 14, 1886, 
October 20, i887-October 11, 1889; Kingston, N. Y., Demo- 
cratic Journal, April 28, i852-April 19, 1854, November 24, 
1 858-November 14, 1860; Political Reformer, Kingston, 
N. Y., May 29, 1 839-November 18, 1840; Rondout, N. Y., 
Courier, April 3, i868-October 8, 1869; Sentinel of the Valley, 
Woodstock, Va., July i, i826-June 20, 1828. 

Foreign newspapers added to our collections include vol- 
umes of the Algemeen Handelsblad, Amsterdam, 1828-1904, 
making our file of this important journal complete from the 
beginning; a run of the Royal Gazette, Fredericton, New 
Brunswick, November 2, i836-October 31, 1838, and two 
runs of the Head Quarters, also of Fredericton, October 12, 
i853-December 26, 1855, January 2, i86i-December 24, 
1862, containing interesting comment on contemporary 
events in the United States; Lewis Goldsmith's publication, 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 73 

the Anti-Gallican Monitor and Anti-Corsican Chronicle, 
London, January 2, i8i4-January 8, 1815; Bell's Weekly 
Messenger, London, 1820, 1822, 1823, 1826; London Chron- 
icle, July 5-December 29, 1787, December 30, 1797-June 
30, 1798; Courier, London, June ^-December 31, 1807, 
March 2-December 19, 1808; General Evening Post, London, 
December 31, 1 793-December 30, 1794; and numbers of 
Le Manifeste, Le Patriotc. and Le Temps, Port-au-Prince, 
Hayti, for various dates in the period 1841-1843. 

The thoughtful generosity of Mr. Frank A. Munsey 
brought to the Library 325 bound volumes of the New 
York Sun covering the period 1885-1916, inclusive. The 
volumes are in excellent condition, a condition far superior 
to that of those already on our shelves. Duplication of a 
paper in such constant use is more than desirable, and the 
gift is a most acceptable one. 

Through the gift of Mr. Jasper J. Mayer, the Library 
possesses a collec ion of various humorous journals, posters, 
bulletins, and mwspapers issued in Petrograd during the 
Russian revolution of the spring of the present year. 

Only a few periodical accessions are here mentioned : 

The Illustrated Chicago Xeu-s, April 24-June 13, 1868, 
containing drawings by Thomas Xast, is an acquisition of 
considerable bibliographical rarity. 

The Morning Star, published in Limerick, Maine, and later 
in Dover, New Hampshire, November 2, i826-Febraary 20, 
1834, 144 numbers, added to files already in the Library. 
This journal was a Freewill Baptist organ. Brewster, in 
his " Life of William Burr," who for a considerable period 
was its editor, says it was largely due to the Star that New 
Hampshire was lost to the pro-slavery party in 1 846, and John 
P. Hale elected to the L : nited States Senate. The Library 
already possessed the paper for that year. 

Blagdon's Weekly Political Register, London, vols. 1-3, 
no. 4, October 4, iSog-January 23, 1811, brings to the 

74 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Library an item infrequently found. It was the personal 
organ of William Blagdon, at one time associated with the 
Morning Post. Printed in the same manner as Cobbett's 
Register, and in opposition to Cobbett, Blagdon's Weekly 
Political Register contains a series of articles bearing the title 
"Biographical memoirs of William Cobbett, the Hampshire 
demagogue." The animus of the series is apparent from the 
title. The Dictionary of National Biography says that 
"Blagdon's Weekly Political Register never seems to have 
appeared." The Library has acquired a complete file. 

Politics for the People, London, nos. 1-17, May 6-July 29, 
1848, another acquisition of political material, contains 
"Letters to the Chartists" and other articles by Charles 
Kingsley offered under the pseudonym of "Parson Lot." 
Archdeacon Hare, Sir Arthur Helps, and Professor Conington 
were among the other contributors to this journal. 

In addition, the Library acquired, among other periodical 
items, the Hive, Lancaster, Pa., vols. 1-2, no. 51, 1803- 
1805; Hutchings.' California Holiday Pictorial, San Fran- 
cisco, Christmas, 1857, and New Year, 1858; Illuminator, 
Boston, scattering numbers, 1835-1837; Ladies' Magazine 
and Album, Boston, vols. 10-11, 1848; Methodist Preacher, 
Boston, vols. 1-2, 1830-1831; Portsmouth Weekly Magazine, 
Portsmouth, N. H., vol. i, nos. 5-50, 54, 1825; Rural Re- 
pository, Hudson, N. Y., 1830-1831; Seventh-Day Baptist 
Memorial, New York, vols. 1-3, 1852-1854; Varieties, San 
Francisco, scattering numbers, 1858-1862; Britannic Maga- 
zine, London, vol. 12, nos. 164-185, 1806-1807; Cheap Maga- 
zine, Haddington, vols. 1-2, 1813-1814; Monthly Literary 
Advertiser, London, nos. 21-80, 1807-1811; Monthly Maga- 
zine, London, n. s., vol. 3, 1827; Museum, London, vols. 1-2, 
n. s., vol. i, nos. 1-7, 1823-1824; Sea-Pie, London, vol. i, 
1842; Ilustracion Historica Argentina, Buenos Aires, afio 
1-2, 1908-1910; Revista de Telegrafo, Madrid, vols. 8-13, 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 75 

1868-1873; Revista National, Buenos Aires, vols. 1-46, 1886- 
1910; Rivista d'Arte, Florence, anno 2-9, 1904-1916. 

During the year, 294 memoranda were compiled in answer Researck 

other -work 

to questions submitted by correspondents. The greater part 
of the activity of the Periodical Division, so far as it touches 
research and reference work, involves offhand response to 
inquiries, and service of material, either as it may be specifi- 
cally called for, or as it may, through descriptions furnished, 
seem to meet the needs of investigators working in particular 
fields. Record of work of this kind can hardly be kept. Its 
bulk has greatly increased on account of the new war activi- 
ties of the Government through its usual organization and 
through the new agencies established, multiplying the day- 
to-day calls upon us. 

(From the report of the Acting Chief, Professor Rice) 

The increase of the collection has been : 

By copyright... 3,358 

By purchase 706 

By gift 558 

By transfer 382 

By exchange 36 

The collection of prints now numbers 397,945. 




During the year the purchase of prints for the Library of 
Congress collection has been limited to examples of the 
American, Dutch, English, French and German schools. 

Among the notable accessions to the Gardiner Greene 
Hubbard collection are twenty-five prints of the "Liber 
studiorum" by J. M. \V. Turner, mostly in the first state, 
and excellent impressions; twenty-four etchings and dry- 
points by van 'sGravesande, a Dutch artist of distinction; 
twenty proofs by Charles A. Platt, the American etcher and 
architect; also fine examples of the work of Haden, Fitton, 

j6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Lalanne, Legros, Millet, Palmer, Webster and Zilcken; in all, 
one hundred and sixty-two prints have been added. 

As the mats hitherto used were too thin to protect ade- 
quately the engraved surface of the prints and had to be 
replaced constantly, owing to the slight resistance to tearing, 
a stouter mat of better quality has been selected. The finer 
and more valuable prints will gradually be rematted in this 
new board, and as it is of a more agreeable tone than the old 
white board, the effect of such prints as are placed on exhi- 
bition is correspondingly heightened, and this has been 
mentioned with appreciation by many visitors. 

The causes alluded to in last year's report as prevent- 
ing the addition of many books of signal importance to the 
Division of Prints seem to have prevailed in even greater 
force during the past year. Certain it is that very few of 
the items recommended for purchase have as yet reached 
the Library shelves. As is natural under the conditions of 
a great war, a diminishing number of books o'n the subject 
of art are written, and of these not many find a publisher 
unless related in some way to the war. Conspicuous among 
them are a number of books dealing with the architecture 
and art of Belgium, some of a purely popular character, oth- 
ers the fruit of painstaking research, stimulated by the 
determination to preserve the record of whatever is monu- 
mental in that long-suffering country. 

During the year we have secured a complete set of the 
Bulletin Monumental, numbering eighty-one volumes. 

The following additional titles may be noted: Francis 
Bond, "Church art in England"; Ezra Pound, "Gaudier 
Brzeska: his life and work" ; Arthur Gardner, " French sculp- 
ture of the i3th century"; Raymond Cox, "Soieries d'art," 
101 plates; Maurice Drake, "Saints and their emblems"; 
Theodore Duret, "Whistler"; E. P. Evans, "Animal sym- 
bolism in ecclesiastical architecture"; A. Goffin, "Saint 
Francois d'Assise"; Kate Greenaway, "Almanacs," and 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 77 

other illustrated books; T.G.Jackson, "Gothic architecture 
in France, England, and Italy"; J. S. Lewis, "Old glass and 
how to collect it"; F. P. B. Osmaston, "Art and genius of 
Tintoret"; Octave Mirbeau, "Cezanne,"' Paris,-i9i4. 

Each of the belligerents has published a large number of 
war posters, of more or less artistic design. Of these we have 
been able to acquire a fairly representative selection, which 
have been mounted in a way suitable for inspection and 

Among the gifts should be noted the following: 

1. Forty-six engravings by Alfred Jones, noted engraver 
of the American School. Presented by his daughter, Miss 
E. M. Jones, Yonkers. 

2. Twenty-eight engraved bookplates. Presented by J. 
and E. Bumpus, London. 

3. Seven wood engravings by Fritz Endell, New York. 
Presented by the artist. 

4. Rubbing of the Xestorian Monument, Sianfu, China, 
8th century. Presented by Dr. Berthold Laufer, Chicago. 

The transfers from other institutions and from other 
divisions of the Library included: 

1. Fourteen etchings by Haden and Lalanne from the 
Reading Room. 

2. Thirty-six photographs of the Panama Canal from the 
Department of State. 

3. Twelve photographs of public buildings in Montevideo, 

The following were received by exchange : 

Eleven Russian war posters from Hamilton College, Clin- 
ton, X. Y. 

The following exhibitions were put in place during the EiH>it*m 
year : 

i . Collection of sixty-one medallic portraits of celebrated 
personages of the Renaissance period, by some of the well- 
known Italian sculptors of that time, such as Antonio Pisano 

7 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

called Pisanello (1380-1450); Matteo de Fasti (ca. 1446-); 
Sperandio (ca. 1440-1528); Niccolo Florentine (1430-1499); 
Leone Leoni (1509-); Giovanni Boldu (/L 1457-1 466); 
Andriano Fiorentino (ca. 1490-); Costanza (ft. 1481); Fran- 
cesco Raibolini, called Francia (1450-1517); Giovanni An- 
tonio de Rossi (ca. 1517-1575). 

2. Selection of Chinese books and manuscripts from the 
Orientalia Section. This exhibition was prepared under the 
direction of Dr. Walter T. Swingle, of the Department of 
Agriculture. It includes 50 items classed under the heads 
of: Early printed books, gazetteers, largest books in the 
world, treatises on natural history, works on seals, stone 
classics, epigraphy, modern Chinese books, and some mis- 
cellaneous items. 

The early Chinese books comprise eleven, printed before 
the discovery of printing in Europe. One of them, the 
Pai k'ung liu t'ieh was apparently printed before 1190, 
possibly during the Chien Yen period (1127-31), in which 
case it is the oldest book in America. The three largest 
works in the world, represented by a few sample volumes, 
contain, respectively, 5,020, 22,937 an d 35,000 volumes. 
Another noteworthy work exhibited is a palace edition on 
rites and ceremonies, written by the first Ming emperor, 
T'ai Tsu (1368-1398) and published in 1530. 

3. Recent accessions to the Gardiner Greene Hubbard 
collection, numbering 162 etchings, dry-points, mezzotints, 
etc. , purchased with the income of the Mrs. Gardiner Greene 
Hubbard Fund. They comprise works of some of the repre- 
sentative artists of the modern schools, such as: Bejot, 
Bracquemond, Benson, Buhot, Fitton, 'sGravesande, Haden, 
Howarth, Lalanne, Legros, Lepere, Palmer, Platt, Roth, J. 
Andre Smith, etc., and 25 plates from Turner's "Liber 

4. Permanent exhibit in the southwest pavilion, second 
floor, illustrating the most important processes of the 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 79 

graphic arts and some of the photo-mechanical processes, 
such as: Wood engraving; Line and Stipple engraving; 
Etching, including Soft-ground and Dry-point; Aquatint; 
Mezzotint; Lithography and Chromo-lithography; Photo- 
mechanical processes, especially Photogravure and Typo- 

The illustrative material consists of prints, plates, and 
wood-blocks. An historical account and description are 
given of each process, together with photographs of the 
various tools used by the engraver or etcher. 

The exhibit has proved of great interest and help to the 
visitors in their study of the several classes of prints on 

5. In commemoration of the three hundredth anniversary 
of the death of William Shakespeare. The exhibit com- 
prised 31 prints and 49 books, covering the portraits of 
Shakespeare; views of Stratford-on-Avon ; single and col- 
ected works of Shakespeare, octavo and folio editions and 
specially illustrated editions. 

6. In commemoration of the three hundredth anniversary 
of the death of Pocahontas. The collection consisted of 
prints and miscellaneous material lent by the Pocahontas 
Memorial Association, Washington, D. C., through its 
President, Miss Ella Loraine Dorsey. The exhibition had 
reference also to the statue of Pocahontas, by William 
Ordway Partridge, to be erected on Jamestow T n Island, Va., 
by the Pocahontas Memorial Association. 

7. In commemoration of the centenary of the founding 
of the American Bible Society, New York City. The collec- 
tion comprised 52 prints and 84 books, limited to the fac- 
similes of early manuscripts, early editions and versions of 
the Bible, Polyglot Bibles and specially illustrated Bibles. 

8. Collection of 24 etchings by Dwight C. Sturges, lent 
by Messrs. Doll and Richards, Boston, Mass. 

8o Report of the Librarian of Congress 

9. Confederate Reunion at Washington, D. C., June 
25-28, 1917. The collection comprised portraits of the 
leaders in the Confederate service, 1861-1865; historical 
prints, manuscripts and broadsides. Among the manu- 
scripts of special interest were the account-book of the Con- 
federate Department of State; and Act of the Confederate 
Congress, April 27, 1863, for the issue of 8 per cent bonds; 
General Beauregard's report on the Battle of Shiloh; a 
message of President Jefferson Davis to the Confederate 
Congress, December 7, 1863; muster rolls and requisitions 
for supplies. 

10. History of American wood engraving. This special 
exhibit showed the development of the American school of 
engraving, beginning with the work of the first American 
wood engraver, Alexander Anderson, 1775-1870, down to 
the modern artists, best represented by the members of the 
Society of American Wood Engravers. The collection com- 
prised a number of wood blocks by Anderson, with impres- 
sions from the same; illustrations appearing in books and 
periodicals, and individual prints published throughout the 
nineteenth century. The most important engravers repre- 
sented were Aikman, Anderson, Anthony, Bernstrom, 
Closson, Cole, Dana, Davis, Evans, Harley, Heineman, 
Johnson, Juengling, King, Kingsley, Kruell, Linton, Muller, 
Putnam, Whitney, Wellington, and Wolf. 


(From the report of Dr. Schapiro, for the Semitica, and Dr. Swingle 
for the Orientalia) 

Deinard coiiec- ^ noteworthy accession to the Hebrew collections during 

tions > 

the fiscal year ending June 30, 1917, was a collection con- 
sisting of 2,300 items. This collection, brought together by 
Mr. Ephraim Deinard and purchased by the Library, forms 
part of a larger collection which, due to war conditions, has 
been detained in Palestine. With the exception of approx- 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 81 

imately 200 books of Judaica, the new collection represents 
mainly Hebrew and Yiddish literature, thus considerably 
enlarging and supplementing the former two Deinard Col- 
lections presented by Mr. Jacob H. Schiff. 

The Hebrew books cover various branches of Hebrew lit- Hebrew 
erature. The BibHcal, Talmudic, and liturgical fields are 
especially well represented. There are a great many im- 
portant editions of the Bible and numerous Hebrew com- 
mentaries of recent date, as well as several Talmud editions 
suchastheSulzbach, 1766-1770, the Vienna, 1860-1872, some 
tractates of the first and second Venice edition by Bomberg, 
and that of the Jerusalem Talmud, Cracow, 1609, all of 
which were wanting in the previous collections. Modern 
Hebrew literature is also extensively represented, including 
a number of important Hebrew periodicals published in 
various lands. As an exceptional feature, however, may be 
mentioned the considerable number of works on pedagogical 
subjects, and particularly methods of teaching and learning 
Hebrew not only as a classic language, but as a living tongue, 
as it has been revived in Palestine during the past thirty 
years, and is gaining more ground in modern Hebrew schools 
in various countries, including the United States. 

The collection also contains many first prints, among 
them a few Hebrew manuscripts and the fifteenth century 
edition of "Bechinoth ha-Olam" by Jedaiah ben Abraham 
Bedarshi. (Soncino, 1484.) 

Among the Yiddish books are found the most representa- Yiddish inert*. 
tive works in this language that have been published during ' 
the past twenty-five years. Most of them may be classed 
in the domain of belles-lettres. There are, however, in this 
group some important historical and scientific works, as well 
as a number of periodicals; and about 200 Yiddish songs, 
religious and secular, accompanied by music, which form 
a valuable addition to those already in the possession of 
the Library. The acquisition of the new Yiddish material 


82 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

has substantially enriched the Yiddish branch of this 

Several hundred valuable Hebrew and Yiddish books and 
pamphlets have been acquired by the Library through pur- 
chase from various bookdealers, by copyright, exchange, and 
gift. It should be noted here that there has been a noticeable 
increase in the number of Hebrew books obtained by the 
Library in the form of gifts. 

Exchanges Through the medium of exchange several important items 

have been obtained. In order to enlarge and complete the 
Hebrew collections, all Hebrew duplicates found in the Li- 
brary and in the Deinard Collections, which could be dis- 
pensed with, were brought together, and typewritten lists 
of them prepared. These lists were sent to a number of 
libraries and institutions possessing Hebrew books, and the 
exchange thus established has proved highly advantageous 
to the Division. By this scheme, the principle of exchang- 
ing Hebrew books for none but those in the same language 
was strictly adhered to and was found to operate satisfac- 
torily. We have also exchanged duplicates with scholars 
who were desirous of availing themselves of this privilege. 

About 1,200 volumes of the Hebrew collections were 
sent last year to the Bindery a small number for lettering 
only. With the completion of this work neafly all the 
Hebrew material contained in the two Deinard collections 
has been bound. 

Classifying and The cataloguing was chiefly concerned with the Mishnah, 
Talmud, and Responsa literature. In addition to these 
classes the Division has handled all the copyrighted Hebrew 
and Yiddish books, having them catalogued and the proofs 
read. There were also prepared catalogue entries for a 
great many books in Arabic and its cognate languages. 

More than 2,000 books were classified in accordance with 
the old temporary scheme which was in use up to the present 
time, due purely to practical necessities. It is planned, 
however, that with the beginning of next year all the 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 83 

Hebrew material shall be arranged according to a new 
classification scheme of Hebrew literature devised by this 
Division in collaboration with Dr. \V. F. Koenig of the 
Classification Division. The new scheme is to become 
the permanent one, for it is believed to be most suitable 
for the purpose in hand. 


(Based on a memorandum furnished by Dr. Swingle). 
During the past year upwards of six thousand six hundred East Asiatic col- 

j lection purchases 

volumes of Chinese, Japanese, Korean, Tibetan, Manchu, and 
Mongolian books have been added to the Library of Congress. 
The approximate figures are: Chinese, 536 works in 6,295 v l- 
umes; Japanese, 17 works in 112 volumes; Korean, 46 works 
in 70 volumes; Manchu, one work in 64 volumes; Mongol, 
77 works in 78 volumes; Tibetan, 106 works in 120 volumes. 
These books have for the most part been purchased from 
dealers in China and Japan. 

Arrangements made with a number of large book firms 
in China and Japan now permit the purchase of oriental 
works in the same way that European works are handled. 
This is very difficult to accomplish, because small dealers 
both in China and Japan expect cash payments for works 
taken out of their shops. It has been arranged to have 
such purchases financed by the larger dealers for a small 

Notable progress has been made in building up a general Chinese books 
reference library of Chinese books and also in the further 
strengthening of the two special fields the one including 
Science, Geography, Agriculture, the other including Art, 
Archaeology, Bibliography, and Biography in both of 
which fields the Library of Congress is preeminent in the 
Xew World and probably the equal of any library in Europe. 

Professor S. C. Kiang, of the Chinese Department of the 
University of California, a Chinese scholar and holder of 
the Chii Jen degree, spent the summer of 1916 working in 

84 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

the Library of Congress for the Bureau of Plant Industry 
and acquired a great familiarity with the contents of the 
Chinese collection. He was kind enough to furnish a list 
of books of reference needed to round out the collection 
and make it a general reference library of the greatest 
utility to investigators. Bids were secured from Chinese 
book dealers on the works thus recommended and most of 
them are now in place on the shelves of the Library of 

In the autumn of 1916 the first draft of the catalogue 
of the Chinese collection was finished, its scope being 
enlarged to include not only all independent books but also 
some ten thousand works represented in Collectanea. This 
work, noted more in detail in the report of the Catalogue 
Division, has for the first time permitted a large Chinese 
library to be arranged systematically on the shelves; 
it also allows of the individual works being found, charged, 
and replaced on the shelves as easily as books in any other 
foreign language. 
increasing use of AS a. result of the rapid and systematic growth of the 

Chinese books 

collection and of the completion of the preliminary cata- 
logue it is gratifying to report a greatly increased use of 
the Chinese collection during the past year by Govern*- 
ment bureaus and Chinese investigators. The Bureau of 
Plant Industry has drawn heavily on the collection in con- 
nection with the preparation of abstracts and translation 
of Chinese literature on the varieties, uses, and geographical 
distribution of Chinese food plants. No fewer than ten 
Chinese students, both government and private, have 
made use of the collection, some of them for several months. 
In one case a candidate for the doctor's degree in economics 
in Columbia University of New York City secured permission 
of the University authorities and of the Chinese Govern- 
ment to carry on his work in the Library of Congress and 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 85 

has accordingly spent six months so far working in the 
Chinese collection. 

It may now safely be said that the Library of Congress 
Chinese collection is the largest, most readily accessible, 
best catalogued, and most used of any in America. In 
many lines it is already the equal if not the superior of 
any in western countries. Some of the more interesting 
acquisitions of the past year are mentioned below. 

The Library contains a number of early Chinese printed 
books. No fewer than nine works printed during the Sung 
or Yuan Dynasty, the earliest about 1120 and the latest 
before 1368 A. D., are included in the collection, together 
with two early Ming works published before 1450 A. D. 
These books are included in an exhibit which is noted more 
in detail under the report of the Division of Prints. 

During the past year two additional early printed Chinese 
works were secured. One of these is Ta tien ho shang chu 
hsin ching, the Heart Sutra with a commentary by the 
Buddhist high priest Ta Tien. This copy is a Yuan Dynasty 
edition, probably printed in some Buddhistic monastery, 
as the plates were engraved in 1360 A. D. by the priest 
Chieh Yuan. This is a small work of a single volume con- 
sisting of 37 folios. Another early Chinese printed work 
of unusual interest is the San fang k'ao so, an encyclopedia Early Chinese 

frrinled books 

written during the Sung Dynasty by T'ung Chiin-ch'ing, 
in 200 books. The edition secured by the Library was 
printed during the Yuan Dynasty from blocks engraved 
in 1320 A. D. As the blocks were badly worn when this copy 
was struck off, while the paper seems to be of the charac- 
teristic Yuan Dynasty quality, it is probable that it was 
printed about the middle of the i4th century. It is bound 
in fifty 'silk-covered volumes inclosed in six brocade-covered 
cases with jade fasteners. The subject matter of this 
encyclopedia is arranged under some 46 general heads, 

86 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

among them, such scientific topics as mathematics, astron- 
omy, geography, foods, economics, bibliography, biography, 
etc., which were not treated at any length in the ordinary 
literary encyclopedias of that period. 

The Library has been fortunate in being able to secure 
during the year three very important works giving authentic 
texts of standard Chinese works: (i) A partial set of the 
earliest extant text of the Chinese classics. A set of rub- 
bings of the K'ai Ch'eng stone classics of Sianfu, beautifully 
mounted and bound, were secured from Professor S. C. 
Kiang and were formerly in the library of his grandfather, 
Kiang Shu-yiin, a Hanlin academician and thereby neces- 
sarily holder of the highest examination degree, Chin shih. 
These rubbings were taken from stone monuments engraved 
Authentic edi- in 837 A. D. and constituted the oldest complete text extant 

tions of standard 

Chinese works of the Chinese classics. Unfortunately only three of the 
classics are perfect in this set of rubbings, but a fourth is 
almost perfect; and the set includes larger or smaller por- 
tions of most of the other classics as well as the complete 
text of two important lexicographical works on the classical 
texts. These rubbings are more perfect than could now be 
obtained from the damaged monuments at Sianfu. (2) 
Authentic texts of T'ang Dynasty authors. The second 
Sung Emperor, T'ai Tsung, ordered a commission to bring 
together all important literary works published between 
525 and 975 A. D. This compilation, in 1,000 books, nine- 
tenths of it devoted to the T'ang authors, was completed in 
987 A. D., but remained in manuscript for nearly six hundred 
years, being finally revised, corrected, and printed about 
1570 A. D. It is entitled Wen yuan ying hua, and our 
set is bound in 160 volumes. Alexander Wylie, in his 
"Notes on Chinese literature," says: "It now forms the 
standard of appeal with regard to the accuracy of many of 
the T'ang productions." (3) A collection of authoritative 
texts of Chinese works of more than usual interest from a 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 87 

scientific standpoint is contained in the Hsiao chin t'ao yuan, 
a collection of reprints edited by Ch'en Hai-p'eng and issued 
in 1805, containing 172 individual works bound in 240 
volumes. It contains works of Han, Chin, Tang, Sung, 
and Ming authors, many of them works of the first im- 
portance for a study of geography and history. This col- 
lection, long out of print, is now almost impossible to secure. 
Among other things it contains the text of the Chu fan 
chih, or description of barbarous peoples, by Chao Ju-kua, 
a thirteenth century geographical work of which a most 
valuable annotated translation has been published by 
Professor F. Hirth and the late W. W. Rockhill. A score 
of other works of equal scientific interest, most of them 
long out of print and impossible to find elsewhere in accurate 
reproduction, are to be found in this great collection of 

In any historical or scientific investigation on China 
there is great need for determination of the period of pub- 
lication of Chinese books. This can sometimes be secured 
through the biographical account of the authors, and some- 
times in technical bibliographical works. During the past 
year the Library has bought a large number of works in these Biographical 

and bibliographical 

two classes, so that it now has undoubtedly one of the best works 
collections in these fields outside of China. The collection 
now contains approximately 96 independent works on biog- 
raphy and 230 works of this character reprinted in Ts'ung 
shn; on bibliography approximately 109 independent works 
and 150 works reprinted in Ts'ung shu. Among these items 
might be mentioned the Li tai ming hsien lieh nu shih 
hsing p'u. This work in 157 volumes contains no less than 
9,956 folios or over 19,000 pages; it was published in 1793. 
"It is the most comprehensive bibliographical compilation 
in existence," says W. F. Mayer (Reader's manual, 1874). 
As the biographies in this work are arranged according to 
the official system of rhymes, difficult of use by foreign stu- 

16M1 17 7 

88 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

dents of Chinese, an index to the family names has been pre- 
pared to facilitate the finding of the biographical sketches. 
The copy secured by the Library of Congress, although for 
the most part clearly printed, is on defective paper, often 
torn or with holes in the printed pages. Another copy of 
the same work was located in the Legge collection of Chinese 
books in the New York Public Library, and as it was also 
defective in a similar way arrangements were made to bring 
the New York copy to Washington and repair the torn pages 
and insert the missing characters in both copies, thereby 
rendering available to scholars two complete copies of the 

Another large and important biographical work secured is 
the Kuo chao hsien ch'cng lu, by Chiao Hung, a Hanlin 
academician and a famed scholar. It contains biographies 
of famous people of the Ming Dynasty from its beginning in 
1368 A. D. to 1566 A. D., all classified according to their 
occupations or characters. Although well written the work 
is criticised by Chinese authorities for the severity of its 
censures of certain personages and for the failure of the 
author to cite the sources of his biographical data. This 
work was arranged and put into shape for publication by 
Ch'en Kan when he was engaged in compiling dynastic 
history during the Wen- Li period (1573-1619 A. D.) The 
copy in the Library is a Ming edition dated 1616 A. D. in 
1 20 books, bound in 120 volumes. 
Chinese encydo- fhe Chinese were great lovers of encyclopedias centuries 


before they were known in Europe. Old works of this class 
are now invaluable in the study of the history of Chinese 
sciences, arts, or industries, as the original works quoted or 
abstracted in the older encyclopedias have many of them 
disappeared. Besides the Yuan edition of the Sung ency- 
clopedia San fang k'ao so, mentioned above, ten Ming 
Dynasty encyclopedic works were secured, several of them 
printed before 1500 A. D. Among the more interesting of 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 89 

these encyclopedic works is the CVven cVueh lei shu, by 
Ch'en Jen-hsi, the national historiographer who wrote 
towards the end of the Ming Dynasty. This is a voluminous 
classified collection of excerpts published in 1632 and 
includes some 1,400 articles in all. Two books out of the 
1 20 comprising the work, the nth and i-jth, treat of the 
Manchus in so free a manner as to have led to the inclu- 
sion of the work in the Official Index Expurgatorius of th'e 
Manchu Dynasty, as requiring the suppression of these two 
books. The copy secured by the Library, however, has 
these two books supplied in manuscript. A part of the 
preface was also missing when the work was received, but has 
since been completed by an unusually adept calligrapher in 
Peking whose copy on Ming paper so closely resembles the 
printed pages that it is almost indistinguishable from them. 
This encyclopedia, said to be a very good specimen of its 
class, is difficult to secure in a complete state. Written, as 
it is, by the learned compiler of the now current revision of 
Sze-Ma-Kwang's great history of China, it is of much value 
for students of Chinese history. 

As was noted in last year's report, the Chinese collection Chinese 

. , . ~ . , i 

now possesses a very large number ot omcial provincial, 
prefectural, and district gazetteers. These works are full of 
the most detailed and valuable information about the nat- 
ural products, industries, and local history of China and are 
indispensable in any thorough study of China and the 

Besides these official gazetteers a few geographical works 
of an unusual character were secured. The most interesting 
of these is the Pa min t'ung chih by Huang Chung-chao, 
an early gazetteer of Fukien Province. The copy secured 
by the Library is the original edition published in 1492 
A. D. and is a clear impression on good paper in an excellent 
state of preservation. It is divided into 57 books and is 
bound in 36 bulky volumes. This is a work often cited by 

90 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

subsequent writers for its accounts of oranges and other 
products of Fukien. 

Another work of much interest is the Nan hsiin ch'eng 
tien, compiled by Kao Chin, an account of four tours of the 
Emperor Ch'ien Lung through the central Chinese prov- 
inces, made between 1751 and 1765, published as a palace 
edition in 1771 in 120 books bound in 48 volumes. This work 
embodies much valuable geographical information and con- 
tains a hundred or more excellent double page illustrations 
of interesting localities visited. 

Among the rarer and more interesting geographical works 
is the Ming shan shing kai chi, a work compiled by Ho Tang 
and published about 1 634 near the end of the Ming dynasty. 
Ho T'ang collected several hundred descriptions of famous 
mountains of China; of these about 30 per cent were by 
authors who wrote before the beginning of the Ming Dynasty 
(1368 A. D.) and the remaining 70 per cent were by Ming 
authors. In view of the important part mountains play in 
Chinese literary and religious life this monumental work in 
48 good-sized volumes is sure to prove a mine of interesting 
information. The authors of Chien Lung's Imperial Catalog 
criticised it, claiming that the articles were not well selected, 
which caused a lack of uniformity in style. For the student 
of Chinese historical geography and folk lore, however, these 
articles written by long-forgotten minor authors, whose 
works have mostly perished, are likely to add interest to 
the collection rather than to detract from it. 

Another work secured last year, though very different 
in character, serves to throw light on the part mountains 
play in Chinese literature. It is the Ch'i shih erh feng tsu 
cheng chi, by Wu Ying-wong, published in 1744 in 88 books 
bound in 24 large volumes. This work includes writings of 
all scholars, poets, artists, retired officials, monks, and 
learned women who have lived among the 72 peaks of the 
Tung Ting Mountain in Lake Tai near Soochow in Kiangsu. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 91 

Almost all classes of literature are represented, but poetry 

During the past year an attempt was made to prepare a lVorkf <** cu- 

ruse art and ar- 

union list of the Chinese works on art and archaeology to be 
found in the United States. It soon appeared that the 
Library of Congress was already much richer than any other 
library in America in works of this character. This is very 
fortunate, in view of the fact that the Freer Museum now 
under construction will shortly house one of the finest col- 
lections of Oriental art in the world and will undoubtedly 
bring a demand for works of reference on the history of 
Oriental art. During the past year additional purchases 
have been made of works of this character and at the present 
time the Library collection is doubtless richer than any 
other in western countries in works on this subject. 

Among these works on Chinese art might be mentioned: 

Hua shih hnai yao by Chu Mon, a well-known treatise on 
Chinese painting from the earliest times, with biographical 
accounts of famous painters. It also contains one book on 
Hua fa, or methods of painting. The copy secured by the 
Library is the original edition published at the close of the 
Ming Dynasty in 1631 A. D. in 5 books bound in ten 

Wang shih shu yuan by Wang Shih-chen, a treatise on 
calligraphy, which in China is considered as a fine art, rank- 
ing with painting. The author was a well-known official 
and writer of the late Ming Dynasty. He was not a good 
calligrapher himself; indeed, he said: "There lives a god in 
my eye, but a devil in my arm." This work comprises ten 
books and has two supplements, one in eight books and one 
in ten books. The Library secured a late Ming or early 
Ch'ing edition, bound in eight volumes. 

A curious work entitled Hung hsueh yin yuan t'u chi, by 
Lin Chin, a Manchu official, is a record of the events of his 
life and picturesque scenes observed by him in the course of 

92 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

his travels. The original edition of this work, printed in 
1849, is in three parts, bound in six volumes, and contains 
several hundred double-page folding woodcuts very clearly 
printed and doubtless of some historical and geographic 
interest, in addition to their value as samples of Chinese 
book illustrations of the period. That the work is popular 
in China is shown by the fact that a cheaper small-sized 
reprint was published in Shanghai in 1 884. 

The completion during the past year of a provisional cata- 
logue of the ten thousand or more works contained in the 
Ts'ung shu or Chinese Ts'ung shu, or collections of reprints, in the Library 

collections of re- 
Prints of Congress, has emphasized the importance of this class of 

works, which are indispensable in building up a working col- 
lection of Chinese books. Accordingly the Library has pur- 
chased during the past year nearly all of the works of this class 
offered for sale in China and Japan that it did not already 
possess. As a result the collection now contains about 150 
Ts'ung shu, some of them exceedingly rare and containing 
works of the greatest importance in all classes of Chinese 
literature. Mention has already been made of the Hsiao 
chin t'ao yuan, doubtless the most important work of this 
class so far secured by any American library. 

Although the Library has added only a few Japanese 
books to its collection during the past year, those secured 
Japanese books were o f much interest. An almost complete set of the pub- 
lications of the Toa Dobun-kwai (Oriental iso-hieroglyphic 
society) was obtained, although many of these works are 
out of print. This society has headquarters at Tokyo but 
maintains a school at Shanghai and has been active in pub- 
lishing in Japanese original works and translations on the 
commerce, geography, and politics of China. In all, 16 in- 
dependent works and one bi-monthly journal were obtained. 
Of the independent works, four are on economics or indus- 
tries, six on commercial geography, four on political economy 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 93 

and diplomatic history, and two are maps. Among these 
works two deserving especial mention are: 

(1) Shina Seiji Chiri-shi, Political geography of China, 
2 vols. 1913-1914. 

(2) Shina Keizai Zensho (Complete manual of Chinese 
Economical Conditions), 12 vols. 1907-1908. Treats of the 
commerce, banking, transportation facilities, commercial 
practices, insurance, labor, agricultural products, lumber, 
mines, manufactures, publishing industry, etc., a most 
valuable manual of Chinese commerce and industry. 

Two other Japanese works of unusual interest are the 
Ko-bunko, or abstracts from Chinese and Japanese litera- 
ture, and the Gunsho-Sakuin, Index to subjects in the 
Ko-bunko. Both works are by Professor T. Modzume, who 
for thirty years has labored to bring to completion this 
gigantic work, said to contain abstracts from 100,000 Chinese 
and Japanese books, and which when completed will fill 
twenty large octavo volumes (western style) averaging 
over 1,000 pages each. The first five volumes of the Ko- 
bunko and the first two of the Gunsho-Sakuin have been 
received. This work bids fair to be of great utility as a 
convenient guide to a vast bulk of oriental literature. For- 
tunately Professor Modzume gives the editions and pages 
of the works which he abstracts or quotes, thus greatly 
facilitating reference to the original texts. 

Particular attention has been given during the past 
year to the collation for binding of scientific Japanese 
periodicals, a work in which Doctor T. Tanaka of the 
Bureau of Plant Industry has rendered efficient help. A 
number of sets of Japanese scientific periodicals have been /</>< * 

tific periodicals 

secured and arrangements have been perfected by which 
missing numbers of sets already in the Library can be 
secured promptly and at reasonable prices. This, it is 
believed, will enable the Library to strengthen its collection 

94 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

of Japanese works in this peculiarly important field of 
scientific, historical, and artistic periodicals which embody 
the latest results of Japanese investigations along western 
scientific lines and on the history, folklore, art, and antiqui- 
ties of the orient. 

During the past year the Library acquired a small collec- 
tion of Korean works formerly in the possession of the 
Korean Minister at Washington, the Hon. Soh Kwang-pom, 
who early distinguished himself in his native land for his 
proficiency in Chinese composition and was made assistant 
Korean books royal librarian when still a very young man. This collec- 
tion includes a series of 22 manuscript works on the organiza- 
tion of the various departments of the Korean Government, 
giving a detailed account of its condition in 1 895 or there- 
abouts. Among the printed books are the Tai myeng you! 
kang, or the Ming Dynasty laws of China, which had the force 
of law in Korea until the close of the nineteenth century ; the 
Tai tyen hoi thong, the institutes of the Korean Govern- 
ment, a standard work in five volumes; also the Buy An, 
a project for the reorganization of the Korean Govern- 
ment, published in 1894. Several of the works in the 
collection are in the mixed language, Chinese with Korean 
phonetic particles, introduced about 1890 and ^used offi- 
cially until the end of Korean independence. Another 
interesting work is the Tiyo ayen ryak tai yo ran, an abridged 
record of the reigns of the Korean emperors down to -i 863 
A. D., an anonymous work in manuscript, in three books 
bound in three volumes. The personal or tabooed names 
of the emperors are all concealed by a flap of red paper which 
must be lifted in order to see the Chinese character. This 
work is not listed in Courant, "Bibliographic Coreenne." 
These works, together with several Korean histories, furnish 
valuable material for a study of the transformations under- 
gone by the native Government before its final downfall. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 95 

A Manchu work of unusual interest secured during the 
year is a complete copy of Mbn han chtian wen san shih 
erh fi sheng ching fu, the Poem on Mukden in Chinese 
and Manchu in 64 volumes, of which 32 volumes are each 
in a different ancient style of Chinese character, and the Mmcku books 
remaining 32 each in a corresponding newly invented 
style of Manchu script. In 1748, by order of the Manchu 
Emperor Ch'ien Lung, a commission undertook to invent 
these new styles of Manchu writing. Three years were 
spent in this work and the Emperor himself often took 
part in their labors. The Emperor ordered the newly 
invented quadratic Manchu script to be used in future for 
all seals of the Emperor, Ministers, tribunals, and patents, 
and all officers above the sixth rank, as well as for patents 
bestowing high honors and hereditary titles of rank. 

From about 1750 to 1911 seals using these quadratic 
characters occur on Chinese official documents, many of 
them of great historic interest. The full understanding of 
these seals and the translation of the inscriptions they bear 
will be greatly facilitated by the Man han chuan wen san 
shih erh fi sheng ching ju. This work is also of interest 
from an epigraphic standpoint as it records a deliberate 
effort to make over an alphabetic script of western origin 
into as close an approximation as possible of ancient styles 
of Chinese idiographs. Manchu writing, like Mongol, was 
derived from the Syrian estrangelo alphabet introduced 
into China by the Nestorian missionaries about the seventh 
or eighth century A. D. 

In his sketch of Manchu literature (Revue orientate, 
1 908) Doctor Berthold Lauf er stated that no complete copy 
of this work exists in any European library and he was 
unable to secure one in China. 

A collection of 77 Mongol works was purchased during 
the year from Doctor Laufer. These represent a special Mongol boots 
collection secured by him during his trips to China and 

g6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

many of them are referred to in his sketch of Mongolian 
literature (Revue orientale, 1907, p. 165-261). These Mongol 
works, like the Tibetan, to be noted later, are largely devoted 
to some phase of Lamaistic Buddhism. Besides these theo- 
logical treatises, some of them beautifully printed on heavy 
paper, there are a number of non-religious works of great 
interest, among them "The Epic poem of King Ges6r," 
printed by order of the Chinese Emperor K'ang Hsi in 1716. 
This work is said by Doctor Laufer in his "Sketch of Mon- 
golian literature" to be without doubt the most interesting 
of all Mongolian literary works. 

A collection of 106 Tibetan works was also secured from 
Doctor Laufer. These embrace a practically complete col- 
lection of the works on sale in Peking in 1901, most of 
Tibetan books them printed in the City of Peking. The writings of the 
great Tibetan reformer, Tsongkhapa, are represented by 
two copies of his principal work, "The Great Road to Knowl- 
edge," Byang c'ub lam rim c' en-mo, in 336 folios, a treatise 
on Buddhistic philosophy. Besides this there are five ex- 
pository treatises on the theological system founded by him 
and a volume of prayers addressed to him. Besides the 
philosophical and theological treatises on Lamaistic Bud- 
dhisms, which make up the bulk of the collection, there are 
a few works containing biographies and collected writings of 
eminent Lamas. These Tibetan works supplement the 
collection secured for the Library by the late Mr. Rockhill 
and together with the Kanjur, a monumental work secured 
some years ago by him, constitute a good working library of 
books in the Tibetan language. This collection, though 
small, is a select one and now gives the Library of Congress 
a good beginning in this great field of central Asiatic litera 

Of interest in connection with the above description of 
the Chinese literature is an official notice issued by Professor 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 97 

Kiang in explanation of his recent mission in our behalf. It 
reads as follows: \1 Vanslated from the Shanghai Shen Poo 
for June 28, 1917] 

Official notice to collect geographical books of different 
provinces and districts of China for the Library of 
Congress, U. S. A. 

"After a short stay in the United States of America 
for three years since 1912, during which I have been 
invited to be the professor of Chinese language in the 
University of California, and also to be the head of the 
Chinese section of the Library of Congress in Washing- 
ton, I came back to China to spend the summer vaca- 
tion. Before sailing from America the Librarian of 
Congress commissioned me to represent the Library in 
collecting the geographical works of different provinces 
and districts of China. 

" The Library of Congress is in Washington, D. C., 
the National Capital of the United States. It is the 
largest library in America. Its Librarian is appointed 
directly by the President and is not under the control 
of the other Departments or other governmental offices. 
The Chinese books, which the late Ching Dynasty pre- 
sented to the Library, such, for example, as the Tn Shu 
Chi Cheng, etc., are all well preserved and exhibited in 
the Library. In addition, the American Government 
has twice sent special missions to China to buy books 
to enlarge the Chinese collections in the Library. At 
present the Library has a collection of Chinese books 
numbering about 40,000 volumes, all beautifully bound. 
This collection is the largest and most complete one in 
the Libraries of foreign countries. Even in China one 
can find only a few libraries which contain so many 

"Last summer I was engaged by the Library to cata- 
logue the books according to the Imperial Catalogue, 
Ssu k'u ch'uan shu, to help Americans refer to and read 
the books. This year the Department of Agriculture 
wants to make a survey of various products in different 
localities in China. A joint request by all governmental 

98 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

departments, under the initiative of the Department of 
Agriculture, was therefore sent to the Librarian to make 
some special arrangement to secure the help of Chinese 
Government officials in collecting geographical works 
and books on historicalgeography of different provinces 
and districts of China. This matter has been put into 
my hands because of my return trip to China. 

" The American people have been our friends for 
many years and in many connections. The friendly 
relations between China and the United States have 
been fomented in the most intimate manner. We will 
never forget the return of the Boxer indemnity by the 
American Government and the services along educa- 
tional, medical, and missionary lines rendered to us by 
individual Americans. Moreover, there is an agree- 
ment between these two Governments to exchange pub- 
lications, but the number of books sent us by America 
have been far more than those we have sent to that 
country. The said geographical books cost us nothing, 
but will help the Americans a great deal. Through 
these geographical books I am sure the Chinese civiliza- 
tion can be introduced to America more easily, the 
Americans will understand us better, and consequently 
the relations between the two nations will be more 
friendly. So this is the best opportunity for us to 
render some service back to America. 

"Therefore I beg you to send notices to the Depart- 
ment of Education and government officials of the dif- 
ferent provinces for cooperation. I beg you further to 
ask the government officials to collect the respective 
books on geography in their provinces and districts 
and to send them to your office. When all the books 
have arrived please forward them to America through 
the American Consul at Shanghai. 

"On the other hand, if the Chinese Governments, 
either central or local, want American official publi- 
cations, please ask the officials in charge to mention 
the name of the publications they want. I will ask for 
them; the American Government will be very glad to 
send them. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 99 

"I myself will make a trip to Peking and different 
provinces along the coast to see the officials in person. 
In your documents or notices to various provinces 
along the coast please mention my proposed visit, to 
serve as an introduction for me. I shall start for America 
again at the end of July. 

"Enclosed please find a letter from the Librarian of 
Congress, one copy in the original language and another 
in translation." 

The office of Shanghai Taotai has received an official docu- 
ment from the civil governor of Kiangsu Province. The 
document says: 

"A request has been sent to this office by Mr. S. S. 
Chiu, the commissioner of foreign affairs at Shanghai, 
accompanied by a letter of Mr. S. C. Kiang, Professor 
of Chinese in California University and head of the 
Chinese Division of the Library of Congress. " 

Mr. Chiu's remarks, appended to Mr. Kiang's letter, are as 
follows : 

"In accordance with the urgent request of Mr. Kiang 
representing the American Government, I would be very 
obliged to you if you will be kind enough to help the best 
you can. I myself have been in the Library of Congress 
when I was in America. It is one of the largest libraries 
of the world. Mr. Kiang, being a learned scholar of 
Chinese, is the proper man to serve the Library, It is 
confidently expected that through Mr. Kiang the Amer- 
ican people will know more about Chinese people, 
China, and Chinese civilization. Please assist Mr. 
Kiang in every way possible when he comes to you 
in the near future." 

At the end of the above remarks, the civil governor 
commented : 

"In view of the request, all the officials (mayors) 
of all the districts in the Province of Kiangsu are 
hereby instructed to send in the books on their respec- 
tive local geography to Mr. Chiu as early as possible so 
that the books will arrive in America at an earlv date. " 

ioo Report of the Librarian of Congress 


The number of volumes bound was 29,701, as against 
28,404 for the preceding year. 

By the Library bindery alone 27,999 volumes were 
bound; the output for the preceding year was 27,037. 

The marbled paper used in our bindings was manufactured 
in Germany and is no longer obtainable. The bindery still 
has a moderate supply in stock. 

Although we have at present a supply of goatskin suit- 
able for the ordinary binding, it is questionable whether 
the acid-free stock can be renewed under the present market 
conditions. There seems to be no domestic goatskin suit- 
able for a good binding. However, the excellent buckram 
now in use can not be affected by import conditions: 

(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Martel) 

The number of volumes catalogued was 105,305, of which 
80,277 were new accessions and 25,028 recatalogued, an in- 
crease in the total of 2, 940 volumes over the preceding year, 
due in part to difference in the character of some of the mate- 
rial handled, in part to the method of collective cataloguing 
applied to certain classes of pamphlets. 

i n addition to the recataloguing of English, German, and 
Italian literature, which is being continued, Scandinavian 
literature was taken up. Danish and Norwegian are com- 
pleted, and about one-half of the Swedish literature is done. 
In American history 1,508 volumes have been added to the 
classified collection, chiefly from the rarer books and pam- 
phlets in the closed cases ("Office" collection). From the 
Toner collection 1,097 volumes have been transferred, mak- 
ing some 1,500 volumes to date, about one-fourth of the 
American history material in the Toner collection according 
to Mr. Waters' estimate. Collections containing much of 
value to be recatalogued next are (i) The pamphlet collec- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress . 101 

tions in class AC (General and miscellaneous) and JA (Politi- 
cal pamphlets) ; (2) The reports of trials in the Law Division, 
many of which are not represented in the Public catalogue 
in the Reading Room in any form ; (3) City directories not yet 

The arrangement and revision of the stacklist for Bib- 
liography has been finished, and a set of guide cards 
provided and filed. Preparation of the Library of Congress 
contribution to the Union List of Incunabula in American incunabula 


libraries (U. S.) is in progress. Entries for 680 volumes of 
bibliographical works in the Yudin collection have been shelf- 
listed and incorporated in the stacklist. Printed cards are 
available now for the greater part of the 962 volumes cata- 
logued thus far. The printing of the copy remaining on 
hand, together with a number of entries to be prepared, will 
complete the cataloguing and shelflisting of the Bibliography 
section of the Yudin collection of which it forms one of the 
most fully developed and notable features. A selection of 
several hundred titles containing many items of great rarity 
and interest in Slavic church history, philosophy, and religion 
were catalogued by Dr. Palmieri. 

A most creditable showing has been made by the Public 
Documents section. The falling off in accessions of certain 
groups of foreign documents was offset by an increase in other 
files. While there is therefore a decrease in monographic ma- 
terial separately catalogued, the additions to the serial record 
and other entries show an increase of approximately 5,000 vol- 
umes. The total number of volumes entered in catalogues 
and serial record was 23,799 volumes bound in 19,008 (in 
1915-16: 21,565 volumes in 19,295). 

The decrease in the accessions of foreign society publica- Soc >ety 


tions has afforded an opportunity for preparing or revising 
and printing the entries for some of the long and complicated 
sets, which pressure of current work had prevented in other 
years. Cards have been printed for the publications of the 

IO2 m Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Royal Society of London, comprising some 400 volumes. 
The proofs were submitted to six other libraries possessing 
good sets, which made it possible to incorporate some infor- 
mation concerning variants not represented in the Library 
of Congress file; various editions of particular volumes and 
series of volumes, so that files in other libraries may be 
checked by this entry with accuracy. Like those of the 
Royal Society, and of even greater extent, the publications 
of the Academic des Sciences, Paris, reach back to the middle 
of the seventeenth century; the Library of Congress files 
comprise over 700 volumes. Entries for these are about 
completed and will shortly be printed. In the case of the 
various series of the California Academy of Sciences the state- 
ments were submitted to the Academy for verification and 
the cards are now printed. It is expected that similar en- 
tries may be printed the coming year for other sets for which 
printed cards are not yet available for distribution. 
Publications The demand for the "List of subject headings, with local 
subdivisions," printed last year, has proved larger than 
anticipated. The edition was exhausted in a few months 
and has recently been reprinted with a few additions. The 
new (fourth) edition, greatly enlarged, of the Preliminary 
'List of subject subdivisions under countries, states, cities, 
and general subjects," followed shortly after, and a third 
edition, largely extended since' the second issue, in 1915, has 
now been issued of the Literature subject headings, includ- 
ing a list for Shakespeare collections. A short list of works 
on library science, which has been found very useful in an- 
swering requests for advice on the organization, manage- 
ment, cataloguing, and classification of libraries, by corre- 
spondence through the Catalogue, Bibliography, and Card 
Distribution Divisions, has also been revised and reprinted. 
Over 3,000, probably close to 3,500, new titles have been 
added by Miss Gilkey to her interleaved copy of the list of 
American and English genealogies in the Library of Con- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 103 

gress, since the publication of the volume, in 1910. They 
represent the additions to the collection, and copy for the 
printer in the form of printed cards could be made ready 
for a new edition at any time. Numerous inquiries indi- 
cate that there would be a steady demand and sale for a 
new edition. The annual list of American doctoral disser- 
tations, with supplementary titles to former lists, has been 
compiled and printed as usual. Judging from a number of . 
requests, the provisional classification and subject headings 
covering the European war collection of the Library of Con- 
gress have been of assistance in treating similar collections 
in other libraries. Additions are being made as occasion 
requires, and the printed scheme (in class D) and list of head- 
ings (in Additions No. 14) will naturally be subject to an 
eventual thorough revision. 

Dr. Walter T. Swingle, to whose interest and activity the Chinese 
accomplishment is largely due and who has generously given " 
his time to the supervision of it, presents the following 
account of the work : 

Cataloguing Chinese Collections 

During the past year the provisional classification 
of the Chinese books, begun some six years ago with 
the assistance of Dr. H. K. Fung, has been completed 
with the help of Prof. S. C. Kiang, of the Chinese depart- 
ment of the University of California, and Mr. M. J. Hag- 
erty, of the Bureau of Plant Industry, United States De- 
partment of Agriculture. The classification is based on 
that of the Catalogue of the Imperial Library at Peking, 
Ssu k'u diiian shu tsung mu, with some slight changes 
and with the addition of a few new classes that have 
come into prominence since the Imperial Catalogue was 
published, in 1782. The four classes of Chinese books 
are lettered A, B, C, D, and under each class the main 
subclasses are numbered as in ordinary library practice. 
The classification as now carried out embraces four 
main classes and 48 principal subclasses. The total 

16341 17 8 

104 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

number of subdivisions at present recognized about 
170, besides which there are about 2,000 provincial, 
prefectural, and district cities that have been given call 
numbers to facilitate classification of official gazetteers, 
all under the single subdivision B 192, Sheng chih, or 
Particular Provinces. 

This system permits the identification of Chinese 
books by very brief reference numbers and facilitates 
not only the arrangement of such books on the shelves, 
but the loaning, charging, etc., which can be done with- 
out reference to the Chinese title. Most of the large 
Chinese libraries in America have indicated their inten- 
tion of following this system in arranging their Chinese 
libraries, and the University of California has already 
classified its library of some 14,000 books on this plan. 
Columbia University is now carrying out this plan. If 
all American libraries use this system of classification, 
it will greatly facilitate the preparation of a union 
catalogue and enable the American libraries to pool 
their resources and avoid unnecessary duplication in 
purchasing Chinese books. 

During the past year a card was made for every 
Chinese work in the Library of Congress, showing the 
title and author in Chinese characters and the classifi- 
cation. At the same time a card was also made for 
each of the 10,000 or more works contained in Ts'ung 
shu, or collections of reprints. These cards are arranged 
as a shelf list, but with the cards giving titles of indi- 
vidual works contained in Ts'ung shu placed in the sub- 
division where the books would be classified and shelved 
if they were separate works. 

No other Chinese library, at least in Western coun- 
tries, has as yet attempted to do this, on account of the 
difficulty of classifying the works contained in Ts'ung 
shu. Thanks to the help of Prof. S. C. Kiang, it was 
possible to complete this monumental task, and by the 
use of the photostat it has been possible to reproduce 
in legible form the entire shelf list, including some 
1 2,000 items, as a book of 2 50 pages, 9 by n inches. This 
shelf list will, it is believed, prove of value to other libra- 
ries having large Chinese collections, as it classifies a 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 105 

large part of the commonly used Chinese books and 
Ts'ung shit. 

Current accessions by copyright deposit of Hebrew and Semitic collec- 
Yiddish books are catalogued, and titles printed with the 

old large Hebrew type. Owing to the inability to secure 
a more suitable smaller type for the printing of Hebrew 
titles, the printing of the 1,400 titles from the Deinard- 
Schiff collection held by Dr. Schapiro has had to be de- 
ferred until the Government Printing Office shall have 
procured the desired fonts of type in sufficient quantity to 
handle several forms of titles without running out of sorts. 

Mr. Martel adds to his report the following: 

By invitation I had the privilege of presenting to the Analysis O/L.C. 
Library School class of Simmons College a brief description 
and analysis of the Library of Congress Classification in a 
series of five informal lectures and exercises, April 17, 18, 
and 19. My experience there and the use of the classifi- 
cation in a number of other libraries show that the classi- 
fication may be applied practically in any library, and that 
libraries, especially new libraries, may classify, catalogue, 
and shelf list their collections with great economy of time, 
labor, and money cost, if they will use the printed cards, 
subject headings, and classifications as they stand on the 
printed cards. Libraries might, perhaps, without prejudice, 
be familiarized with that idea to their advantage in the pam- 
phlet on "L. C. Printed cards; how to order and use them." 


(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Perley) 

The number of volumes classified during the fiscal year 
1916-17 was 100,325, of which 79,545 were new accessions 
and 20,780 were reclassified, including 4,575 transfers. The 
number of volumes shelflisted was 89,560, of which 73,355 
were new accessions. 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 

For the year preceding, the number of volumes was 
104,304, of which 86,889 were new accessions and 17,415 
were reclassified, including 6,121 transfers, the number shelf- 
listed being 91,224. 

The statistics by classes follow : 

New classification Summary 

Volumes and pamphlets 





A: Polygraphy (collec- 
tions, encyclope- 
dias, etc.). 
B-BJ- Philosophy . . 





12, 993 



n, 800 









5, 963 


Printed, 39,022. 

Preliminary, 61,957.* 

Printed, 44,347. 

BL-BX- Religion 

C: History (Auxiliary 
CS" Genealogy 

D: History (except 
E, F' America . . . 




G: Geography, Anthro- 
pology, etc. 

M: Music 

N' Fine arts 






P: Literature and lan- 
PZ - Fiction 

T: Technology 

U: Military science 

Semitic collection. . . . 
Chapter 38: Literary 


16, 205 




Old classification 


79, 545 

20, 780 

ioo, 325 

* Estimated. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 107 

The portion of the Library now classified under the new 
classification contains in round numbers 1,638,000 volumes 
distributed as follows: Class A (Polygraphy) , 89,000; B-BJ 
(Philosophy), 17,000; BL-BX (Religion), 12,500; C-D 
(History, exclusive of America), 142,000; E-F (America), 
130,000; G (Geography), 27,000; H-J (Social and political 
science), 389,000; L (Education), 70,000; M (Music), 30,000; 
N (Fine arts'), 37,500; P (Language and literature), 144,500; 
PZ (Fiction in English), 59,50; Q (Science), 148,500; R 
(Medicine), 53,000; S (Agriculture), 59,500; T (Technology) 
106,000; U (Military science), 21,500; V (Naval science), 
18,000; Z (Bibliography), 83,000; Incunabula, etc., 500. 

The Classification Division has been fortunate in keeping 
its staff practically intact during the past year, only one 
shelflister and one messenger having resigned and their 
positions having been satisfactorily filled by new appoint- 

In spite of the constantly decreasing number of accessions, 
due to the external conditions of the past three years, the 
Division has been able to maintain its usual output without 
material variation, the increase of reclassified books nearly 
counterbalancing the decrease in accessions. This reclassi- 
fication has necessitated the construction of new schedules of 
classification which have, in this period, been limited to 
Religion, forming the second part of Class fe in our system. 
These schedules are now in typewritten form and subject 
to some revision and development as the work of reclassi- 
fication progresses. 

In the preparation of the schedules for Classical Litera- 
ture considerable progress has been made by Dr. Koenig. 
The class numbers for the whole of Greek Literature have 
been worked out and the first part of Latin Literature as 
well. It is expected that by the time this report appears 
in print the whole system will be in a typewritten pro- 
visional form and that actual classification and shelflisting 
will be in progress. 

io8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

The Division's publications for the year include a second 
edition of the classification schedules for Class N, Fine 
Arts, embodying additions since its first printing in 1909, 
and a new edition of the Outline Scheme of Classes. Another 
publication from this Division is a handbook of "Author 
notation" by Miss Anna C. Laws, assistant in charge of 
shelflisting. Many inquiries have been received from libra- 
ries using the printed cards of the Library of Congress, 
asking for information in regard to our book numbers in 
general and for explanations of particular cases. This 
little pamphlet aims to show the general principles guiding 
us, with a few selected examples from our own catalogue. 

Mr. Waters has continued his work on the Toner Collec- 
tion begun in the previous year and has, during the past 
year, catalogued about i ,000 volumes of Americana in this 

To the list of libraries using the Library of Congress class- 
ification, in whole or in part, as printed in last year's report, 
the following should be added : 

Auburn theological seminary, Auburn, N. Y. 
Dalhousie university, Halifax, Nova Scotia. 
Reed college, Portland, Oreg. 
St. Paul, Minn., Public library. 

(From the report of the Chief, Mr. Hastings) 

During the year the number of subscribers to the printed 
cards has increased from 2,370 to 2,559. 
The cash sale of cards, including subscriptions to proof- 
sheets, amounted to $69,587.78, an increase of a small frac- 
tion of i per cent over the sale for 1915-16. The smallness 
of this increase as compared with that of last year was 
doubtless due principally to the falling off in the number of 
new books acquired by the Library of Congress and the 
libraries which subscribe to the cards, the consequences of 
the war in this respect having now become fully effective. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 109 

. The sale of cards to the libraries of the departments of 
the United States Government, paid for by transfer of 
credits, amounted to $1,484.66. 

Cards for about 38,000 different titles were added to the 
stock during the year, including about 4,500 cards printed 
for libraries in the District of Columbia and about 1,500 
printed for other cooperating libraries. 

The whole number of different titles now represented in 
the stock is approximately 735,000, including about 40,000 
unrevised cards not included in the depository sets. The 
average stock of each card is estimated at 75 copies, making 
the total number of cards in stock about 55,000,000. 

The depository libraries now number 48. The deposi- 
tory set formerly located at the New Orleans Public Library 
has been reassigned to Cornell University, superseding the 
proof sheet set at that library. 

The full list of depositories is given below, the proof- 
sheet depositories being distinguished by asterisks: 

American Antiquarian Society, Worcester, Mass. 

Bowdoin College Library, Brunswick, Me. 

Brooklyn Public Library, Brooklyn, X. Y. 

Brown University Library, Providence, R. I. 

Buffalo Public Library, Buffalo, N. Y. 

California State Library, Sacramento, Cal. 

California University Library, Berkeley, Cal. 

Chicago University Library, Chicago, 111. 

Cincinnati Public Library, Cincinnati, Ohio. 

Cleveland Public Library, Cleveland, Ohio. 

Columbia L'niversity Library, New York City. 

Connecticut State Library, Hartford, Conn. 

Cornell University Library, Ithaca, N. Y. 

*Dartmouth College Library, Hanover, N. H. 

Harvard L'niversity Library, Cambridge, Mass. 

Illinois University Library, Urbana, 111. 

Indiana State Library, Indianapolis, Ind. 

Institut International de Bibliographic, Brussels, Belgium. 

Iowa State L'niversity Library, Iowa City, Iowa. 

John Crerar Library, Chicago, 111. 

Johns Hopkins L'niversity Library, Baltimore, Md. 

Kansas State Historical Society Library, Topeka, Kans. 

*Kyoto University Library, Kyoto, Japan. 

no Report of the Librarian of Congress 

*Leland Stanford Jr. University Library, Stanford University, Cal^. 

*Los Angeles Public Library, Los Angeles, Cal. 

Louisville Public Library, Louisville, Ky. 

McGill University Library, Montreal, Canada. 

Massachusetts State Library, Boston, Mass. 

Michigan University Library, Ann Arbor, Mich. 

Minnesota University Library, Minneapolis, Minn. 

*Missouri University Library, Columbia, Mo. 

Nebraska University Library, Lincoln, Nebr. 

New York Public Library, New York City. 

New York State Library, Albany, N. Y. 

Northwestern University Library, Evanston, 111. 

Pennsylvania University Library, Philadelphia, Pa. 

Philadelphia Free Library, Philadelphia, Pa. 

^Philippine Library, Manila, P. I. 

Pittsburgh Carnegie Library, Pittsburgh, Pa. 

Princeton University Library, Princeton, N. J. 

St. Louis Public Library, St. Louis, Mo. 

Seattle Public Library, Seattle, Wash. 

Syracuse University Library, Syracuse, N. Y. 

Texas University Library, Austin, Tex. 

Virginia State Library, Richmond, Va. 

*Wesleyan University Library, Middletown, Conn. 

Partial depository sets have been assigned during the 
year to libraries of the United States Government as follows : 

Bureau of Fisheries. Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass. 

Cards relating to fisheries and aquatic biology. 
Forest service. District Office, Ogden, Utah. 

Cards for publications relating to forestry. 
International High Commission. United States Section. 

Cards for legal and statistical works relating to Latin America. 

The full list of partial depositories is as follows, those 
having dictionary sets being distinguished by an asteiisk : 

Army War College. 
Biological Survey. 

* Bureau of Education. 
Bureau of Entomology. 
Bureau of Fisheries. 

Bureau of Fisheries. Laboratory, Woods Hole, Mass. 

* Bureau of Labor. 

* Bureau of Mines. 

Bureau of Rolls and Library (State Department). 
Bureau of Science (Manila, P. I.) 
Civil Service Commission. 
Coast and Geodetic Survey. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress ill 

Coast Artillery School. 

* Department of Agriculture. 
Department of Justice. 

Department of the Interior. Law Division. 

Engineer School. 

Federal Trade Commission. 

Forest Service. District Forester's Office, Ogden, Utah. 

Frankford Arsenal. 

* Geological Survey. 
Government Hospital for the Insane. 
Hydrographic Office. 

International High Commission. United States Section. 
Interstate Commerce Commission. 
Military Academy. West Point. 

* National Bureau of Standards. 
Naval Academy. 

Naval Observatory. 

Naval War College. 

Navy General Board. 

Navy Medical School. 

Office of Foreign Trade Advisers. 

Pan American Union. 

* Patent Office. 
Supervising Architect's Office. 
Surgeon General's Office. 
Treasury Department. 
Weather Bureau. 

Considerable work has been done during the year in 
analyzing additional important series. Cards have been 
prepared and printed covering volumes 1-24 of the Annals 
of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 
completing our file of cards for this set. Analytical cards 
have been prepared and partially printed for the annual 
reports of the American Historical Association 1887-1911, 
completing the file for the set. 

A supplement to the list of series covered by cards in 
stock which was issued in 1914 (Bulletin 16-19) is in type. 
Revised editions of Bulletins 9, 10, 13, and 23 have been 

ii2 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

(From the report of the Chief of the Order and Publications Division) 

The following table exhibits the comparative statistics of 
the distribution of publications of the Library of Congress 
for the past three fiscal years : 




New publications 

a 2S 

b 2C 

b 2? 





Administrative and special distribu- 
tion through the Library of Con- 
gress . . . 

3, 606 

T, QO3 

3. 2 Z1 

Distribution through the office of the 
Superintendent of Documents. . . . 

3i, 131 

3O 73O 

25, I2O 

Distribution through the Bureau of 
International Exchanges 

i, 760 

4, 771 


Special distribution of publications 
compiled but not printed by the 
Library of Congress 

2. O44 

Distribution to A. L,. A., June, 1917 


Total number of publications 

T.6, 4Q7 

42, 448 

T.O. 1:74 

Publications correspondence 

I, 2O3 



Envelopes addressed for circulars. . . . 
Sold by the Superintendent of Doc- 
uments (pieces) '. 


c 19, 630 

C 2O, 9OI 

C 3 6 , 811 

Received by the Superintendent for 

$1, 693. 2< 

$i, 566. 43 

$i, 44^5. 95 

o Includes separate numbers of subject headings and State publications (monthly list). 
6 Includes separate numbers of State publications (monthly list). 
c Includes copyright publications. 

The publications of the Library during the past year have 
been as follows : 

Administrative : 

Report of the Librarian of Congress for the fiscal 
year ending June 30, 1916. 1916. 236 p. Plates. 
25 cm. Cloth, 40 cents. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 113 


Library of Congress publications issued since 1897. 

January, 1917. 50 p. 20 cm. 
Information for Readers in the Main Reading Room. 

1916. 15 p. 19! cm. 
Supplementary list of books in embossed type in the 

Reading Room for the Blind. 1916. 19^ cm. 

Rules and practice governing the use and issue of books. 

1916. 16 p. 13 cm. 
Bibliography Division : 

List of references on embargoes; comp. under the 
direction of H. H. B. Meyer, Chief Bibliographer. 

1917. 44 p. 25^ cm. Paper, 10 cents. 

The United States at war, organizations and literature; 
comp. under the direction of H. H. B. Meyer, Chief 
Bibliographer, with the cooperation of members of 
the Library staff . 1917. 115 p. 20 cm. Paper, 10 
Catalogue Division : 

Doctoral Dissertations. A list of American doctoral 
dissertations printed in 1915. 1916. 160 p. 23^ 
cm. Cloth, 30 cents. 
Subject headings. Additions and revisions. No. 13. 

- Preliminary list of literature subject headings 
with tentative list for Shakespeare collections. 
3d ed. 1917. 70 p. 

- Preliminary list of subject headings with 
local subdivisions. 2d ed. 1917. 32 p. 
* Subject subdivisions. Preliminary list of subject 

subdivisions. 4th ed. 67 p. 
Classification Division : 

Author notation in the Library of Congress. By Anna 
Cantrell Laws, Assistant in charge of shelflisting. 
1917. 18 p. 19! cm. 
Document Division: 

Monthly list of state publications. June-Dec. 1916; 
Jan. -May, 1917. Paper, 50 cents a year. 
- Index and title-page for the year 1915. 

* Printed as manuscript for the use of cataloguers at the L. C. Free to libraries which 
are supplying copy to be printed by the L. C. 

114 Report, of the Librarian of Congress 

Manuscript Division: 

The Manuscript collections in the Library of Congress. 
1916. 9 p. 18 cm. 

The following publications scheduled for issue during the 
fiscal year 1916-17 were retarded on account of pressure of 
departmental war work at the Government Printing Office: 

Handbook of manuscripts in the Library of Congress. 
Catalogue of ist editions of Edward MacDovvell (1861-1908). 
Franklin Pierce Calendar of manuscripts. 
Guide to the law and legal literature of Argentina, Brazil, and 


Outline scheme of classes, 1917. 
Class N, revised ed. 

Conservation of natural resources in the United States, 1912. 
Federal control of commerce and corporations, 3d ed, 1913. 
Sugar, chiefly in its economic aspects, 1910. 

Many other compilations ready for the printer are neces- 
sarily held back for lack of funds, the allotment for print- 
ing being increasingly pressed to furnish the extra copies 
of catalogue cards sold, the cost of which has to be borne 
by it although the receipts from sales are covered into the 
Treasury. Among these are important bibliographic lists, 
a large list on Cartography, Mr. Sonneck's catalogue of 
Dramatic Scores, and the remaining volumes of the Journals 
of the Continental Congress. 

Of the 25 publications issued during the past fiscal year 
eight were printed either for administrative purposes or 
for the use of cataloguers in the Library of Congress. Dis- 
tribution of these was made only upon request. 

On request of the Committee on Public Information and 
the U. S. Dept. of Agriculture, the Publications Section 
recently made up a list of the public libraries appearing on 
our various mailing lists (exclusive of the government 
depositories.) These numbered about 3000. The addresses 
are for use in connection with the distribution of the various 
agricultural bulletins and publications relating to the war. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 115 


As usual the report of the Chief Bibliographer, Mr. 
Meyer, contains statistics of inquiries dealt with, and lists 
of subjects upon which information or compilations have 
been furnished. Except as it exhibits an additional stress 
of demand and service in even- direction it is typical of 
years already reported. I omit, therefore, quotations from 
it. Among the compilations undertaken there was, how- 
ever, one unusual in character. This was "The United 
States at War," a manual issued last June describing par- 
ticularly the organizations for war time sen-ice national 
in scope. It was welcomed as of such immediate and 
practical utility that within a few weeks a second issue 
was necessary to meet the demand. 


(From the annual reports of the Custodian, Mr. Brocket!, and the 
assistant in charge, Mr. Parsons) 

Despite conditions abroad, which have not only ham- 
pered but increased the administrative work, valuable 
material has been steadily coming in. Several of the larger 
societies and institutions will continue to resen-e sets of 
their publications for the Institution, to be forwarded upon 
the termination of the war. This action leaves many gaps 
in series frequently consulted, a situation which unfortu- 
nately can not be remedied. 

The practice of sending the publications received for Receipts 
the Smithsonian Library to the Deposit from day to day, 
in order that the material in them might be made available 
to the public at the earliest moment, has been continued. 
The publications transmitted numbered 2,886, composed 
of the following: 1,736 complete volumes; 301 parts of 
volumes; 805 pamphlets, and 44 charts. Inaugural dis- 
sertations, academic and university publications have con- 

1 1 6 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

tinued to come, but in reduced numbers as compared to 
former years. In the sendings seven universities and 
technical high schools of Europe were represented. 
Documents As in the past, government documents received in ex- 

change for publications of the Smithsonian Institution, 
amounting in number to 2,349, have been sent to the 
Library without being stamped or recorded. 

An increased effort has been made to print catalogue 
cards for the society publications. " Analy ticals" should 
in due course follow. 

(From the report of the assistant in charge, Mrs. Rider) 

It has been estimated that there are 15,000 readers of 
raised type in the United States. The library lends em- 
bossed books to four per cent of that number. The bor- 
rowers are distributed among 48 states, Canada, and Cuba. 

During the year the number of borrowers increased 33 
per cent and the circulation was correspondingly augmented. 

Figures on circulation, never indicative of service ren- 
dered, fail especially to suggest the measure of service 
given to blind borrowers. Many book loans were preceded 
by detailed information about touch reading, and followed 
by help and encouragement in its mastery. 

What embossed books mean to people deprived of eye- 
sight is best understood by one who has watched a sight- 
less face glow under the stimulus of reading for the first 
time with eager fingers words forever lost to vision. Lending 
libraries are a necessity to those who read tactile print, as 
the cost and bulk of embossed books make even a meagre 
collection impossible for the average person. 

Most of those aided in learning touch reading were men 
and women losing their sight in mature years. Such per- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 117 

sons were not only taught to read, but also encouraged to 
learn typewriting and to engage again in the minor activ- 
ities of the home. Book loans often carried messages 
suggesting and assuring that blindness does not necessarily 
incapacitate one for all former responsibilities. 

Individual cases of failing vision were considered and 
referred to proper agencies for advice and employment. 

Visitors evinced increased interest in the welfare of the 
blind, and requested information on a wide variety of 
subjects. Much concern for the blind seems to have been 
awakened by the remarkable work done in Europe for men 
blinded in battle. 

Four hundred and fifty accessions during the year bring 
the collection to a total of slightly over 4.300. Of the in- 
crease, 28 were received under act of March 4, 1913, 124 
were gifts, and 287 were purchases. 

Three hundred and fifty embossed alphabets were bought 
for distribution and fifty copies of a pamphlet containing 
advice to those dealing with blind persons. 

An American religious monthly, a Swiss literary monthly 
and an English weekly were added to the list of embossed 
periodicals. The Beacon, a monthly succeeding the Braille 
review, is now published as the official organ of the National 
Institute for the Blind, London. French and German 
periodicals, customarily received, have one by one been 
discontinued for the duration of the war. 

It is gratifying to report some gain in the proportion of 
late publications done in tangible print. 

Titles were printed as usual in three dotted types, with 
the British presses leading in production. We now, how- 
ever, face the future with a happy prospect of little further 
duplication of books in several types. 

The American Association of Workers for the Blind in 
conference, June 23 to 28, unanimously voted the adoption 
of a form of Revised English Braille for universal use in 

1 1 8 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

America. Printing presses, schools and libraries are urged 
to adopt the type as soon as all details have been formulated 
by the Commission, which has in view a complete agree- 
ment with the British National Uniform Type Committee. 

A supplementary list of books in embossed type was 
issued in November. Although a modest little pamphlet 
(32 pages), it has given great satisfaction. 

From November to May weekly musicals and lectures 
were given in Pavilion 7 for the blind of the city. Three 
programs are mentioned as notable : a song recital by Miss 
Leila Holterhoff, blind lieder singer, a lecture by Sergt. 
Maj. Robert Middlemiss of the King's Own Scottish Bor- 
derers, who was blinded at Gallipoli, and an address on the 
work of the Phare de France by its founder, Miss Winifred 

No further development of the Phonopticon has yet 
rendered it of practical use for reading print by sound. The 
Optophone invented by d'Albe for the same purpose was 
lately tested in England and found of no service to a blind 


The following report of the Legislative Reference Service 
for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1917, is divided into three 
parts. The first part relates to the work of the service as 
a whole, and contains comparative statistical tables for the 
fiscal years 1915, 1916, and 1917, showing in several cate- 
gories the general disposition of the inquiries received from 
Members of Congress ; "the" second part relates to the work 
done under the supervision of the administrative assistant, 
and gives a resume under subject headings, alphabetically 
arranged, of the more important inquiries involving eco- 
nomic, statistical, and historical questions; the third part 
deals with legal inquiries, for which material was prepared 
under the direction of the Law Librarian. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 


Comparative table of legislative reference inquiries for the fiscal years 





Total inquiries 269 



Law inquiries 


Economic, statistical, and historical inquiries 

55 6 


Answered from data in reference files 


Number of inquiries from Senators 93 


Number of inquiries from Representatives 177 



Number of Senators inquiring 33 



Number of Representatives inquiring 98 

Number of Senators inquiring more than once 17 

Number of Representatives inquiring more than once 34 

Number of Senators not inquiring 66 

Number of Representatives not inquiring. . . *2 



The relatively large number of members not inquiring during the fiscal year 191 7 may 
be accounted for by reason of the fact that the period indicated covers a portion of two 
Congresses, namely, the latter part of the first session and all of the second session of the 
Sixty-fourth Congress and the first three months of the first session of the Sixty-fifth 

Comparative annual table of inquiries , by mo nths, for fiscal years 1915-1917 












December . 















NOTE. Fiscal year 1915: Congress in session Dec. 7 to Mar. 4. Fiscal year 1916: 
Congress in session Dec. 6 to June 30. Fiscal year 1917: Congress in session July i to 
Sept. 9, Dec. 4 to Mar. 4, and Apr. 2 to June 30, inclusive. 
16341 17 9 

I2O Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Summary table of inquiries, by legislative months 

Fiscal year 

Congress in 

Congress not in 

Total in- 







i> iS 







Table of inquiries, by Congress and session 

Congress and session 


Number of 

Sixty-third, third 

3 months... . 

9 months. . . . 

I, Oil 

Sixty-fourth, second 

3 months .... 


Sixty-fifth, first o 

3 months. . . . 


Legislative ref- 
erence service 

a To July i, 1917. 

(From the report of the Administrative Assistant, Mr. Collins) 

Requests for information within these fields followed 
rather closely the prevailing subjects of general interest 
before Congress. Questions relating to revenue, army 
reorganization and increase, foreign trade, industrial output 
and agricultural production, financial problems arising out 
of the war in Europe, food supply, conservation and control, 
and the like were investigated from many angles. A con- 
siderable degree of interest was shown in comparative 
foreign statistics and methods, especially as to such in- 
formation relating to Great Britain, Canada, Australia, 
New Zealand and France. Some of the more important of 
these inquiries may be grouped as follows : 

Arming merchant ships. Citation to former debates in 
Congress on armed neutrality. The results of the armed 
neutrality of 1798. The method of arming merchant ships 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 121 

in 1850 by the United States. Citations to the diplomatic 
correspondence on arming of merchant ships. 

Army. Historical sketch of armies from the earliest 
times. George Washington's view of training the militia. 
Thomas Jefferson's plans for army reorganization. Cita- 
tions for making enlistments in the army more attractive. 
A summary of the military service requirements in all 
foreign countries. Number of men in the respective stand- 
ing armies of the world about January, 1914. Organiza- 
tion of the Swiss Army. Military organization and pro- 
cedure in Canada. Recruiting statistics for the different 
provinces of Canada. Rate of pay in the various foreign 
armies. War-time pay of privates in Australia, Canada 
and New Zealand. Pay of enlisted men and term of serv- 
ice in the German Army. Medical reorganization for 
military purposes in England and France. The number 
and rank of surgeon generals in the armies of the allied 

Aviation. Size of the air fleets of foreign countries before 
the war. War-time organization and equipment of the 
aviation corps of Great Britain, France and Germany. 
General information of the progress of aeronautics in Europe 
since the outbreak of the war. , 

Censorship of the press. General discussions on censor- 
ship of the press in the United States and Great Britain. 
Debates of Clay, Calhoun, and Webster in 1835 on the free- 
dom of the press. Method of establishing censorship of the 
press during the Civil War. Citation to all previous debates 
in Congress on freedom of the press. Citation to recent 
parliamentary debates on censorship of the press in Great 
Britain. Attitude of the German press in the United States 
toward the censorship clause of the espionage bill. 

Civil service. Number of employees and scale of salaries 
of the civil servants of the governments of the principal 

122 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

foreign countries. Comparative statement of salaries in 
the civil service of the Government of the United States 
with the salaries paid by State governments and by employers 
in general. 

Cloture. Brief description of the most notable filibusters 
in the United States Senate. Comparative State senate 
procedure as to the adoption of new rules. 

Conscription. Historical sketch of conscription. Former 
debates in Congress on draft legislation. Views of Wash- 
ington, Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, and other statesmen 
on conscription. Operation of conscription in the Union 
and Confederate armies. Method of compulsory military 
service in Cromwell's new army. Origin of compulsory 
military service in Prussia and France. Summary of the 
service requirements in countries having conscription at 
the outbreak of the war in Europe. Recent parliamentary 
debates in Great Britain on the military service bill. 
Attitude of labor leaders in England toward compulsory 
service, 1917. Expressions from British officials regarding 
the necessity of conscription. Debates in the Australian 
Parliament on conscription and the result of the referendum 
relating thereto. Proportion of recruits to population 
under conscription in foreign countries. 

Education. Data on bills for vocational education in- 
troduced prior to 1916. Statements advocating voca- 
tional education for the United States. The number and 
size of technical training schools in the United States. 
Comparative statement of amounts of money appropriated 
for Indian schools and for military education during the 
past 25 years. Number and size of schools in the United 
States receiving military instruction under an Army officer 
of the United States. 

Elections. Proportion of white and colored voters in the 
Southern States before and after the adoption of the new 
constitutions. Statements on the operation of the direct 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 123 

primary in the United States. The proportion of electors 
to the vote cast in the several States. Proportionate in- 
crease in the number of electors in the woman suffrage 
States. Tabulation of the popular vote for President by 
parties from 1908 to 1916. 

Embargo. Views of Jefferson on the embargo of his 
admiriist ration. Chronological statement of embargo on 
arms to Mexico. Discussions favoring embargo on food- 
stuffs. Embargoes on various commodities by neutral 
countries since the war in Europe. 

Excess Profits. British parliamentary debates on the 
excess-profits bill of 1916. Operation of excess-profits law 
in Great Britain. Debates in the Canadian Parliament 
on the excess-profits bill of 1917. 

Food. Available world food supply. Statistics on the 
world food crops, 1916. Data on decrease of world food 
supply. Visible supply of foodstuffs in the United States, 
1917. Exports of foodstuffs from the United States 1910- 

1916. Exports of foodstuffs by United States to Great 
Britain, 1913-1916. General discussion of the food situ- 
ation in the United States. Foodstuffs useful for war 
purposes. Tabulation of profits of food and fuel corpora-, 
tions. Historical sketch of food conservation, control, and 
price fixing by governments in the past history of the 
world. Method of grain control and distribution in Rome. 
Food situation in Great Britain, France and Germany, 

1917. Method of food control in foreign countries during 
the war in Europe. Recent agricultural development for 
food production in Great Britain. Attitude of the British 
agricultural and economic press toward price fixing of 
foreign products. Data on Government guarantee of mini- 
mum prices on food products. 

Imports and exports. Total values of exports from the 
United States to Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Turkey 
for the fiscal years 1914 and 1916. Total values of United 

124 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

States imports and exports for fiscal years 1915 and 1916. 
Total imports and exports, by quantity and value, of the 
principal agricultural products as to all countries to and 
from the United States for the fiscal years 1910-1916. 
United States imports and exports of raw cotton, 1914 


1916. United States imports of coal through Pacific ports 
and western Canada for the fiscal years 1912-1916. Value 
of United States imports for horses, cattle, oats, eggs, 
and butter from October i, 1913, to October i, 1914. Total 
exports, by quantity and value, of wool and woolen goods 
from the United States for the fiscal years 1910 and 1916. 
Quantity of high-grade optical glass imported by United 
States in normal times. Proportion of- importation of 
wheat to the wheat crop in the United States. Exports, 
by value, from Great Britain and France to China, Japan, 
and South America, 1913-1916. 

Income tax. Tabulation of receipts from State income 
taxation, 1915-1916. Number of individuals paying the 
Federal income tax, 1914-1916. Amount of income tax 
collected during the Civil War. Amount of income tax 
collected by the United States since the adoption of the 
income-tax amendment. Amount of income tax collected 
by the British Government for the fiscal years 1913-1917. 

Industries. Statement on the status of raw material 
for the paper industry in the United States and Canada. 
Condition of the glass industry in Japan. Number of 
women engaged in industry in the United States. Cap- 
italization, dividends, and profits of the chief manufacturers 
of munitions in the United States. Tabulation of profits 
of the chief industrial corporations of the United States, 
1913-1916. The mobilization of industry in Great Britain. 
Data on the knitting, pottery, and glass industries of Japan. 

Liquor traffic. Comparative total values of real property 
in the wet and dry States. The control of the liquor traffic 
in relation to the army in Great Britain and France. 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 125 

National budget system. List of countries having the 
executive budget system. Budgetary practice in the 
principal foreign countries. Parliamentary and treasury 
control over expenditures under the British budget system. 
Recent articles advocating the national budget system for 
the United States. Extracts from publicists favoring the 
national budget system for the United States. Budgetary 
practice in Switzerland. Budgetary practice as to war 
expenditures in Great Britain and France. 

National wealth. Economic wealth of the United States 
as compared with the principal European countries. Value 
of urban realty, improved and unimproved, in the United 
States. National wealth of the United States in 1876 
and 1916. 

Prices. Arguments for and against the idea of price 
maintenance. Prices of country produce, September 1,1912, 
to September i, 1916. Comparative prices of hay, butter, 
and eggs in Canada and Maine for the past 10 years. Price 
of coal, iron, and steel, by months, 1914-1917. 

Production. Data on the leather trade, 1916. Amount 
of candy manufactured in the United States, 1916. Pro- 
duction of oleomargarine and renovated butter, 1916. Pro- 
duction, consumption, exportation, and average prices of 
petroleum, gasoline, and copper in the United States for 
1915 and 1916. The value of cotton crop and by-products 
in the United States in 1916. 

Revenue and expenditure. Historical sketch of the na- 
tional loans of the United States Government. Comparison 
of revenues and expenditures for the fiscal years 1913 and 
1915 by sources of revenue and main heads of expenditures. 
Inheritance tax receipts by States for 1916. Receipts and 
expenditures of Great Britain for the fiscal year 1917. His- 
torical incidents of governments placing taxation for the 
purpose of oppression or annihilation rather than for reve- 
nue alone. 

126 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Shipping. Rates paid for carrying ocean mail, 1856-1858. 
Freight rates to the United States from China and Japan, 
1917. Organization, jurisdiction, and method of procedure 
of the British board of trade, in relation to shipping. Data 
on ocean freight rates in Great Britain and France. Num- 
ber and tonnage of ships under the American flag in the 
merchant marine. 

Submarine warfare. Losses by tonnage and ships to 
American shipping. Total ships and tonnage destroyed 
since the outbreak of the war. Attitude of neutral nations 
toward submarine warfare. 

Tariff. Historical sketch of tariff commissions in the 
United States. Summarized extracts for and against the 
idea of a tariff commission. Debates in Congress on the 
tariff board of 1911. Editorial comment relating to the 
appointees of the present tariff commission. 

Trade after the war. Opportunities for American trade 
with China. Data on the consumption of foreign manufac- 
tured goods by China. Discussions bearing on economic 
reconstruction after the war. Trade agreements by foreign 
countries for commerce after the war. 

Veto. Digest of arguments in favor of the proposal to 
give the President power to veto items in appropriation 
bills. Number and character of presidential vetoes since the 
formation of the Union. 

War finance. War loans placed by belligerents in the 
United States. Table showing the issue of bonds and other 
securities by all foreign governments since the outbreak of 
the war. Contemporary discussions of war finance in foreign 
countries. Organization and method of floating war loans 
in Great Britain. Financial resources of each belligerent 
country. Total cost of the European war to date, by coun- 
tries. Total amounts raised from special war taxes, exclu- 
sive of loans, in France and Great Britain. Borrowing 
power of the United States. Conditions of banks at the 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 127 

time of the United States entry into the war. Discussions 
of methods of war taxation in the United States. 

Wars of the United States. Data on bounties paid by the 
United States during the different wars. Citation to debates 
in Congress on previous declarations of war. 

Civil War: History, organization, and function of the 
Joint Committee on the Conduct of the Civil War and de- 
bates in Congress thereon. Racial composition of recruits. 
Average ages of volunteer recruits. State quotas furnished 
for the Union Army. Comparative number of drafted with 
volunteer enlistments. Data on draft riots. Method of 
taxation, sources of revenue, and amount raised by the 
Union. Sale of bonds in foreign countries during the war. 

Revolutionary War: French loans to the United States 
during the Revolution; rate of interest and terms of pay- 
ment. Training of the militia under George Washington. 

Spanish-American War: Number of volunteers called for 
and number of enlistments thereunder. Number of wounded, 
number of deaths from wounds, and number of deaths from 
disease. Method of floating and results obtained from the 
bond issue of 1898. 

Woman suffrage. Recent votes on woman suffrage in New 
York, New Jersey, Ohio, Iowa, Massachusetts, and Ne- 
braska. List of States having woman suffrage in 1917, with 
date of adoption. Effect of woman suffrage on the pro- 
portion of electors to the population. Recent statements 
of Mrs. Pankhurst on the effect of the war on the militancy 
of the suffragettes. Views of British statesmen on woman 
suffrage since the outbreak of the war. Debates in Parlia- 
ment on the recent franchise bill allowing women to vote. 


(From the report of the Director, Mr. Thompson, Law Librarian) 
The provision for separate treatment of inquiries in the 
field of law described in the last annual report has been con- 

128 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

tinued and found to work satisfactorily. A further change 
was made when the position of Law Librarian became 
vacant on November i, 1916. It then became possible to 
unite the Law Library work with that of the legal section of 
the Legislative Reference Service under a single direction 
and to this end the Legislative Assistant in charge of the 
latter was transferred to fill the vacancy. 

In the following statement regarding the material fur- 
nished in response to inquiries involving an examination 
and report on law, the compilations and digests prepared 
are enumerated in the following groups, namely, those relat- 
ing to (i) election laws, (2) legislation during the Sixty- 
fourth Congress prior to the declaration of war, (3) parlia- 
mentary questions arising in the special session of the Senate, 
(4) the war measures, (5) constitutional law, and (6) mis- 
cellaneous legislation. 

Election laws During the summer of 1916, on account of the approaching 
elections, there were numerous requests from Members for 
information regarding State laws applicable to congressional 
elections. Two of the compilations previously prepared by 
the Legislative Reference Service were revised and printed 
'as Senate documents, namely, those . relating to "Absent 
voting" (64th Cong., 26. sess., Sen. doc. no. 659) and "Limi- 
tations on campaign expenditures" (64th Cong., 2d sess., 
Sen. doc. no. 640). Other topics treated include: repre- 
sentation of a new party on the ballot in equal-suffrage 
States; qualifications for voting in the several States citi- 
zenship, residence, registration, education, property, pay- 
ment of taxes, etc.; disqualifications for voting other than 

When there seemed to be a possibility of contests over the 
electoral .tickets in certain close States and inquiries were 
received regarding the law applicable thereto, compila- 
tions were prepared showing the State laws governing the 
choice of presidential electors and court decisions interpret- 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 29 

ing the phrase " office of trust or profit under the United 
States'" occurring in the clause of the Constitution which 
provides that no person holding such an office shall be ap- 
pointed an elector. 

The interest of Members in legislation likely to be con- 
sidered or enacted by the legislatures in their home States 
during the sessions of 1917 brought requests for the follow- 
ing comparative digests, which were accordingly prepared: 
State laws providing for appointment of precinct election 
boards and party representation thereon; primary election 
laws in force January, 1917; preferential voting in primary 
elections; conventions provided in State primary laws; 
establishment of congressional districts. 

The recurrence of interest in this field of legislation indi- 
cates that a manual of election laws revised biennially and 
issued about six months before each congressional election 
would be welcomed by Members and others. Its prepara- 
tion could be undertaken by the Legislative Reference 
Sen-ice when the appropriation is sufficiently increased to 
enable the work to be done. 

Railroad labor. To furnish information needed in con- Legislation, 64* 


nection with the preparation and discussion of legislation to 
meet the emergency arising out of the threatened railroad 
strike last August, consolidations of the Industrial Dis- 
putes Investigation Acts in Canada, the Commonwealth 
Conciliation Arbitration Acts in Australia, and the Indus- 
trial Conciliation and Arbitration Acts in New Zealand 
were prepared; and material was collected showing the man- 
ner in which wages, hours, and conditions of labor for rail- 
road employees are adjusted in countries such as France, 
Italy, Germany, Austria- Hungary, where government own- 
ership prevails. 

Shipping. In addition to the material prepared last 
year relating to the merchant marine in foreign countries, 
legislation on this subject which was enacted or considered 

130 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

during the latter part of the Sixty-fourth Congress, required 
two additional memoranda on laws affecting shipping in 
France and Italy and digests of United States laws provid- 
ing penalties for the departure of vessels without clearance 
and of Federal Court decisions relating to the control of 
wharves on navigable waters and the requirement of a com- 
petent crew on merchant vessels. 

Virgin Islands. The acquisition by the United States 
of the Danish West Indies and the establishment of a pro- 
visional government therein brought inquiries as to the 
constitution and functions of various existing local govern- 
ment authorities and the provisions of Danish law in force 
at the time of transfer. To meet these and other possible 
requests in the future for information in this field, the 
code of laws adopted April 6, 1906, and the other local 
laws of Denmark in force and effect in the islands were 
translated into English for the legislative reference files. 
This material can be revised and prepared for publication 
if either House of Congress desires to print it as a document. 
Parliamentary: As this year March 4 fell on Sunday, questions were raised 
Sokife* " relative to the time of expiration of the Sixty-fourth Congress 
and the oath of office of the Vice President. To answer 
them the precedents from 1821, 1849, and 1877, when the 
same coincidence occurred, were compiled and a digest of 
the laws governing the oath of office of the Vice President 
was made. The business which may be transacted at a 
special session of the Senate, the record of previous attempts 
at special sessions to amend the Senate rules in order to 
limit debate, and the power of the President to convene 
both Houses or either of them, were among the subjects 
on which data were furnished to Senators for use in the 
cloture discussion which ensued. 

War measures Armed ships, etc. During the period between the sever- 
ance of diplomatic relations with Germany and the declar- 
ation of war, there were numerous requests for information 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 131 

on international and municipal law bearing on the critical 
situation in our foreign relations. In many cases this 
was already available in the legislative reference files in 
the material prepared last year. The compilations added 
to the list at this time include the following subjects: 
destruction of enemy merchant vessels and rights of neu- 
trals in relation thereto; territoriality of vessels; neutral 
convoy; protection of citizens abroad subjected to per- 
sonal indignities; laws enacted under the constitutional 
power of Congress to define and punish offenses against the 
law of nations; mined areas announced by Great Britain; 
war zones declared by Germany; British Orders-in-Council 
establishing a blockade of Germany. The proposal to 
provide defensive armament for American shipping called 
for a compilation of court decisions showing the legal 
results of this policy in 1798, a chronological digest of 
United States laws authorizing the President to use armed 
forces to protect American rights without a declaration of 
war, and a statement of the law already on the statute 
book relating to the arming of merchant vessels. 

Declaration of war. The discussion of the resolution 
declaring war produced inquiries for extracts from the 
debates in the Federal convention relating to the power of 
Congress to declare war; the precedents in 1812, 1846, 
and 1898; the provisions of the Hague Convention III of 
1907 and opinions of international law writers relative to 
the opening of hostilities. In this connection also a digest 
of United States emergency legislation was prepared show- 
ing the provisions of the Federal Statutes which became 
applicable in case of war or other emergency. 

Alien enemies. The status of alien enemies then became 
of immediate importance and various compilations and 
digests on this subject were furnished to members, such as : 
Articles in treaties between the United States and Germany 
relating to war and neutrality; the provisions of the Hague 

132 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Convention VI of 1907 and extracts from international law 
authorities relating to the status of enemy merchant ships at 
the outbreak of hostilities; United States laws in force 
relating to alien enemies; a digest of British Court decisions 
on alien enemies their status durkig war ; Canadian orders 
in council providing for registration of alien enemies. Under 
this heading it may be noted also that a digest prepared last 
year on restrictions on aliens in foreign countries since the 
outbreak of the war was printed in full in the testimony 
(p. 4-18) taken by the House Committee on Immigration 
and Naturalization at hearings H. R. 20936, on a bill to 
provide for the registration of alien enemies in this country. 

Espionage and censorship. The consideration of the 
espionage bill, both in the last weeks of the Sixty-fourth Con- 
gress and after the declaration of war, called for the prepara- 
tion of memoranda showing the laws and regulations relating 
to espionage and censorship of the press in Great Britain and 
Canada and a tabular digest of penalties for injuries to or 
destruction of property in various foreign countries. A 
digest of court decisions relating to embargoes and the text 
of the resolutions of 1898 and 1912 were prepared for the 
discussion of its export control, provisions. 

Military service. The military service legislation, both 
the draft law and its predecessor in the previous Congress, 
the compulsory military training bill, brought many requests 
for material from the Military Affairs Committees in both 
Houses and from individual members. Of the compilations 
prepared, two were printed as Senate documents, namely, 
"Military Service Acts of Great Britain, 1916" (65th Cong., 
ist sess., Sen. doc. No. 9) and "Exemption from military 
service in Great Britain" (65th- Cong., ist sess., Sen. doc. 
No. 62) which includes the regulations for the local tribunals 
and a digest of decisions of the Central Appeal Tribunal. 
Other data regarding foreign legislation included : brief sum- 
maries of military systems abroad; conscription since the 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 1 33 

outbreak of the European war; national registration in 
Great Britain; the provisions for naval or military training 
and service in the commonwealth of Australia, and data re- 
lating to the referendum on the question of compulsory 
service overseas; voluntary enlistment in the Imperial 
German colonial forces and in the expeditionary force sent 
to China during the Boxer rebellion in 1900; British and 
Canadian regulations regarding the departure from the 
country of persons liable for military sendee. Information 
as to American precedents and provisions in State laws was 
furnished under the following headings: United States draft 
laws in force during the War of 1812 and during the Civil 
War; Confederate States draft laws; draft provisions in 
State militia laws; drafting of the reserve militia; defini- 
tions of "militia" in United States Statutes, 1792-1916. 

The question of the conscientious objector was treated in 
digests showing the provisions for their exemption under the 
Military Service Acts of Great Britain, in the United States 
Statutes, 1864-1916, and in State constitutions and statutes 
in force 1917. To aid in the solution of the difficult problem 
of alien residents as affected by this legislation, the writings 
of international law authorities were searched and extracts 
compiled dealing with liability of aliens to military service 
(printed later in Congressional Record, July 23, 1917, p. 
5950-5952 X ) and sovereignty in relation to the subjects of the 
State ; State election laws were examined to ascertain where 
in this country aliens who have declared their intention to 
become citizens have the right to vote; and a memorandum 
was prepared showing the law and international agreements 
relating to military sendee of citizens of Allied countries 
residing in France. Digests of United States laws provid- 
ing bounties for volunteers and those authorizing the organ- 
ization of special military units during the Spanish -American 
War were prepared upon request of members supporting 
the volunteer enlistment svstem of militarv sendee. 

134 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

To furnish information for the advocates of increased pay 
for soldiers, memoranda were prepared showing the pay and 
allowances of enlisted men in Canada, Australia, and New 
Zealand. A beginning was made with an investigation of 
allowances to families of soldiers and data was compiled for 
Canada and France; but as the Children's Bureau in the 
early part of 1917 assigned a corps of investigators to make 
a more comprehensive study of this field, its further exploi- 
tation was left to that bureau. 

Munitions. The interest of various members in the crea- 
tion of a new executive department of munitions called for 
the compilation of the British legislation establishing such a 
ministry and defining its powers, together with the rules 
promulgated for the limitation of profits in controlled estab- 
lishments and for the translation of the decrees relating to 
the French ministry of munitions, which showed the de- 
tailed organization and functions of its various bureaus and 
offices. The latter material was also furnished to the 
Council of National Defense to aid in the preparation of 
organization charts of a project for a similar department 
here. Other important related topics are represented by 
compilations of laws on requisitions of emergency in Great 
Britain, France, and Germany; a digest of provisions in 
United States statutes authorizing requisitions; data with 
regard to Government control of railroads in the United 
States during the Civil War and in Great Britain in the 
present emergency; Defence of the Realm regulations relat- 
ing to the control of mines in Great Britain; United States 
laws governing the purchase of supplies by the War Depart- 
ment; laws authorizing establishment of naval clothing 
factories at certain navy yards. 

Equally important as the legislation relating to military 
preparations were the economic war measures, namely: the 
bills for raising revenue, for the control of food and fuel, and 
prohibiting trading with the enemy. 

Report of the Librarian oj Congress 135 

Revenue and taxation. The Ways and Means Committee 
of the House and the finance Committee of the Senate used 
the Legislative Reference Sendee extensively during the 
preparation and consideration of the revenue bills of the 
Sixty-fourth and Sixty-fifth Congresses. The data asked for 
consisted principally of digests and translations of foreign 
laws bearing on the various titles of these bills. Some of the 
material required was completed before the beginning of the 
fiscal year and was referred to in the last annual report. To 
this have been added the following compilations, namely: 
the income tax laws in force in France, Australia, and New 
Zealand; tables of income tax rates in Great Britain, France, 
Australia, and Prussia; special provisions in Great Britain 
relating to differentiation between earned and unearned in- 
comes, exemptions and deductions in the case of charitable 
and religious organizations and relief in respect of adopted 
children; the excess profits duty in Great Britain and busi- 
ness-profits tax in Canada, together with a summary of war 
profits taxation in all foreign countries (printed as a Senate 
committee document) ; the text of excess profits tax laws in 
Xew Zealand, France, and the Netherlands; new taxes and 
increases in taxes (other than those on incomes and war 
profits) since August, 1914, in Great Britain and France; a 
summary of the Special War Revenue Act of Canada; tables 
showing taxes on beer and spirits in Great Britain, France, 
Italy, Russia and Germany; a comparison of the internal 
revenue taxes proposed in H. R. 4280 (65th Congress) with 
corresponding taxes levied in Great Britain and Canada. 

Food control. A series of studies in Government regula- 
tion of prices and control of food supply abroad was under- 
taken as soon as it became evident that similar legislation 
would be considered here. These covered the Acts of Parlia- 
ment, Orders-in-Council, and other data for Great Britain 
and the Dominion and provincial laws in Canada and New- 
foundland, together with Canadian Orders-in-Council com- 

16341 17 10 

136 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

mandeering wheat, creating a board of grain supervisors 
and appointing a food controller (printed in part as 6sth 
Cong., ist sess., Sen. doc. no. 47) ; the Australian State laws, 
with rules and regulations thereunder, and the Common- 
wealth war precautions (prices) rules; price regulation and 
food control in New Zealand; minimum price fixing in Great 
Britain and France; restrictions on exports (cereals, flour, 
fodder, etc/) by foreign countries; the organization of the 
Imperial Nutrition Office and the regulation of prices in 
Germany; Australian laws prescribing the weight of bread. 
For France and Germany the laws and decrees from the out- 
break of the European War were systematically examined 
and a chronological digest, with an alphabetical subject in- 
dex, of all those relating to foodstuffs was prepared. Ameri- 
can material for the same purpose included United States 
meat inspection regulations and State laws relating to im- 
mature meat ; a comparison of sections 4 and 5 of the food 
control bill, with the Sherman and Clayton Anti-trust Acts 
and the Federal Trade Commission Act; and a digest of 
State laws relating to weight of loaves of bread. 

For use in connection with the sections restricting or 
prohibiting the manufacture of intoxicating liquors during 
the war, compilations were prepared of the laws and orders 
restricting the output of beer and Defence of the Realm 
Regulations controlling the liquor traffic in Great Britain; 
limitations imposed by the Imperial German government 
on the consumption of raw materials by breweries and 
on the use of foodstuffs by distilleries; and the British 
colonial statutes restricting the liquor traffic enacted since 
the outbreak of the European War. This information 
was printed in part in the record of hearings before the 
Senate Committee on Agriculture on the food control bills 
May 7, 1917, pages 345-354 of the testimony. 

Trading with the enemy. -The bill to prohibit trading 
with the enemy pending at the close of the fiscal year 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 137 

called for a compilation of the British Trading-\vith-the 
Enemy Acts and statutory rules thereunder and the Cana- 
dian Orders-in-Council on the same subject, which has 
been printed in extenso in the Congressional Record (July 
9 P- 5343~535 2 ); a summary of the retaliatory measures 
adopted by Germany (printed as 65th Cong., ist sess., 
Sen. doc. No. 107) ; a digest of the United States Trading- 
with-the-Enemy Acts, 1812-1864; and memoranda on the 
suspension of commercial intercourse with the Confederate 
States during the Qivil War. 

The requests for briefs on constitutional law topics Constitutional 


related principally to the scope and limits of the war powers 
of the Federal Government. Many members asked for a 
general discussion of the subject and queried how far Con- 
gress might go in legislating to meet the emergency and in 
delegating its powers to the Executive and what powers 
the President could exercise in time of war in virtue of 
being Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy. Others 
sought for authoritative opinion bearing on particular 
questions involved in the war measures proposed and enacted 
such as the taking of private property for public use, freedom 
of speech and of the press, searches and seizures, the con- 
stitutionality of draft legislation, the power to fix prices, 
and the extent of Federal control over navigable waters. 
The material compiled to meet these inquiries included 
not only United States court decisions and the writings 
of constitutional lawyers, but also precedents found in the 
United States Statutes and General Orders of the War 
Department, particularly during the Civil War period, and 
in certain cases opinions delivered in the High Court of 
Australia, where under a constitution similar to ours similar 
questions have recently come up for adjudication (Con- 
gressional Record, June 20, 1917, p. 4257-4259). 

Compilations of State constitutional provisions which 
were prepared during the year related to subjects not con- 

138 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

nected with war legislation. These included such special 
topics as: veto of parts of bills, particularly appropriation 
bills; the budget amendments in Maryland and New York; 
initiative and referendum; negro suffrage; powers and duties 
of State superintendents of schools. A comparative study of 
the provisions of foreign constitutions with respect to the 
validity of legislation in relation to the judicial and legis- 
lative powers was also made. 

In addition to the above material bearing on the major 
subjects of legislation during the year, many compilations 
and digests on topics of less general interest were furnished 
to members who were preparing or considering bills for 
which statutory precedents, a statement of the law in force, 
or comparative legislation data were required, e. g. : 

United States. -Investigations by commissions or com- 
mittees authorized during the Sixty-second, Sixty-third, and 
Sixty-fourth Congresses ; appointment of the principal officers 
in executive departments; Federal jurisdiction in actions for 
debt; expert testimony; laws relating to United States prisons, 
paroles, etc., and to the Metropolitan Police of the District of 
Columbia; amendments of the criminal and judicial codes; 
special appropriations for expenses incurred in defending 
suits against United States 'officers; historical data relating 
to the currency system; labor laws of the Sixty-fourth 
Congress; court decisions construing the Federal employers' 
liability Act of 1 908 ; resolutions relating to the form of govern- 
ment in foreign countries ; acts and resolutions of Congress re- 
lating to the Botanical Garden ; Federal legislation concerning 
the blind ; bills and laws relating to a National Conservatory 
of Music; supervision of pedigree record associations by the 
Department of Agriculture; statutory precedents for national 
incorporation of religious associations. 

State. Methods of election of judges of State and county 
courts and of State and county superintendents of schools; 
appointment of receivers for public service corporations; 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 139 

title to tidal lands under Spanish and Mexican land grants; 
limitations on or prohibition of holding of real estate by 
aliens; Torrens system of recording land titles; taxation of 
intangible personal property; bucket shop laws; States 
prohibiting the intermarriage of first cousins; birth regis- 
tration laws; adoption of children; compulsory process in 
preliminary criminal proceedings power of prosecuting 
officer to issue subpoenas; abolition of capital punishment; 
employment of convict labor on the public highways; 
desecration of the United States flag. 

Foreign. Trial and punishment of civil service employees 
in Great Britain, India, Canada, Australia, and South 
Africa; civil service regulations in France; savings and loan 
bank legislation in Denmark; war restrictions on increase in 
rent and mortgage interest in Great Britain; daylight-sav- 
ing laws; regulation of export of paper-making materials 
in foreign countries; tobacco restriction orders in Great 

By the terms of the appropriation under the heading Us 

U- i -L- T- F reference files 

gislative Reference, the direct service provided for is to 

"Congress and committees and Members thereof," but as 
the files of data for or bearing on legislation have become 
more extensive as the legislative reference work has pro- 
gressed, it has become apparent that valuable assistance 
can be rendered to executive departments, bureaus, and 
commissions from the material collected or prepared for 
congressional use. Thus, for instance, the legislative refer- 
ence material gathered for use in connection with the draft- 
ing or discussion of a bill during its various stages in the 
two Houses of Congress is likely to be useful, at least in 
the initial stages of its work, to the department, bureau, or 
commission which subsequently has the duty of administer- 
ing the law when enacted. This is especially the case when 
a new Government establishment is created for the purpose. 
In the present emergency two conditions have made for 

140 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

the extended use of the legislative reference collections by 
offices in the executive departments and the emergency 
organizations auxiliary thereto, namely, the special need for 
information regarding foreign war legislation to solve 
problems similar to those which the United States now faces, 
and the extent to which bills have been prepared by execu- 
tive officers and boards or committees of the Council of 
National Defense for introduction in Congress. In several 
cases it was found that two or more distinct groups of in- 
vestigators were engaged in studying the same problem 
each without knowledge of the other's activities. Their 
requests for the same material suggested the possibility of 
unnecessary duplication of effort; and by bringing them in 
touch with each other the Legislative Reference Service 
has informally acted, to some extent, as a clearing house of 
Government investigations a function which is likely to 
become more important as its information files are developed. 

Publication , In relatively few cases are the results of legislative refer- 
ence work made available in their original form to a wider 
public. Some instances of publication in the Congressional 
Record and committee hearings, or separately as Senate 
documents and committee prints, have been noted above. 
The latter method presents the compilation or digest in a 
form much more convenient for use than the former plan, 
which buries it in a mass of other material in which it is 
difficult to find when wanted without an exact reference to 
the pages where it occurs. A more satisfactory arrange- 
ment than either of these would be publication by the 
Library of Congress as separate legislative reference bulle- 
tins. To enable this to be done, however, an addition to 
the piinting allotment would be required. 

index to Federal j n consequence of the large increase in the number of 


requests for information this year, the indexing of the stat- 
utes has been limited mainly to keeping the various files up 
to date by indexing the laws printed on sheets as they 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 141 

appear and adding the page numbers when the session laws 
are published. The work of continuation has been kept 
constantly within one or two weeks of the enactment of the 
laws, and at the end of the fiscal year the public laws were 
completely indexed to that date. 

A new section of the index has been arranged containing 
"permanent local" legislation relating to the principal Fed- 
eral jurisdictions (District of Columbia, Alaska, Porto Rico, 
Hawaii, etc.).* This is now complete from the Revised Stat- 
utes of 1873 to date, except that for Alaska and the District 
of Columbia only laws since March 4, 1903, are included, 
because the principal earlier laws in these jurisdictions are 
superseded by the respective codes. 

Some gaps existing in the private and local law index a 
year ago have now been filled, but for the current material 
published in part II of the Statutes at Large (private acts, 
current resolutions, and proclamations) index cards are not 
made until the bound volumes are published; consequently, 
none of this material beyond March 4, 1915, has as yet been 
indexed. The status of the work at the end of the fiscal 
year as reported by the chief indexer, Mr. McClenon, was as 
follows : 

Permanent general. Complete from Revised Statutes of 
1873 to June 30, 1917, except proclamations since March 
4, 1915- 

Temporary general. Complete from March 5, 1903 to 
June 30, 1917, except concurrent resolutions and proclama- 
tions since March 4, 1915. 

Permanent local. Complete from Revised Statutes of 
1873 to June 30, 1917, except Alaska and District of 
Columbia prior to March 4, 1903, and proclamations since 
March 4, 1915. 

Private and local. Complete for private acts in vol. 28 to 
38 inclusive (1893-1915), for public acts other than appro- 
priation acts from March 5, 1903, to June 30, 1917. Most 


Report of the Librarian of Congresf 

of the appropriation acts in vol. 38 and a few of those in 
vol. 39 are also included. 

Repeals and amendments. Complete from 1789 to date 
(both on cards and in the margins of an office set of the 
Revised Statutes and vol. 18-39 f the Statutes at Large). 
index to Mis "In addition to continuing the Index Analysis of the 
Federal Statutes, the index force has during the past year 
also prepared a subject index to all bills of general interest 
introduced in the 64th Congress and in the ^th Congress 
currently as received following the headings and main 
subheadings of the Index Analysis. 

BUI drafting The informal arrangement noted in the last annual report 
by which the services of Mr. Beaman and Mr. Peacock, 
two of the staff of the Legislative Drafting Department of 
Columbia University, New York, were available for Mem- 
bers and committees of Congress desiring assistance in the 
preparation of bills, is being continued in the absence of 
any official provision for bill drafting. 
Respectfully submitted 


Librarian of Congress 
The Honorable 

The Honorable 



Appendix la. Appropriations and expenditures (tables) ... . i45 -I 47 

Ib. Appropriation acts, 1917-18 149-154 

II. Report of the Register of Copyrights i55~ l8 S 

III. Manuscripts and Broadsides: List of Accessions, 

1916-17 187-200 



Object of appropriation 




Library and Copyright Office: 

$270, 660. oo 

$270, O7v 80 

$584. II 



9, 997. 35 

2. 65 


2, OOO. OO 

2, OOO. OO 

Carrier service 

960. oo 

Q34. 17 


Distribution of card 

a 44. O^Q. 26 

a 43, 1588. 16 

451. 10 

Legislative reference . 
Copyright Office 

25, ooo. oo 
104, 440. oo 

24, 930. 49 
103, 708. 09 


731. 91 

Increase of Library 


c no ooo. oo 

Purchase of periodi- 

5 ooo. oo 

dz, ooo. oo 

Purchase of law books 

e > ooo oo 

d ?. ooo. oo 

Contingent expenses 

6 7>34- 74 

d 7, 302. 18 


Total, Library and 

Copyright ! 562, 404. oo 

560, 536. 33 

i, 867. 67 

a Appropriation includes credits of $699.79 on account of sales of cards to Government 
institutions and $339.47 yet to be credited. Expenditures 1917 include outstanding 

6 Includes credits $4.74 on account of sales of photoduplications to Government insti- 

e Any unexpended balance will be available for the succeeding year. 

<* Includes outstanding indebtedness. 

Exclusive of $3,000 to be expended by the Marshal of the Supreme Court for new 
books of reference for that body. 



Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Object of appropriation 




Building and grounds: 

Care and maintenance , in- 

cluding Sunday service . 

83, 245. oo 

82, 601. 59 

643. 41 

Fuel, lights, and miscel- 


n 20, 008. 68 

d xo. QA7. 86 

60. 82 

Furniture and shelving. . . 

10, ooo. oo 

VJ vytf / 

d 99 8 3-37 


Resurfacing west drive- 

way and repairs to 

stone curb 

4, ooo. oo 

2, 62O. 28 

I. 37O. 72 

Refitting boiler room and 

> o / y / 

coal vaults 

2, =;oo. oo 

I, 024. 77 

I, 47^. 27 

j j^^ 

^ H- / / 

* J T^ / J O 

Total building and 


no, 7"\3. 68 

116, 177. 87 

^,'?7 [ ?-8i 

V? / OO 

. * 1 1 v f 

\J ' J 1 J 

Grand total 

682, 157. 68 

676, 714. 20 

5, 443. 48 

Bequest of Gertrude M. Hub- 

bard (interest account) 

6 2, 972. 45 

2, 944. 80 


Printing and binding (allot- 

ment, not appropriation). . . , 

<-209, 445. 40 

209, 196. 59 

248. 81 

"Increased $8.68 by refunds of defaulting contractors. 

6 Includes balance from preceding year in addition to appropriation of $800. 

c Allotment includes credits of $299.87 on account of sales of cards to Government 
institutions and $145.33 Y et to be credited. Includes $9,000 provided in Deficiency Act 
approved Sept. 8, 1916. 

<* Includes outstanding indebtedness. 

Appropriations and Expenditures 


Object of expenditure 


Stationery supplies $5, 527. 17 

Typewriter supplies 138. oo 

Dies, presses, rubber stamps, and numbering machines. . . . 243. 03 

Travel expenses 186. 56 

Street car tickets 75. oo 

Postage stamps and international postal cards (foreign cor- 
respondence) 235. oo 

Telegrams and long-distance telephone messages 20. 24 

Transfer charges (expressage, etc.) i. 74 

Post-office box rent, July i, 1916, to June 30, 1917 16. oo 

Tools 3. 56 

Mail-bag repairs 

Duplicator supplies 28. 76 

Photostat paper and developing powders *822. 07 

Photostat miscellaneous supplies ;. 05 

Total 7, 302. 18 

* $488.05 covered into the Treasury on account of sales of photoduplications. 



General administration: Librarian, $6,500; chief assistant 
librarian, $4,000; chief clerk, $2,500; librarian's secretary, 
$i,8oo;clerks oneSi,2OO, two at Si,ooo each; stenographers 
and typewriters one $1,200, one 840; messenger, $840; 
messenger to chief assistant librarian, $540; junior messenger, 
$420; operator of photographic copying machine, $600; in 
all, $22,440. 

Mail and delivery: Assistants one in charge, Si, 600, 
chief Si ,200, one 8960, one $780, one $600; junior messenger, 
$420; in all, $5,560. 

Order and accession: Chief of division, $2,500; assistants 
one $1,500, one $1,200, three at $960 each, two at $840 
each, two at $600 each, one $580; two junior messengers, 
at $420 each; in all, $12,380. 

Catalogue, classification, and shelf : Chief of division, 
$3,000; chief classifier, $2,000; assistants four at $1,800 
each, seven at $1,500 each, six at $1,400 each, twelve at 
$1,200 each, six at $1,000 each, fourteen at $960 each, four 
at $920 each, thirteen at $840 each, thirteen at $600 each, 
four at $540 each; six junior messengers, at $420 each; in 
all, $92,020. 

Binding: Assistants one in charge $1,500, one $960; 
junior messenger, $420; in all, $2,880. 

Bibliography: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one 
$1,500, two at $960 each, one $840; stenographer and type- 
writer, $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, $8,640. 

Reading rooms (including evening service) and special 
collections: Superintendent, $3,000; assistants two at 
$1,800 each, five at $1,200 each (including one in room for 
the blind), two at charging desk at $1,080 each, five at 
$960 each (including one for Toner library and one for 


1 50 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Washington library), one in room for the blind, $900, ten 
at $840 each, four at $600 each; stenographer and type- 
writer, $960; attendants Senate reading room, $960, 
Representatives' reading room one $960, one $840, two in 
cloakroom at $780 each, two for gallery and alcoves at 
$540 each; telephone operator, $660; four junior messengers, 
at $420 each; two watchmen, at $780 each; evening service, 
assistants five at $960 each fifteen at $840 each, two at 
$600 each; in all, $60,120. 

Periodical (including evening sendee) : Chief of division, 
$2,000; assistants chief $1,500, two at $960 each, five at 
$840 each; stenographer and typew r riter, $960; two junior 
messengers, at $420 each; in all, $11,420. 

Documents: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one 
$1,500, one $840; stenographer and typewriter, $960; junior 
messenger, $420; in all, $6,720. 

Manuscript: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants chief 
$1,500, one $960; junior messenger, $420; in all, $5,880. 

Maps and charts: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one 
$1,500, two at $960 each, one $840; junior messenger, $420; 
in all, $7,680. 

Music: Chief of division, $3,000; assistants one $1,500, 
one $1,000, two at $840 each; junior messenger, $420; in 
all, $7,600. 

Prints: Chief of division, $2,000; assistants one $1,500, 
two at $960 each; junior messenger, $420; in all, $5,840. 

Smithsonian deposit: Custodian, $1,500; assistant, $1,500; 
messenger, $780; junior messenger, $420; in all, $4,200. 

Congressional Reference Library: Custodian, $1,500; 
assistants one $1,200, one $960, one $840; two junior 
messengers, at $420 each; in all, $5,340. 

Law Library: Librarian, $3,000; assistants two at $1,400 
each, one $960, one $540, one (evening service) $1,500; 
junior messenger, $420; in all, $9,220. 

Semitic and Oriental Literature: Chief of division, $3,000; 
assistant, $1,500; junior messenger, $420; in all, $4,920. 

COPYRIGHT OFFICE: Register, $4,000; assistant register, 
$3,000; clerks four at $2,000 each, four at $1,800 each, 
seven at $1,600 each, one $1,500, eight at $1,400 each, ten 
at $1,200 each, ten at $1,000 each, eighteen at $960 each, 
two at $860 each, ten at $780 each, four at $600 each, two 

Appropriation Acts 1917-18 151 

at 5480 each ; lour junior messengers, at $420 each. Arrears, 
special sendee: Three clerks, at $1,200 each; porter, $780; 
junior messenger, $420; in all, $104,740. 

Legislative Reference: To enable the Librarian of Con- 
gress to employ competent persons to gather, classify, and 
make available, in translations, indexes, digests, compila- 
tions, and bulletins, and otherwise, data for or bearing upon 
legislation, and to render such data serviceable to Congress 
and committees and Members thereof, $25,000. 

DISTRIBUTION OF CARD INDEXES: For sendee in connec- 
tion with distribution of card indexes and other publica- 
tions of the Library: Chief of division, $3,000: chief assis- 
tant, $1,800; assistants two at $1,600 each, three at 
Si, 500 each, three at $1,400 each, four at $1,200 each, four 
at Si,ioo each, four at $1,000 each; for sendees of assis- 
tants at salaries less than $1,000 per annum and for piece- 
work and work by the hour, $17,000, including not exceed- 
ing $500 for freight charges, expressage, traveling expenses 
connected with such distribution, and expenses of attendance 
at meetings when incurred on the written authority and 
direction of the Librarian, $46,900. 

TEMPORARY SERVICES: For special and temporary ser- 
vice, including extra special services of regular employees 
at the discretion of the Librarian, $2,000. 

CARRIER SERVICE: For sendee in connection with the 
Senate and House Office Buildings, $960, or so much thereof 
as may be necessary. 

SUNDAY OPENING: To enable the Library of Congress to 
be kept open for reference use from two until ten o'clock 
postmeridian on Sundays and legal holidays, within the 
discretion of the Librarian, including the extra sendees of 
employees and the services of additional employees under 
the Librarian, Si 0,000 or so much thereof as may be 

books for the Library, including payment in advance for 
subscriptions books, and society publications, and for freight, 
commissions, and traveling expenses, and all other expenses 
incidental to the acquisition of books by purchase, gift, 
bequest, or exchange, to continue available during the fiscal 

16341 17 11 

152 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

year nineteen hundred and nineteen, $90,000, together with 
the unexpended balance of the sum appropriated for this 
object for the fiscal year nineteen hundred and seventeen; 

For purchase of books and for periodicals for the law 
library, under the direction of the Chief Justice, $3,000; 

For purchase of new books of reference for the Supreme 
Court, to be a part of the Library of Congress, and purchased 
by the marshal of the Supreme Court, under the direction 
of the Chief Justice, $2,000; 

For purchase of miscellaneous periodicals and newspapers, 


In all, $100,000 

CONTINGENT EXPENSES : For miscellaneous and contingent 
expenses, stationery, supplies, stock, and materials directly 
purchased, miscellaneous traveling expenses, postage, trans- 
portation, incidental expenses connected with the adminis- 
tration of the Library and the Copyright Office, including not 
exceeding $500 for expenses of attendance at meetings when 
incurred on the written authority and direction of the 
Librarian, $7,300. 

LIBRARY BUILDING AND GROUNDS: Superintendent, $3,600; 
clerks one $2,000, one $1,600, one $1,400, one $1,000; 
property clerk, $900; messenger; assistant messenger; two 
telephone switchboard operators; captain of watch, $1,400; 
lieutenant of watch, $1,000; eighteen watchmen, at $900 
each;, two carpenters, at $900 each; painter, $900; foreman 
of laborers, $900; sixteen laborers, at $600 each; two 
attendants in ladies' room, at $480 each, four check boys, 
at $360 each; mistress of charwomen, $425; assistant mis- 
tress of charwomen, $300; fifty-eight charwomen; chief 
engineer, $1,500; assistant engineers one $1,200, three at 
$900 each; electrician, $1,500; machinists one $1,000, one 
$900; two wiremen, at $900 each; plumber, $900; three 
elevator conductors, and ten skilled laborers, at $720 each; 
in all, $83,205. 

For extra services of employees and additional employees 
under the superintendent to provide for the opening of the 
Library Building from two until ten o'clock post meridian 
on Sundays and legal holidays, $2,800. 

For fuel, lights, repairs, miscellaneous supplies, electric 
and steam apparatus, city directory, stationery, mail and 

Appropriation Acts 1917-18 153 

delivery service, and all incidental expenses in connection 
with the custody, care, and maintenance of said building and 
grounds, including $1,400, to be immediately available, addi- 
tional for waterproofing parts of east driveway and over 
machinery; $1,075 f r fi fe hose and fittings; $8,500, to be 
immediately available, for repairing tunnel and mechanical 
book carrier connecting the Library Building and the 
Capitol; $2,300 for repairing passenger elevators; $500 for 
painting portions of roof of building; and $2,000 for point- 
ing exterior stone\vork of building, $28,000. 

For providing and installing cooling and circulating 
drinking-water system in Library Building, $5,000, to be 
immediately available. 

For furniture, including partitions, screens, shelving, and 
electrical work pertaining thereto, $10,000. 

SEC. 7. That to provide, during the fiscal year nineteen 
hundred and eighteen, for increased compensation at the 
rate of ten per centum per annum to employees who receive 
salaries at a rate per annum less than $1,200, and for in- 
creased compensation at the rate of five per centum per 
annum to employees who receive salaries at a rate not more 
than $1,800 per annum and not less than $1,200 per annum, 
so much as may be necessary is appropriated : Provided, That 
this section shall only apply to the employees \vho are appro- 
priated for in this act specifically and under lump sums or 
whose employment is authorized herein : Provided further, 
That detailed reports shall be submitted to Congress on the 
first day of the next session showing the number of persons, 
the grades or character of positions, the original rates of 
compensation, and the increased rates of compensation pro- 
vided for herein. 

Provisions in "An act making appropriations for sundry 
civil expenses of the Government for the fiscal year ending June 
thirtieth, nineteen hundred and eighteen, and for other pur- 

For such trees, shrubs, plants, fertilizers, and skilled 
labor for the grounds of the Library of Congress as may be 
requested by the superintendent of the Library Buildings, 

1 54 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

gress, including the copyright office and the publication 
of the Catalogue of Title Entries of the copyright office, 
and binding, rebinding, and repairing of library books, and 
for building and grounds, $200,000. 


FISCAL YEAR 1916-17 

WASHINGTON, D. C., July 6, 1917. 

SIR: The copyright business and the work of the Copy- 
right Office for the fiscal year July i, 1916, to June 30, 
1917, inclusive, are summarized as follows: 


The gross receipts during the year were $113,808.51. Fees ' etc - 
A balance of $9,222.53, representing trust funds and un- 
finished business, was on hand July i, 1916, making a total 
of 8123,031.04 to be accounted for. Of this amount the 
sum of $2,578.31 received by the Copyright Office was re- 
funded as excess .fees or as fees for articles not registrable, 
leaving a net balance of $120,452.73. The balance carried 
over to July i, 1917, was $10,375.33 (representing trust 
funds, $8,188.70, and total unfinished business since July 
i, 1897 20 years $2,186.63), leaving fees applied during 
the fiscal year 1916-17 and paid into the Treasury 

The yearly copyright fees have more than doubled since 
the reorganization of the office in 1897, reaching above the 
$100,000 mark during the first year of operation under the 
new copyright law, which went into effect on July i, 1909. 
The annual applied fees since July i, 1897, are: 

1897-^98 $55,926.50 

1898-99. 58, 267. oo 

1899-1900 65, 206. oo 

1900-1901 63,687.50 

1901-2 64, 687. oo 

1902-3 68,874.50 

1903-4 7 2 629. oo 

1904-5 78,058.00 

1905-6 80,198.00 

1906-7 84,685.00 

1907-8 82,387.50 

1908-9 $83,816.75 

1909-10 104,644.95 

^o-n 109,913.95 

I9 11 - 12 116,685.05 

1912-13 114,980.60 

1913-14 120, 219. 25 

5 111,922.75 


1916-17 110,077.40 

Total 1,759.853.55 


1 56 Report of the Librarian of Congress 


salaries The appropriation made by Congress for salaries in the 

Copyright Office for the fiscal year ending June 30, 1917, 
was $104,440. The total expenditures for salaries was 
$103,708.09, or $6,369.31 less than the net amount of fees 
earned and paid into the Treasury during the correspond- 
ing year. The expenditure for supplies, including station- 
ery and other articles and postage on foreign mail matter, 
etc., was $1,059.31. 

Copyright re- During the 2o fiscal years since the reorganization of the 

ceipts and fees 

Copyright Office (from July i, 1897, to June 30, 1917) the 
copyright fees applied and paid into the Treasury have 
amounted to $1,759,853.55, and the articles deposited num- 
ber 3,838,483; and the total copyright registrations have 
exceeded two millions (2,162,979). 
Excess of fees The fees ($i ,759,853.55) were larger than the appropria- 

over salaries . f , , . , , , /M . 

tions for salanes used dunng the same penod ($i ,512,795.84) 
by $247,057.71. 
Value of copy- In addition to this direct profit, a large number of the 

right deposits . ' 

3,838,483 books, maps, musical works, periodicals, prints, 
and other articles deposited during the 20 years were of 
substantial pecuniary value and of such a character that 
their accession to the Library of Congress through the 
Copyright Office effected a saving to the purchase fund of 
the Library equal in amount to their price. 


Registrations The registrations for the fiscal year numbered 111,438. 
Of these, 103,226 were registrations at $i each, including a 
certificate, and 6,220 were registrations of photographs 
without certificates, at 50 cents each. There were also 
1,992 registrations of renewals, at 50 cents each. The fees 
for these registrations amounted to a total of $107,332. 

The number of registrations in each class from July i, 
. 1911, to June 30, 1917, as compared with the number of 
entries made the previous year, is shown in Exhibit F. 


Articles depos- The various articles deposited in compliance with the 
copyright law which have been registered, stamped, in- 

Register of Copyrights 157 

dexed, and catalogued during the fiscal year amount to 
195,627. The number of these articles in each class for the 
20 fiscal years is shown in Exhibit G. 

The copyright act which went into force on July i, 1909, TRANSFERRED TO 
provides for the gradual elimination of the accumulated Books 
copyright deposits (sees. 59 and 60). During the year books 
desired for the Library to the number of 6,598 volumes 
(including 1,134 foreign books and pamphlets) have been 
forwarded through the Order Division. These selected 
books were in addition to the "first" copies of copyright 
books sent forward as received from day to day, numbering 
1 1,579 f r the fiscal year. -In addition, there has been trans- 
ferred upon the Librarian's order a collection of books and 
pamphlets relating to American poetrv and printed dramas American poetry 

and drama 

by American authors, numbering 942 pieces, thus making a 
total of 19,1 19 books and pamphlets delivered to the Library 
from the Copyright Office during the year. 

Of musical compositions 32,045 were deposited and regis- Slt ^ ical comtK> - 
tered during the year, and of these 19,049 were selected and 
transferred to the Music Division. There were also trans- 
ferred 1,418 musical compositions that were registered prior 
to 1909 under the old law. All of the 1,529 maps registered 
during the year were placed in the Map Division. Out of - Ua ^- rfc - 
the total of 19,078 photographs, engravings, and other "pic- 
torial illustrations" entered, 3,480 were selected and for- 
warded to the Print Division for permanent deposit. Of 
the 25 daily newspapers registered, both copies of 17 (8 
being rejected) were promptlv sent to the Periodical Division, ^'e^spapen 

' and magazines 

and 1,254 magazines and periodicals, including weekly news- 
papers, out of the 1,647 different journals received, were also 
transferred to that division ; while the copies received in the 
case of 393 of the least important publications, registered 
under the designation "periodical," have been returned dur- 
ing the year to the copyright claimants, not being required 
by the Library. 

The act of March 4, 1909 (sec. 59), provides for the 
transfer to other "governmental libraries" in the District of*" 
Columbia "for use therein" of such copyright deposits as 
are not required by the Library of Congress, and during the 
present fiscal year 5,081 books were selected by the librarians 
and thus transferred to the libraries of the following: De- 

158 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

partments (Agriculture, Commerce, Navy, and Treasury); 
Bureaus (Education, Fisheries, Mines, Standards) ; Engineer 
School, Federal Trade Commission, Hygienic Laboratory, 
Internal Revenue Office, and the Public Library of the 
District of Columbia. 
Reium of depos- Under the provisions of the act of March 4, 1909, authority 

tts to copyright 

claimants is granted also for the return to the claimants of copyright 

of such copyright deposits as are not required by the 
Library or Copyright Office. The notice required by section 
60 has been printed for all classes of works deposited and 
registered during the years January i, 1900, to June 30, 
1914. In response to special requests, 9,649 motion-picture 
films have been returned to the copyright claimants, and of 
the current deposits not needed by the Library of Congress 
the following have also been so returned: 15,464 "books" 
(pamphlets, leaflets, etc.), 398 photographs, 16,963 prints, 
11,326 periodicals, 3,415 pieces of music; a total of 57,215 
pieces. The total number of articles thus transferred during 
the year or returned to the copyright claimants amounts to 
nearly one hundred and fifty thousand pieces (147,912). 
Requests for co t>- j n response to inquiries received during the year from the 
Card Section, the Order Division, and the Reading Room in 
regard to 342 books supposed to have been copyrighted but 
not found in the Library, it was discovered that 22 of these 
works were actually in the Library, 53 of the books had been 
deposited and were still in the Copyright Office, 55 works 
were either not published, did not claim copyright, or for 
other reasons could not be deposited, and in the case of 53 
works no answers to our letters of inquiry had been received 
up to June 30, 1917. Copies were received of 159 works 
in all in response to requests made by the Copyright Office 
during the period of twelve months for the works published 
in recent years. 



index cards fhe copyright registrations are indexed upon cards. The 

cards made are first used as copy for the printed catalogue 
and after printing are added to the permanent card indexes 
of the copyright entries. 

Register of Copyrights 


- ol 


The Catalogue of Copyright Entries has been continued, - 

1 - (-opyngnt t-ntries 

as required by law, by the publication of five volumes for 
the calendar year 1916, containing a total of 7,074 pages 
of text and indexes. 

Each part of the catalogue is sold separately at a nominal 
annual subscription rate within the maximum price estab- 
lished by law, as follows: 

Part i , groups i and 2, books and pamphlets, etc ............... $i. oo 

Part 2 , periodicals ............................................. 50 

Part 3, musical compositions ................................. i. oo 

Part 4, works of art, photographs, etc ........................... 50 

The price of the entire catalogue is $3 for the year. The 
subscriptions, by express provisions of the copyright act, 
are required to be paid to the Superintendent of Documents 
(Office of the Public Printer, Washington, D. C.), and all 
subscriptions must be for the complete year for each part 

Copyright Office Bulletin No. 14 was reprinted during the 
year (66 pp. 8), the added matter being the full text of the 
three acts amendatory of the copyright act of March 4, 
1909, namely the acts approved August 24, 1912, March 2, 
1913, and March 28, 1914. 

The copyright order in council of New Zealand, issued 
on February 2, 1916, at Wellington, and the presidential 
proclamation of February 9, 1917 (both effective on De- 
cember i, 1916), were printed as Information Circular 
No. 56. (5 pp. 8.) 

The printing of the Catalogue of Dramatic Compositions dra^'^ig 
copyrighted in the United States, 1870-1916, is nearing 
completion. The list and its supplement make 2,831 pages, 
of which 2,526 have been issued in signatures and the re- 
maining 305 are in proof. The index to the volumes is now 
ready and at the printer's. 

Bulletin no. 17, containing decisions of United States 
courts involving copyrights will be followed by Bulletin no. 
1 8, continuing the series and including not only Federal 
decisions, but also cases decided in the State courts as well 
as departmental opinions relating to the law of literary 
property and kindred subjects. This publication is now in 
type and will shortly be ready for distribution in a cloth- 
bound volume of more than 500 pages, which can be sub- 
scribed for at a nominal price. 


160 Report of the Librarian of Congress 


Summary of Balance on hand July i, 1016. . $0,222. 

copyright business _. 

Gross receipts July i, 1916, to June 30, 1917. 113,808. 51 

1 Total to be accounted for 123, 031. 04 

Refunded 2, 1578. 31 

Balance to be accounted for $120, 452. 73 

Applied as earned fees no, 077. 40 

Balance carried over to July i, 

Trust funds $8, 188. 70 

Unfinished business July i, 
1897, to June 30, 1917, 
20 years 2, 186. 63 

Jo. 375- 33 

120, 452. 73 

Total fees earned and paid into Treasury during the 20 

years from July i, 1897, to June 30, 1917 i, 759, 853. 55 

Total unfinished business for 20 years 2, 186. 63 


Fees Fees for registrations, including certificates, 

at $i each $103, 226. oo 

Fees for registrations of photographs with- 
out certificates, at 50 cents each 3, no. oo 

Fees for registrations of renewals, at 50 cents 

each 996. oo 

Total fees for registrations recorded 107, 332. oo 

Fees for certified copies of record, at 50 cents 

each 859. oo 

Fees for recording assignments i, 469. oo 

Searches made and charged for at the rate of 

50 cents for each hour of time consumed . 1 58. oo 

Notices of user recorded (Music) 152. oo 

Indexing transfers of proprietorship 107. 40 

2, 745. 40 

Total fees for fiscal year 1916-17 no, 077. 40 


Entries Number of registrations 109, 446 

Number of renewals recorded i, 992 


Number of certified copies of record i, 718 

Number of assignments recorded or copied i, 013 

Register of Copyrights 161 

The greater part of the business of the Copyright Office Correspondence 
is done by correspondence. The total letters and parcels 
received during the fiscal year numbered 139,062, while the 
letters, parcels, etc., dispatched numbered 146,332. Let- 
ters received transmitting remittances numbered 42,354, 
including money orders to the number of 28,160. During 
the last 20 fiscal years the money orders received numbered 
more than half a million (536,990). 


(a) Current -work 
On Tulv 6, 1917, the remittances received up to the third Condition of cur- 

J J rent -work 

mail of the day had been recorded. The account books 
of the bookkeeping division were written up and posted 
to June 30, and the accounts rendered to the Treasury De- 
partment were settled up to and including the month of 
June, while earned fees to June 30, inclusive, had been 
paid into the Treasury. 

All copyright applications received up to and including 
June 30 bad been passed upon and refunds made. The 
unfinished business amounted on June 30, 1917, to $2,186. 63. 
Of this, however, a large sum represented business for the 
fiscal year, held awaiting answers to letters from the Copy- 
right Office in regard to informalities, etc. 

At the close of business on July 6, 1917, of the works 
deposited for copyright registration up to and including 
June 30 all had been recorded except 213 entries in Class A 
and 107 in Class B. Assignments to the number of 10 were 
in hand unrecorded. There remained to be indexed: Class 
A, Books, 275; Class D, Dramas, 8; Class E, Music, 674; 
Class F, Maps, 20; Class G, Works of Art, 80; Class K, 
Prints, 130. 


I. Legislation 

The Sixty-fourth Congress closed without action by the Copyright bills 
Senate on the two copyright bills described in my last year's 
report (pp. 185-188), which had been passed by the House 
and referred to the Senate Committee on Patents, namely, 
H. R. 8356 and H. R. 13981. 

1 62 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

On August 4, 1916, a bill was introduced in the House of 
BUI H.R. 1721)4 Representatives by Hon. George S. Graham (H. R. 17294, 
64th Cong., ist sess.) * to provide a remedy for failure 
to make deposit of the required copies within the time 
fixed by the statute, by legalizing such deposits made prior 
to January i, 1917. The bill was referred to the House 
Committee on Patents. 

Two copyright bills have been reintroduced during the 
first session of the Sixty-fifth Congress. On April 3, 1917, 
Hon. Charles B. Smith, of New York, presented (as H. R. 
BUI H.R. 343 343) 2 his former bill (H. R. 13348 see my Annual Report 
for 1915-16, p. 190) amending section 25 of the act of 
1 909 to provide that the maximum damages for infringement 
by a newspaper reproduction of a copyrighted photograph, 
print, or pictorial illustration shall be $250; and amending 
section 40, providing for the costs of a suit to add the pro- 
viso "that if only the minimum amount specified in this 
act for damages shall be awarded, each party shall pay his 
own costs." The bill was referred to the Committee on 
Patents and ordered to be printed. 

On the same day (Apr. 3, 1917) Hon. Luther W. Mott 
' presented the bill (H. R. 365) 3 proposing to add to the list 
of classes of copyright works named in section 5 of the 
Copyright Act of March 4, 1909, "Labels, trade-marks, 
firm names, and special designs, pictures, prints, wrappers, 
cartons, containers, and advertisements which are specifi- 
cally created for individual trades, manufactures, or busi- 
nesses, engraved, printed, colored, or produced in any 
manner whatsoever." The bill was referred to the Com- 
mittee on Patents and ordered to be printed. 

ri f iigns cot>y ~ In my last year's report (pp. 194-195) I reported on 
various bills which had been presented to Congress up to 
April 15, 1916, proposing legislation to secure copyright 

1 1916 (Aug. 4). A bill relating to copyrights. Presented by Mr. Graham. H. R. bil]l 
17294. 64th Cong., i st sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.- 

2 1917 (Apr. 3). A bill to amend the provision regarding newspapers in clause (b) of 
section 25 of an act entitled "An act to amend and consolidate the acts respecting copy- 
right," approved Mar. 4, 1909, as amended by an act approved Aug. 24, 1912, and also to 
amend section 40 of said act. Presented by Mr. Smith of New York. H. R. bill 343, 
6sth Cong., ist sess. Printed, 2 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Patents.] 

3 1917 (Apr. 3). A bill to amend the copyright law passed Alar. 4, 1909. Presented 
by Mr. Mott. Bill H. R. 365, 6sth Cong., ist sess., printed, 3 pp. 4. [Referred to the 
Committee on Patents.] 

Register of Copyrights 163 

for designs for articles of manufacture. On August 4, 
1916, a new draft of the original bill was presented to the 
House by Hon. Martin A. Morrison (H. R. I729O). 1 This 
bill was favorably reported by the House Committee on 
Patents on August 18, 1916 (see my last year's report, p. 
195 H. R. Report Xo. 1 1 a 

The bill as favorably reported to the House was intro- 
duced to the Senate by Hon. Thomas Taggart on August 
22, 1917 (S. 692 5 i, 3 was read twice and referred to the Com- 
mittee on Patents. Public hearings on the bill were had 
before a subcommittee of the Senate Committee on Patents 
on January 24, 1917,* but the bill was not reported. On 
February 9, 1917, Hon. Martin A. Morrison, at that time 
chairman of the House Committee on Patents, presented 
a revised bill (H. R. 20842 i 5 which was ordered to be printed BMH. R. 20842 
and referred to the Committee on Patents. Xo further 
action is recorded. 

The various bills "to amend and revise the laws relating bi ^ Mic *"****<> 
to printing and binding and the distribution of publica- 
tions for Congress" reported on in my last year's report 
(p. 1931 had contained a provision that "no Government 
publication nor any portion thereof shall be copyrighted." 
The revised bill introduced in the Senate by Hon. William 
E. Chilton on January 10, 1917 (S. 7795)," contained a defi- 
nition of "Government publication" and the prohibition of 
copyright quoted above (sec. 18, par. i). The Senate 
Committee submitted a detailed report on this bill on 

' 1916 (Aug. 4). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr. 
Morrison. Bill H. R. 17290, 64th Cong., istsess. Printed, 23 pp. 4. [Referred to the 
Committee on Patents.] 

* 1916 (Aug. 18). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Committed to the 
Committee of the Whole House on the state of the Union. Bill H. R. 17290 (H. R. 
Report No. 1125), 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 23 pp. 4". 

* 1916 (Aug. 21, calendar day, Aug. 22). A bill providing for the registration of de- 
signs. Presented by Mr. Taggart. Bill 8.6925. 64th Cong., ist sess. Printed, 23 pp. 4. 
[Referred to the Committee on Patents.] 

* Registration of designs. Hearings before a subcommittee of the Committee on 
Patents, United States Senate, 64th Cong., 2d sess., on S. 6925, an act providing for the 
registration of designs. Printed for the use of the Committee on Patents. [January 24, 
1 9 1 "-] 75 PP- 8. Washington, Government Printing Office, 1917. 

s 1917 (Feb. 9). A bill providing for the registration of designs. Presented by Mr. 
Morrison. Bill H. R. 20842, 64th Cong., 2d sess. Printed, 23 pp. 4. [Referred to 
the Committee on Patents.] 

6 1917 (Jan. 10). A bill to amend and revise the laws relating to printing and binding 
and the distribution of publications for Congress. Presented by Mr. Chilton. Bill S. 
7795, 64th Cong., 2d sess. Printed, 28 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on Printing.] 

164 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

January n, 1917,* which report contained a reference 
to the clause concerning copyright. This bill passed the 
Senate on February 6, 1917. The House of Represen- 
tatives has taken no action upon the Senate bill; but on 
BiUH.R.2io2i 'February 22, 1917, a substitute bill (H. R. 2io2i) 2 was 
introduced in the House by Hon. Henry A. Barnhart. In 
this draft, section 18, containing the provision quoted pro- 
hibiting copyright in Government publications has been 
stricken out. 

II. International Copyright Relations 

Copyright rela- 

zianT lk The only action to report during the fiscal year concerning 

President's Proc- copyright relations between the United States and foreign 
lamation Feb. Q, countr j e s is the issuance of the proclamation by the Presi- 
dent on February 9, 1917, extending to citizens of New 
Zealand the benefits of section i (e) of the Copyright Act 
of March 4, 1909, to secure "copyright controlling the parts 
of instruments serving to reproduce mechanically the musical 
work, in the case of such musical compositions by the com- 
posers of New Zealand as have been published since Decem- 
ber i, 1916, and have been duly registered for copyright in 
the United States." 

New Zealand This proclamation was issued by agreement in exchange 
order in c^ndi fof an Qrder ^ n Counc ii by the Governor of New Zealand, 

dated February 2, 1916, to go into effect on December i, 
1916, to secure protection in New Zealand for the unpub- 
lished works of American authors. 3 

1 1917 (Jan. n). A bill to amend and revise the laws relating to printing and binding 
and the distribution of publications for Congress. Reported by Mr. Chilton, without 
amendment. Bill S. 7795 (.S. Report No. 910), 64th Cong., 26. sess. Printed, 28 pp. 4. 

* 1917 (Feb. 22). A bill to amend and revise the laws relating to printing and binding 
and the distribution of publications for Congress. Presented by Mr. Barnhart. Bill 
H. R. 2ioai, 64th Cong., 2d sess. Printed, 23 pp. 4. [Referred to the Committee on 

3 This order directs that the Copyright Act of 1913 of New Zealand shall apply: 

'' (a) To literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works the authors whereof were at the 
time of the making of the works citizens of the United States of America, in like manner 
as if the authors had been British subjects: 

" (h) In respect of residence in the United States of America, in like manner as if such 
residence had been residence in New Zealand: 

"Provided that (i) the term of copyright within New Zealand shall not exceed that 
conferred by the law of the United States of America: (ii) the enjoyment of the rights 
conferred by this Order shall be subject to the accomplishment of the conditions and 
formalities prescribed by the law of the United States of America: (Hi) in the application 
to existing works of the provisions of section 32 of the Copyright Act, 1913, the commence- 
ment of this Order shall be substituted for the ist July, 1913, in paragraph (h) of subsec- 
tion (i)." 

The full texts of the Order in Council and the President's Proclamation are printed 
as Addenda I to this Report, pp. 183-185. 

Register of Copyrights 165 

This New Zealand Order in Council is in exact agreement 
with the similar British Order of February 3, 1915, to secure 
copyright protection for the unpublished works of American 
authors in exchange for the extension to British composers 
of the benefits of section i (e) of our Copyright Act of 1909, 
to enable them to control the reproduction of their musical 
works by means of mechanical contrivances, such as per- 
forated music rolls or musical records. By the terms of the 
British Order the protection for unpublished works by 
American authors was extended to Great Britain and the 
British Colonies and Possessions with the express exception 
of the self-governing dominions of Australia, New Zealand, 
Canada, Newfoundland, and South Africa. 

Our International Copyright Relations 

More than a quarter of a century has now elapsed since 
the copyright protection granted by law in the United States 
was extended to the works of foreign authors, under certain 
conditions, by the provisions of the Copyright Act of March 
3, 1891. The fundamental condition was the existence of 
reciprocal protection in the foreign country, and this was to 
be determined from time to time by proclamation of the 
President. 1 

On July i, 1891 (the date upon which the copyright act 
went into effect), the President issued the first copyright 
proclamation under the provisions of the act in behalf of 
the authors of Belgium, France, Great Britain and the 
British possessions, and Switzerland. 2 

The protection extended in the United States to the 
authors of each of these countries was that accorded by our 

1 Section 13 of the act of 1891 provides. "That this act shall only apply to a citizen 
or subject of a foreign state or nation when such foreign state or nation permits to citizens 
of the United States of America the benefit of copyright on substantially the same basis 
as [to] its own citizens; or when such foreign state or nation is a party to an international 
agreement which provides for reciprocity in the granting of copyright, by the terms of 
which agreement the United States of America may, at its pleasure, become a party to 
such agreement." 

2 By subsequent proclamations issued at different dates copyright privileges in the 
United States have been extended on the dates stated to the authors of the following 
European countries: Apr. 15 1892, Germany; Oct. 31, 1892, Italy; May 8, 1893, Denmark; 
July 20, 1893, Portugal; July 10, 1895, Spain; Nov. ro, 1899, The Netherlands; July i, 
1905, Norway; Sept. 20, 1907, Austria; June 29, 1910, Luxemburg; May 26, 1911, Sweden; 
Oct. 4, 1912, Tunis; Oct. 15, 1912, Hungary, the first European country with which 
the United States made a copyright treaty. 

1 66 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

copyright laws and could only be secured upon full compli- 
ance with all the conditions and formalities prescribed by 
those laws. Registration was required in our copyright 
office upon the obligatory deposit ("on cr before the day of 
publication in this or any foreign country"') of a "printed 
copy of the title" of the author's work; and the deposit was 
insisted upon of two copies of every published work "not 
later than the day of publication thereof in this or any for- 
eign country," as well as " a copy of every subsequent edition 
wherein any substantial changes shall be made. ' ' Each copy 
of every work was required to carry the copyright notice, 
and in the case of some works (chromos, lithographs, and 
photographs) the law required them to be remanufactured 
in the United States, while the author of a book, whether he 
was a native or foreigner, could not protect it at all unless 
it had been printed in this country from type set within the 
limits of the United States; and to lend support to this 
printing requirement the general importation was prohibited 
of copies not so printed. A foreign author, therefore, was 
obliged to arrange for and complete the reprinting of his 
book in the United States before he could safely proceed 
with its publication in his own country, and he was under 
the necessity, moreover, to deposit such reprinted copies here 
(after antecedent registration of the title) not later than the 
day upon which his book was published abroad. These re- 
quirements proved a serious burden on the foreign author 
and greatly curtailed the protection which he could actually 
Books in foreign secure under our copyright laws. The obligation to reset 

languages * J 

in the United States books printed in languages other than 
English proved practically prohibitive of any protection at 
all, and prevented the foreign author of such books from 
securing copyright in the United States. Under the amend- 
atory acts of January 7, 1904, and March 3, 1905, ad interim 
protection was provided for terms of one and two years and 
the extension of the protection to the full term of copyright 
was secured if an American edition , either of the original foreign 
work or of an English translation, were produced within the 
period of the ad interim term. The act of March 4, 1909, 
finally excepted from the requirement to reprint a book in 
the United States if it were "a book of foreign origin in a 
language or languages other than English. ' ' This act further 

Register of Copyrights 167 

abolished the useless preliminary filing of the title page, and 
by the amendatory act of March 28, 1914, it was provided 
that one copy could be deposited in lieu of two, "if the work 
is by an author who is a citizen or subject of a foreign state 
or nation and has been published in a foreign country," and 
this deposit is not required to be made until after the pub- 
lication of the work in the author's own country. 

The act of March 4, 1909, amended the law "to secure 
copyright controlling the parts of instruments sen-ing to 
reproduce mechanically a musical work," and presidential 
proclamations have been issued to secure that right in the 
United States for the citizens or subjects of Germany 
(December 8, 1910); Belgium, Luxemburg, and Norway 
(June 14, 1911); Cuba (November 27, 1911); Hungary 
(October 15, 1912); Great Britain (not including Canada, 
Australia, New Zealand, Newfoundland, or South Africa 
January i, 1.915); Italy (May i, 1915); New Zealand 
(February 9, 1917). 

With Latin America our copvright relations began with Copyright reio- 

KJ , turns u-itk South 

the issuance ot presidential proclamations, under the act -^ 

of March 3, 1891, in behalf of Mexico (February 27, 1896); 
Chile (May 25, 1896); Costa Rica (October 19, 1899); and 
Cuba (November 17, 1903) ; securing to the authors of these 
countries access to the benefits accorded by our copyright 
laws upon compliance with the formalities prescribed by 
those laws. 

On April 9, 1908, the President proclaimed the Convention Convention of 
between the United States and other powers on literary and 
artistic copyrights, signed at the City of Mexico on January 
27, 1902. This treaty (the second Pan-American copyright 
convention) went into effect on July i, 1908, as between the 
United States and Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, 
Nicaragua, and Salvador. This was superseded by the Convention 
Convention on Literary and Artistic Copyright (the fourth 
Pan-American copyright convention) signed at Buenos 
Aires on August n, 1910, by the United States and all the 
Central and South American States, except Bolivia. It was 
ratified on March 12, 1911, but was not proclaimed until 
July 13, 1914, as then in effect between the United States 
and the Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Guatemala, Hon- 

16341 17 - 12 

1 68 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

duras, Nicaragua, and Panama. Notice has been received 
of the subsequent adhesion to this convention of Bolivia, 
Brazil, Costa Rica, Paraguay, and Salvador. Under 
article one of this treaty "The signatory States acknowledge 
AND PROTECT the rights of Literary and Artistic Property 
in conformity with the stipulations of the present Conven- 
tion." Article two enumerates the "Literary and artistic 
works" protected (books, music, original works of art, etc.) 
including, finally, "all productions that can be published 
by any means of impression or reproduction." Article 
three of the Convention provides that 

"The acknowledgment of a copyright obtained in 
one State, in conformity with its laws, shall produce its 
effects of full right, in all the other States, without the 
necessity of complying with any other formality, pro- 
vided always there shall appear in the work a statement 
that indicates the reservation of the property right." 

Copyright reia- The first treaty by the United States dealing exclusively 

tions -with Japan: ... ., t a. j *._ "T 

Treaty 0/1905 with copyright was negotiated with Japan and was signed 
at Tokio on November 10, 1905, and was proclaimed by the 
President on May 17, 1906. It was followed by two treaties 
with Japan signed at Washington on May 19, 1908, and pro- 
claimed on August n, 1908, for the reciprocal protection 
in CHINA and KOREA for patents for inventions, designs, 
trade-marks, and copyrights. 

Copyright reia- O ur copyright relations with Great Britain were estab- 

tnd with Ew(7 "lished by the President's proclamation of July i, 1891 (in 

accordance with the provisions of section 13 of the act of 

March 3, 1891), and were confirmed by the proclamation of 

April 9, 1910, following the enactment of the consolidated 

copyright statute of March 4, 1909. The new copyright 

Rights n wder privileges accorded by section i (e) of that act (to control 

Britain 'and New the reproduction of music by mechanical instruments) were 

extended to Great Britain on January i, 1915, and to New 

Zealand on December i, 1916, in exchange, in the case of 

each country, for an Order in Council securing to citizens 

Register of Copyrights 169 

of the United States protection in Great Britain and New 
Zealand for their unpublished works. 

The copyright relations between the United States and Unsatisfactory 

copyright relations 

Great Britain, which have now existed for more than a 

quarter of a century, have never been either complete or 

satisfactory. They have never been nor are they now in 

any exact sense "reciprocal." The protection accorded American au- 

American authors has been incomplete and inadequate and 

especially uncertain and unsatisfactory as regards security 

for literary property in Canada and Australia. On the 

other hand, the authors of Great Britain and her English- L British authors 

3 burdened 

speaking dominions have found their copyright protection 
in the United States heavily handicapped, in the case of 
books and prints, by the requirement of remanufacture in 
the United States. The privileges conferred have also 
been burdened with compulsory registration and the obli- 
gation to deposit copies. 

The exigencies of the great war have brought hampering b 
conditions of a new kind through the necessity upon the 
part of Great Britain to prohibit the importation of printed 
books and music "imported otherwise than in single copies 
through the post." This prohibition has put a stop to the 
usual methods taken by American publishers for securing 
the publication of their works, especially music, in England; 
and it has become very difficult, if not almost impossible, 
to take the steps required by the British Copyright Act in 
order to secure copyright in Great Britain for published 
works by American authors. This embargo upon printed bJr 
books and music also prevents American publishers from" 9 *" 
supplying through the ordinary business channels the 
English demand for such works by United States authors. 
This situation may result in very serious losses, more es- 
pecially to those American authors whose works might be 
the basis for lucrative motion-picture rights or profitable 
dramatic representation, and to American composers of 
music who, if protected, could profitably dispose of their 
rights to authorize the making of perforated music rolls or 
phonographic records from their music. 

So far as the authors of Great Britain and their brother ^- 
authors of the great English colonial commonwealths are 
concerned, the protection securable in the United States for 

1 70 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

their literary productions under our copyright relations is 
also inadequate and must, besides, seem unreasonably bur- 
dened with difficult and unusual conditions. A comparison 
of the actual copyright situation of British authors with 
that of United States authors, so far as securing reciprocal 
protection in the other country is concerned, shows marked 
Un published and unfavorable differences. While the unpublished works 

works A 

of American authors are now protected in Great Britain 
without any formalities, exactly as if the authors of such 
works were British subjects, or were resident within Great 
Britain, the British author in order to secure copyright in 
the United States for such unpublished works as are pro- 
tected by copyright must file a claim for registration, to- 
gether with a copy of the work or an identifying reproduc- 
tion of it if it be a work of art, and must also pay a fee for 
each registration made. 
Published -works: In the case of published works the inequality is still more 

American authors . . , . 

marked. An American author can secure copynght in 
Great Britain by simply placing his work on sale there 
simultaneously with, or within 14 days after, publication of 
the work in the United States. There is no obligation to 
manufacture the work abroad, or to register it, or to insert 
any notice of copyright in it. In the case of a book it is 
not required that it be printed or bound in Great Britain; 
copies of the American edition can be sold there without 
restriction. The only absolute obligation upon the Ameri- 
can author (imposed upon the British author as well) is the 
deposit of one copy of the author's book in the British 
Museum. In addition, if a written demand for any specific 
book is made within one year after its publication by any 
one or more of five other great British libraries, such book 
must also be delivered for the use of the library. 
Published works.- Our copyright laws require of the British author that one 

British authors in /< 1 / -HIT _c i \i 

the united states, copy of his work (since Mar. 28, 1914, formerly two) Le 
deposited for registration; the manufacture in the United 
States of lithographs and photo-engravings, and, in the 
case of books, that they be printed in the United States 
from type set within the United States, and also that an 
affidavit of such American typesetting be filed. The 
United States notice of copyright must appear in all copies 
sold or distributed in the United States, and copies of the 

Register of Copyrights 171 

original authorized edition of the English author's book are 
prohibited importation for sale, except under special 
restrictions. 1 
The' result has been that only a small proportion of the Failure to seme 

r r . L ntted States pro- 

books published from year to year in Great Britain have fec.^- 

been republished and copyrighted in the United States. An 

1 SEC. 31. That during the existence of the American copyright in any book the impor- Prohibition of 
tation into the United States of any piratical copies thereof or of any copies thereof importation 
(although authorized by the author or proprietor) which have not been produced in 
accordance with the manufacturing provisions specified in section fifteen of this act, 
or any plates of the same not made from type set within the limits of the United States, 
or any copies thereof produced by lithographic or photo-engraving process not performed 
within the limits of the United States, in accordance with the provisions of section 
fifteen of this act shall be, and is hereby, prohibited: Provided, however. That, except as 
regards piratical copies, such prohibition shall not apply: 

(a) To works in raised characters for the use of the blind; 

(6) To a foreign newspaper or magazine, although containing matter copyrighted in 
the United States printed or reprinted by authority of the copyright proprietor, unless 
such newspaper or magazine contains also copyright matter printed or reprinted without 
such authorization; 

(c) To the authorized edition of a book in a foreign language or languages, of which 
only a translation into English has been copyrighted in this country; 

(d) To any book published abroad with the authorization of the author or copyright 
proprietor when imported under the circumstances stated in one of the four subdivi- 
sions following, that is to say: 

First. When imported, not more than one copy at one time, for individual use and not 
for sale; but such privilege of importation shall not extend to a foreign reprint of a book 
by an American author copyrighted in the United States; 

Second. When imported by the authority or for the use of the United States; 

Third. When imported, for use and not for sale, not more than one copy of any such 
book in any one invoice, in good faith, by or for any society or institution incorporated 
for educational, literary, philosophical, scientific, or religious purposes, or for the en- 
couragement of the fine arts, or for any college, academy, school, or seminary of learning, 
or for any State, school, college, university, or free public library in the United States; 

Fourth. When such books form parts of libraries or collections purchased en bloc for 
the use of societies, institutions, or libraries designated hi the foregoing paragraph, or 
form parts of the libraries of personal baggage belonging to persons or families arriving 
from foreign countries and are not intended for sale: Provided, That copies imported 
as above may not lawfully be used in any way to violate the rights of the proprietor 
of the American copyright or annul or limit the copyright protection secured by this act, 
and such unlawful use shall be deemed an infringement of the copyright. 

SEC. 32. That any and all articles prohibited importation by this act which are brought 
into the United States from any foreign country (except in the mails) shall be seized 
and forfeited by like proceedings as those provided by law for the seizure and condem- 
nation of property imported into the United States in violation of the customs revenue 
laws. Such articles when forfeited shall be destroyed hi such manner as the Secretary 
of the Treasury or the court, as the case may be, shall direct: Provided, however. That 
all copies of authorized editions of copyright books imported hi the mails or otherwise 
in violation of the provisions of this act may be exported and returned to the country 
of export whenever it is shown to the satisfaction of the Secretary of the Treasury, hi a 
written application, that such importation does not involve willful negligence or fraud. 

SEC. 33. That the Secretary of the Treasury and the Postmaster General are hereby 
empowered and required to make and enforce such joint rules and regulations as shall 
prevent the importation into the United States hi the mails of articles prohibited impor- 
tation by this act, and may require notice to be given to the Treasury' Department or 
Post Office Department, as the case may be, by copyright proprietors or injured parties 
of the actual or contemplated importation of articles prohibited importation by this act, 
and which infringe the rights of such copyright proprietors or injured parties. 

1 72 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

examination of the "English Catalogue," which records 
yearly the titles of the books published in Great Britain, 
with the recorded entries in our Copyright Office goes to 
show that less than one-tenth of the books produced in 
England have been republished in the United States and 
thus made available for American readers and students, and 
that the republication which has taken place has been mainly 
of popular works, such as novels, etc. 

te^ n r afoquau: With a view to facilitate compliance with its typesetting 
stipulations, the act of March 4, 1909, provides that upon 
the deposit and registration in the Copyright Office of a 
copy of an English book, not later than 30 days after its 
publication in England, an ad interim protection for 30 
days may be secured, and if an American edition of the 
book (type set in the United States) is published during these 
last 30 days, the copyright is extended to 28 years. During 
. the eight years or more since the act of 1909 went into effect 
some 3,000 ad interim registrations have been made, or for 
about 300 different books each year. While these 3o-day 
ad interim provisions may be advantageous and sufficient 
in the case of a few well-known authors having established 
relations with American publishers who are accustomed to re- 
publish English books, they are of little or no value to the 
new, unknown, or little-known English author who can not 
hold back the date of publication of his book in London, 
and who fails to secure promptly a publisher in the United 
States. The Copyright Office records clearly demonstrate 
that both 30-day terms are too short to be really helpful. 

Failure to secure In about 5 per cent of the applications received there has 
been failure to make deposit within the prescribed 30 days 
after first publication; and of the English books actually 

Failure to re- registered for ad interim protection hardly more than one- 
' third have been finally republished in the United States. 
A certain proportion of the books which were reprinted, 
moreover, have not been published in the United States 
within the 30 days of the ad interim term and therefore have 
not fully complied with the law's requirement. It is to be 
observed that in all cases where the ad interim registration 
is followed by an American edition, two registrations must 
be made, two fees paid, and three copies, in all, of each book 
must be deposited. 

Register of Copyrights 173 

These special requirements of our copyright act 
of copyright notice, deposit of copies, and registration are 
generally absent from foreign copyright legislation, being 
either not required at all, or only in part; but never as a 
condition precedent to the securing of copyright. They 
actually result, therefore, in barring foreign authors from 
securing copyright in the United States for the greater 
number of their literary productions. 1 

The foreign countries with which we have established 
copyright relations may be divided into three groups to 
indicate the different character of the protection secured 
and the practical variances upon which it is based. With 
the Central and South American States which have ratified 
the treaty of 1910, we have an agreement that the acknowl- 
edgment of copyright in a work by a citizen of any one 
country and its publication in that country with a notice of 
copyright shall secure its protection in all of the other signa- 
tory countries without further conditions or formalities. 
With the continental countries of Europe the protection 
secured in the United States by presidential proclamation 
depends upon the obligatory deposit of copies and com- 
pulsory registration, while in the case of Great Britain and 
the British self-governing dominions the protection secur- 
able in the United States is greatly circumscribed by the 
stringent conditions imposed which are often very difficult 
to comply with. 

The above summarv of our established international Amendment re- 


copyright relations indicates the need for amendment. 
Literary and artistic property protection in this country 
should be uniform and equal, with no differences or dis- 
tinctions based upon the nationality of the author, and 
should be free from inequality in the conditions or formalities 
imposed upon the author or his publisher. 

The leading European countries, including all the 
countries with which we have copyright relations, except 
Austria-Hungary, have joined in forming the International 
Copyright Union, based upon the conventions of Berne (i 886) , 
Paris (1896), and Berlin (1908). In the protection accorded 

1 The " Bibliographic de la France" lists more than 5,000 books as published in France 
during the year 1916. Our "Catalogue of Copyright Entries" for books contains the 
titles of only 184 French works during the year 1916. 

1 74 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

to the authors benefited by membership in this very prac- 
tical and effective Union is seen the high-water mark of 
international literary-property protection. The authors of 
each country of the Union are guaranteed security for their 
works, by the terms of the convention creating the Union, 
in all the other countries of the Union without conditions or 
formalities of any kind. It has long been the desire of 
American authors to secure to themselves this literary world- 
citizenship by the entrance of the United States into the 
International Copyright Union, so that every citizen of the 
United States upon the publication of his work in his own 
country should thereby be assured of his complete control 
of it of its republication, translation, dramatization, or 
other legitimate use in all the other great countries of the 
world. This step forward probably can not be taken with- 
out antecedent copyright legislation by Congress to prepare 
wo n l en p?sibie tht way. Meantime, in the convention of 1910 between the 
1 . United States and Latin- American countries an attempt was 

made to secure effective international protection for intel- 
lectual productions free from troublesome conditions and 
formalities, and that treaty might possibly serve as a model 
for a similar convention between the United States and our 
allies, France, Belgium, and Italy, as well as other European 
Amendment of The present most urgent need is some remedy for the 

copyright relations J 

with Great Britain se rious defects in our copy right relations with Great Britain. 
What should be accomplished is complete security, not only 
in Great Britain and the United States, but in all the British 
self-governing dominions as well, for all literary and artistic 
works by the authors of each of these countries, no matter 
in which country their works shall have been first produced. 
In view of the new and important relations now estab- 
lished between the United States and Great Britain, the time 
is opportune for bringing about a more friendly and effect- 
ual union of all the English-speaking peoples of the world 
on a basis of mutual trust and equal consideration. Much 
might be achieved in this direction if a formal agreement 
could be entered into by the respective governments for the 
reciprocal security of literary and artistic productions based 
upon a broad and liberal treatment of the various questions 

Register of Copyrights 1 75 

involved. Such a convention or treaty for the protection 
of intellectual property might go far toward cementing rela- 
tions of inestimable and permanent value. 
Respectively submitted. 


Register of Copyrights 

Librarian of Congress 

I 7 6 

Report of the Librarian of Congress 

EXHIBIT A Statement of gross receipts, refunds, net receipts, and fees 
applied for fiscal year ending June 30, 


Gross -cash 







$6,861 75 


8, 583. 41 


8, 800. 50 




258. 86 


1 86. 20 



230. 68 


268. 54 

g, gg^. 41 




113,808. 51 

Balance brought forward from June 30, 1916 $9, 222. 53 

Net receipts July i, 1916, to June 30, 1917: 

Gross receipts $113,808. 51 

L,ess amount refunded 2, 578. 31 


Total to be accounted for 120,452. 73 

Copyright fees applied July i, 1916, to June 30, 1917 110,077.40 

Balance carried forward to July i, 1917: 

Trnst funds 8, 188. 70 

Unfinished business 2, 186. 63 


Register of Copyrights 

EXHIBIT B. Statement of fees paid into Treasury 









July 12 

Jan 2 

July 17 

July 24 

Jan 8 

July 31 

Aug. 5 

Aug. 7 

Aug. 14 


Feb 3 


Aug. 21 


Feb. 5 

Aug. 28 


Feb 12 

Sept. 5 


Feb. 19 

Sept. 7 


Feb. 26 

Sept. ii 


1,800. oo 

Mar. 6 

Sept. 18 


Alar. 12 

Sept. 25 


Oct. 2 

Mar 26 

Oct. s 


Oct. 9 


Oct. 16 


Oct. 23 

Oct. 30 


2.400. oo 

Apr. 23 .... 

Nov. 4 


It 290- 30 

Apr. 30 

Nov. 6 

Nov. 13 


Nov. 20 


Nov. 27 


Dec. 4 

May 28 


Dec. 8 


Dec. ii 

Dec. 18 


Dec. 26 


July 2 


July 6. . . 



1 78 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

EXHIBIT C Record of applied fees 

c : S 




*2 ca 

.5 u 





S 8 






i c 





- t; 


.a M - 



i- G 









*3 c 






fc l 


l_ M U 




3 -^ 


*' 8 




















$6t 382. oo 


$278. 5O 


$38. oo 


$6, 698. 50 


10, 317 

10, 317. oo 


253- SO 


34- 50 


io 605. oo 


8, 199 

8, 199- oo 


2OO. 5O 



55* 5^ 


8, 515. oo 



8, 588. oo 


304. 5O 


54. oo 

9- 305 

8, 946. 50 



8, 068. oo 


236. 5O 


42. 50 


8, 347- oo 



8, 519* oo 


304. oo 

IO 3 

51* 50 

9, 230 

8, 874. 50 



9, 879 

9, 879. oo 


337. OO 


162. oo 

10, 877 

10,378- oo 

February. . 

7, 960 

7 , 960. oo 


251. oo 


183. oo 


8, 394. oo 


9, 313 

9. 313- oo 


2OO. OO 


2OO. OO 

10. 113 

9, 713- oo 



8, 583. oo 

34 1 

I7O. 5O 

71. 50 

9 067 

8, 825. oo 


8, 494 

8. 494- oo 


377. 50 


69. 50 


8, 841. oo 

June. . 

8, 924 

8, 924. oo 


236. 50 


34. oo 

9 465 

9, 194- 50 


103, 226 

103,226- oo 

6. 220 

3, no. oo 












3 . 























"o S 












M t. 





























$46. oo 


$96. oo 


$7. 75 


$1. OO 

$12. 5O 




1 6. 50 


107. oo 




3- 50 


10, 743. 75 

September. . . 


134- 50 


119. oo 


14. 50 



14. oo 




162. 50 




n. 50 


i. 80 


9, 290. 30 

November. . . 


49- 50 






3- 20 

6. oo 


December . . . 






II. 00 


I. 80 

7. oo 

9, 077. 30 








14. 25 



12. OO 

10, 555- 95 

February. . . . 






n. 25 







1 06. oo 


142. oo 


16. 75 





April . 


66. 50 


105. oo 


9- 75 


83. 20 

21. 00 

9, no. 45 



52- 50 


114. oo 


13. oo 


2. 9O 

9- 50 




38. oo 


140. oo 


21. OO 


I. 80 

28. 50 

9,423. 80 

Total . . 




i , 469. oo 




107. 40 

158. oo 


Register of Copyrights 


EXHIBIT D Comparative monthly statement of gross cash receipts, applied 
fees, number of registrations, daily averages, etc. 

Xumber of registrations and 





anson w 

ith last y 











8. 583. 41 

10. 743- 75 


8.800- 50 




8,34^' 13* 





12.921. 47 



8* 100- 36 

8. 659. 45 














EXHIBIT E Statement of gross cash receipts, yearly fees, number of 
registrations, etc., for 20 fiscal years 


Yearly fees 

Xumber of Increase 


in regis- 

in regis- 


$61.099. 56 

$55.926- 50 


64. 185. 65 

58, 267. oo 




65.206- oo 

94, 798 


69. 525. 25 

63, 687. 50 







68. 874. 50 





80, 440. 56 

78, 058- oo 


82,610. 92 

80,198- oo 






85, 043- 03 

82,387- 50 

A <&1 


87,085- 53 

83, 816. 75 





113.661. 52 


1 20. 149. 51 

116.685. 05 


118.968. 26 





112.986- 85 


113.808. 51 



NOTE. Detailed statement for 18 fiscal years, 1897-98, etc., to 1914-15, by months 
may be found in Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for year 1914-15 (pp. 177-178! 
Report of the Librarian of Congress for 1914-15). 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 

EXHIBIT F Table of registrations made during fiscal years 1911-12, 
1912-13, 1913-14, 1914-15, 1915-16, and 1916-17, arranged by classes * 







Class A. Books (including pamph- 
lets, leaflets, and contri- 
butions to periodicals): 
(a) Printed in the United States 
(6) Printed abroad in a foreign 

26, 540 

26, 784 




29, 704 

I. 276 


(c) English books registered for 
ad interim copyright 








29, 286 

Class B. Periodicals (numbers) 
Class C. Lectures, sermons, ad- 



24' 134 


26, 553 


Class D. Dramatic or dramatico- 
musical compositions 
Class E. Musical compositions 
Class F. Maps. . . 


2, 158 

26, 292 





3 . 067 

20, 115 

Class G. Works of art; models or de- 


Class H. Reproductions of works of 







Class I. Drawings or plastic works 
of a scientific or technical 






5 12 

Class J . Photographs 




10, 523 



Class K. Prints and pictorial illus- 


16, 591 



12, 722 



2, 757 



Class M. Motion pictures not photo- 














123, 154 

115, 193 



* For detailed statement of. registrations made for fiscal years from 1901 to 1910-11 see 
Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for 1914-15. 

Register of Copyrights 181 

EXHIBIT G Table of articles deposited during 1914-15, 1915-16, and 





i. Books: 
(a) Printed in the United States: 

PamphUts leaflpf"^ ptr 



Contributions to newspapers and 





(6) Printed abroad in a foreign language. . 


English works registered for ad in- 
terim copyright 


2 Periodicals 


56, 104 



3. Lectures, sermons, etc 

4. Dramatic or drarnauco-musical composi- 

5. Musical compositions 

886 796 

6. Maps . . 

7. Works of art; models or designs 


8. Reproductions of works of art 

8a. Chromos and lithographs 

9. Drawings or plastic works of a scientific 
or technical character 




10. Photographs 

it. Prints and pictorial illustrations 

12. Motion-picture photoplays 


13. Motion pictures not photoplays 

14. Miscellaneous (unclassified articles) 


15. Foreign books received under act of Mar. 
3, 1905 

Total . . 

i SiR ^Ri 

NOTE. For detailed statement of articles deposited during fiscal years 1897-8 to 
1912-13 see Annual Report of Register of Copyrights for 1914-15. 



At the Government Building at Wellington, this second day of Feb- ffev Zealand 

Order in Council, 

ruary, 1916 i 91 <j 

Present: The Right Honorable W. F. Massey, P. C., presiding in council. 

Whereas by section thirty-three of the Copyright Act, 1913 (herein- 
after referred to as "the said Act"), the Governor may by Order in 
Council direct that the said Act (except such of the provisions thereof, 
if any, as may be specified in the Order) shall extend, inter alia 

(a) to literarv, dramatic, musical, and artistic works, or anv class Subject matter of 


thereof, the authors whereof were at the time of the making of the work 
subjects or citizens of a foregin country to which the Order relates, in 
like manner as if the authors were British subjects; 

(b) in respect of residence in a foreign country to which the Order Residence 
relates, in like manner as if such residence were residence in New 

And whereas it is desirable to provide protection within New Zealand L "t'?. b . li c . sk *'* 

r works o/L.S. citt- 

for the unpublished works of citizens of the United States of America: zens 

And whereas the Government of the L'nited States of America has 
granted protection to works entitled to copyright under the provisions 
of Part I of the said Act, or has undertaken to grant protection so far 
as such protection does not already exist: 

Now, therefore, His Excellency the Governor of the Dominion of 
New Zealand, acting by and with the advice and consent of the Execu- 
tive Council of the said Dominion, doth hereby direct that the said Act .v^-j- Zealand 
(including the provisions as to the existing works) shall, subject to the c t>yrt ^ i aft - *9'3 
provisions of the said Act and of this Order, apply 

(a) to literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works the authors Subject matter of 
whereof were at the time of the making of the works citizens of the "'PywU 
United States of America, in like manner as if the authors had been 

British subjects; 

(b) in respect of residence in the United States of America, in like Residence 
manner as if such residence had been residence in New Zealand : 

Provided that 

(i) the term of copyright within New Zealand shall not exceed that Term of copy- 
conferred by the law of the United States of America; 

(ii) the enjoyment of the rights conferred by this Order shall be sub- Conditions and 
ject to the accomplishment of the conditions and formalities prescribed 
by the law of the United States of America; 

(iii) in the application to existing works of the provisions of section Existing -works 
thirty-two of the Copyright Act, 1913, the commencement of this Order 
16341* 17 13 tg 

184 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

shall be substituted for the ist of July, 1913, in paragraph (b) of sub- 
section (i). 

Effective Dec. i, This Order in Council shall come into operation on the first day of 
December, one thousand nine hundred and sixteen. 

Clerk of the Executive Council 




U. S. copyright Whereas it is provided by the Act of Congress of March 4, 1909, 
Orfo/Mar "'' ir900 entitled "An Act to Amend and Consolidate the Acts Respecting 
Copyright," that the provisions of said Act, "so far as they secure 
copyright controlling the parts of instruments serving to reproduce 
Sec. i (e). Me- mechanically the musical work, shall include only compositions pub- 
rep"oducticT S ' Cal Hshed and copyrighted after this Act goes into effect, and shall not 
include the works of a foreign author or composer unless the foreign 
state or nation of which such author or composer is a citizen or sub- 
ject grants, either by treaty, convention, agreement, or law, to citizens 
of the United States similar rights ' ' ; 

Sec. 8. Foreign And whereas it is further provided that the copyright secured by 
a se'ure S p^ cti^ ay the Act sha11 extend to the work of an author or proprietor who is a 
citizen or subject of a foreign state or nation, only upon certain con- 
ditions set forth in section 8 of said Act, to wit: 

Alien author (a) When an alien author or proprietor shall be domiciled within 
domiciled in U. S. the Un ited States at the time of the first publication of his work; or 

Countries grant- (b) When the foreign State or nation of which such author or pro- 
rVAi/ CCi ^ rOCa 'p" etor * s a citizen or subject grants, either by treaty, convention, 
agreement, or law, to citizens of the United States the benefit of copy- 
right on substantially the same basis as to its own citizens, or copyright 
protection substantially equal to the protection secured to such foreign 
author under this Act or by treaty ; or when such foreign State or nation 
International is a party to an international agreement which provides for reciprocity 
in the granting of copyright, by the terms of which agreement the 
United States may, at its pleasure, become a party thereto; 

Proclamation of And whereas it is also provided by said section that " The existence 
of the reciprocal conditions aforesaid shall be determined by the Presi- 
dent of the United States, by proclamation made from time to time as 
the purposes of this Act may require"; 

And whereas there has been received from the Government of Great 

New Zealand Britain satisfactory official assurance that the Government of New 

act, 1913 Zealand has issued an Order in Council, effective December i, 1916, 

providing that the existing copyright law of that country, including 

Register of Copyrights 185 

the provisions as to existing works, shall, subject to the provisions of 
the said law and of the said Order, apply 

(a) To literary, dramatic, musical, and artistic works the authors Subject matter cj 
whereof were at the time of the making of the works citizens of the f i>yHl ' kt 
United States of America, in like manner as if the authors had been 
British subjects; 

(6) In respect of residence in the United States of America, in like Residence 
manner as if such residence had been residence in New Zealand. 

Provided that 

(i) The term of copyright within New Zealand shall not exceed that Term of copy 
conferred by the law of the United States of America: 

(it) The eniovment of the rights conferred bv this Order shall be sub- F<*malMes and 

ject to the accomplishment of the conditions and formalities prescribed 

by the law of the United States of America: 

(lit) In the application to existing works of the provisions of section Existing vorkt 
32 of the Copyright Act, 1913, the commencement of this Order shall 
be substituted for the ist July, 1913, in paragraph (6) of subsection (i). 

Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wilson. President of the United States Proclamation 
of America, do declare and proclaim that one of the alternative condi- 
tions specified in sections i (e) and 8 (b) of the Act of March 4, 1909, 
now exists and is fulfilled and since December i, 1916, has been ful- 
filled in respect to the citizens of New Zealand, and that such citizens Effective Dec. i, 
are entitled to all the benefits of section i (e) of the said Act, including * 9 ' 6 
"copyright controlling the parts of instruments serving to reproduce 
mechanically the musical work" in the case of all musical compositions 
by composers of New Zealand which have been published since Decem- 
ber i, 1916, and have been duly registered for copyright in the United 

In testimony whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the 
seal of the United States to be affixed. 

Done at the City of Washington this gib. day of February, in the year Date of proda- 
of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and seventeen, and of the mation ' Feb - 9, 
Independence of the United States of America the one hundred and 
forty -first. 


By the President: 

Secretary of State 


I. GIFTS, 1916-17 

From Samuel Hopkins Adams. New York: 

Signals to and from the U. S. S. Lackauanna in Mobile Bay and 

elsewhere during the Civil War. (2 pieces, in pencil \ 
From M. Catherine Allen, Mount Lebanon. X. Y.: 

Shaker broadside, advertisement of fulling mill at South Union 

Logan County, Ky. 
From William Beer, Howard Memorial Library, New Orleans, La.: 

Account of military proceedings from Dec. 23, 1814, to Jan. 18, 1815, 
including the battle of New Orleans. Typewritten copy of a 
contemporary ( ? ) account. 
From W. K. Bixby, St. Louis, Mo.: 

Typewritten copy of letter from the Secretary of State to Jonathan 
Russell, 1811, Jan. 22, and copy of resolution and Act of Congress, 
1811, Jan. 15, regarding Florida. 
From Dr. Franklin R. Blake, Calipatria, Cal.: 

Returns of detachments from the ist and 2d Vermont militia 

regiments, 1812, July. 
From George H. Calvert, Washington, D. C.: 

Letters to Charles B. Calvert from James B. Clay, 1853, J^-I 
Thomas H. Clay, 1853, Mar.; and Thomas Ritchie, 1853, Sept. 
From George Cuthbert Carter, Leesburg, Va.: 

Miscellaneous letters to "Councillor" Robert Carter, of Xomini 
Hall, 1768-98 (20 pieces) and 7 note books of his religious 
From Miss Eleanor S. Cohen, Baltimore, Md.: 

Letter of Robert Fulton to Solomon Etting, 1814, Nov. (Deposit.) 
From G. Cusachs, New Orleans, La. : 

Miscellaneous currency notes issued by mercantile firms in New 

Orleans in 1862 (9 pieces) 

From Miss Harriet F. Donaldson, West River P. O., Anne Arundel 
county, Md.: 

Orders of Admiral David G. Farragut for the blockade of the 
Mississippi, 1862, April; for running the Mississippi forts below 
New Orleans, 1862, April; for running the batteries at Yicksburg, 
1862, June 25, and for the fleet formation for the battle of Mobile 
Bay, 1864, August 4. Also Henry Hay wood Bell's report of 
the action in running the forts below New Orleans, 1862, April; 
Letter from the Secretary of the Navy congratulating Farragut 
for the New Orleans victory, 1862, May; S. Phillips Lee's orders 
to Capt. Edward Donaldson, 1862, May; Thomas J. Page 's address 
to the officers of the U. S. S. Water Witch, 1853, April. 


1 88 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

From W. W. Gait and Hugh Blair Grigsby Gait, executors of Mary B. 
Gait, Norfolk, Va.: 

Docket of cases in the Lunenburgh Court, Virginia, 1763-4 (i vol.): 
Hugh Blair Grigsby 's genealogical memoranda and notes, histor- 
ical compositions, etc., on early United States history. (Deposit.) 
From Miss Ada Gilman, Washington, D. C.: 

Two theatrical playbills of the Boston Museum, 1869-71. 
From Miss Annie Sheldon Grant, Providence, R. I.: 

Note from George Bancroft to Miss Annie Sheldon Grant, 1889, 

From Dr. Allan McLane Hamilton, Great Barrington, Mass.: 

Two letters from Oliver Wolcott to his wife, 1804, July. (Photo. 

From Oliver C. Hill, Waterbury, Conn.: 

Broadside of a compendium of English grammar by William L. 

From Miss Cordelia Jackson, Washington, D. C.: 

Address of Samuel Chase to the voters of Anne Arundel county, 
1786, October; Maryland Temperance Herald's appeal, 1849. 
From Mrs. James M. Lawton, New York City: 

Miscellaneous papers of Major Robert Anderson: Evolutions of 
batteries, 1840; instructions for siege, garrison and sea-coast 
artillery, 1843; letter-book, 1856-9, while acting as inspector of 
iron at Trenton, N. J.; Col. Duncan Lamont Clinch's order and 
letter books, Fort King, Fla., 1834-36 (3 vols.), also a list of 
negroes and their value at his plantation near St. Mary 's, Georgia. 
From W. H. Lowdermilk & Co., Washington, D. C.: 

Miscellaneous papers of Peter Force, 1824-32 (25 pieces) 
From Hon. George B. McClellan, Princeton, N. J.: 

Additions to the papers of Gen. George B. McClellan. 
From Charles F. Mclntosh, Norfolk, Va.: 

Papers of John Loyall Saunders, 1844-47 ( x vol.) 
From Douglas C. McMurtrie, New York: 

Broadside of the last three paragraphs of President Wilson's war 

message to Congress, [1917, April 2]. 
From W. L. Maury, Houston, Texas: 

Letter from Matthew Fontaine Maury to John Minor Maury, 1867, 

From Miss Margaret Miller, Princeton, N. J.: 

Miscellaneous correspondence, note-books, etc., of the New Jersey 

Colonization Society, 1852-1890 (9 vols. and 24 pieces) 
From Hon. Duane Mowry, Milwaukee, Wis.: 

Letters to James R. Doolittle from the Governor of Utah, 1865, 
Dec.; John Pope, 1865, April, and Winfield S. Hancock, 1872, 
Jan. (3 pieces). 
From Northwestern University Library, Evanston, 111.: 

Facsimile of the Declaration of Independence of Venezuela, 1811. 

Manuscripts Gifts 1 89 

From Francis H. Parsons, Washington, D. C. : 

'Page from land record book of Charles City county, Va., 1700, 

From P. Lee Phillips, Washington, D. C.: 

Transcript of record in case of A. T. Stewart & Co. vs. Meyer 
Sonneborn before the United States Supreme Court, 1876, Feb. 
From Dr. William M. Polk, New York: 

Military orders and letters to and from General Leonidas Polk, 

1861-1864 (29 pieces.) 
From Miss Sarah H. Porter, Washington, D. C.: 

Facsimile of the Declaration of Independence [1823] on parchment 
from the original plate. Blank form, on parchment, of enrolled 
act of the United States Congress. 
From Lt. Col. Samuel Reber, Washington, D. C.: 

Letter book record of semi-official letters of General William T. 
Sherman, 1866-1881. 2 vols. (Deposit.) Memorandum on the 
introduction of the telegraph into Japan by the Perry Expedi- 
tion of 1854, by Lt. Col. Reber. 
From Mrs. B. A. Reynolds, Vienna, Va.: 

Writ to the sheriff of Greene County, State of Franklin, 1787, May. 
From R. A. Rice, Washington, D. C.: 

Venetian broadside "Modo dell' ellezione del serenissimo Prin- 
cipe Di Venezia" [xvi century]. 
From Miss Isabel Rives, Washington, D. C.: 

Letter from Henry A. Wise to John C. Rives, 1842, Feb. 
From A. G. Robinson, Washington, D. C.: 

Letter from General Leonard Wood to the Senate committee on 
relations with Cuba, 1903, March. Carbon copy of typewritten 
original, signed in ms. on each page by General Wood. 
From William E. Safford, Washington, D. C.: 

Historia de las islas Marianas by Felipe de La Corte y Ruano 

Calderon, 1870. 

Proceedings of the Washington Botanic Society, 1817-1826. i vol. 
From Surgeon General's Office Library, Army Medical Museum, Wash- 
ington, D. C.: 

James Craik's account against George Steptoe and Lawrence 
Washington for board, 1790, and James Craik & Son's account 
against George Steptoe Washington for medicines. (Deposit.) 
From the Survivors Association, 77th Regiment, New York Volun- 
teers, Saratoga Springs, New York: 

Annual reports of the Survivors Association, 1893-1007 (14 broad- 
sides and newspaper reprints.) 
From Hon. Oswald Tilghman, Easton, Md.: 

Indenture of land transfer from the trustees of Charles Carroll, 
of land in the proposed to\vn of Carrollsburg, Maryland, 1772, 
May, to Thomas Ringgold, jr. 
From War College Library, War Department, Washington, D. C.: 

Treatise on military tactics or description of the Seven Years 
War, by Henri Jomini, 1806. 4 vol. (Deposit.) 

1 90 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

From Miss Maud Washburn, Portland, Me.: 

Miscellaneous letters to Israel Washburn, 1854-1885. (About 250 

From H. T. Wickham, Richmond, Va.: 

Miscellaneous letters and papers relating to John Taylor Letter 
from Taylor to William Woodford, 1778, May; Taylor's bio- 
graphical sketch of John Penn and Edmund Pendleton's bio- 
graphical sketch of Taylor. (Typewritten copies.) 




Returns of detachments from the ist and 2d Vermont militia 

regiments, 1812, July. (2 pieces.) 

Receipt books of the Secretary of the Senate for pay and mileage 
of Senators, 1814-1836. 15 vols.; blank form, parchment, of 
enrolled act. 

Memorandum book of quarter-bill, crew stations, gun crews, etc., 
on the U. S. frigate United Stales [1809]; Henry Haywood Bell's 
report of the action in running the forts below New Orleans. 
1862, April; S. Phillips Lee 's orders to Capt. Edward Donaldson, 
1862 , May ; Thomas J. Page 's address to the officers of the U. S. S, 
Water Witch, 1853, April; David G. Farragut's orders for the 
blockade of the Mississippi, and for running the forts below 
New Orleans, 1862, April; for running the batteries at Vicksburg, 
1862, June 25, and for the fleet formation at the battle of Mobile 
Bay, 1864, Aug.; signals from the flagship Hartford to the U. S. 
S. Lackawanna and from the U. S. S. Brooklyn to the Lackawanna, 
1864, Aug., in Mobile Bay. 
Navy Department: 

Letter from the Secretary of the Navy congratulating Farragut 

on his victory at New Orleans, 1862, May. 

Jonathan Grant's bill of exchange on account of the Royal Artil- 
lery, 1777, Dec.; Thomas Procter's account against the State of 
Pennsylvania, 1776-1780. 
State Department: 

Letter from the Secretary of State to Jonathan Russell, 1811, Jau. 
22, and resolution and Act of Congress, 1811, Jan. 15, regarding 
Florida. (Typewritten copies.) 
Treasury Department: 

Appropriations for the pay of the Army, 1812-17, i vol.; Reports 
of the Comptroller of the Treasury on unsettled accounts, 1822-23 
(printed tables with ms. corrections, 2 vols.). 
War of 1812: 

Battle of New Orleans, Account of the military proceedings from 
Dec. 23, 1814, to Jan. 18, 1815. (Typewritten.) 

Manuscripts A ccessions i Q i 



Miscellaneous land deeds and transfers, 1781-1855 (n pieces). 

Writ to the sheriff of Greene county of the State of Franklin, 

1787, May. 
Maryland : 

Indenture of land transfer from the trustees of Charles Carroll to 
Thomas Ringgold, jr., of a parcel of land in the proposed town 
of Carrollsburg, 1772, May. 

Sundry papers relating to the towns of Northampton, Hadley, 
and others, from early colonial times down to 1820 (about 270 
New Jersey: 

Minutes of proceedings of the Jersey City Atheneum, 1857-60, i 
vol.; Muster rolls of Company K, 7th New Jersey Volunteers, 
1862-4 (10 pieces). 

Miscellaneous papers relating to Virginia during the colonial 
period, 1695-1760, to the College of William and Mary, ecclesi- 
astical affairs, etc. (about 350 piecesi; Paul Carrington's docket 
of cases in the Lunenburgh court, 1763-4, i vol.; Sheriff's 
account book of clerk and parish levies for Truro parish, 1797, 
kept by William Millan, i vol. 
Washington, D. C.: 

Proceedings of the Washington Botanic Society, 1817-26, i vol.; 
Two tickets of the Washington City Canal Lottery, signed by 
Daniel Carroll, of Duddington; Tax lists of the ist and 2d 
wards and the ist and 6ch wards, 1835, 2 vo ^ s - 


Account books: 

Day books of a merchant of Goochland Courthouse, 1833-76, 3 

Murdoch, James & Co. Journal of accounts kept at Pittsylvania 

and Halifax counties, Virginia, 1773-75, J v l- 
Woolman & Potts. Day book of grocery firm in Philadelphia, 

1750-62 and continued from 1809 to 1824 by William Woolman 

as a miscellaneous account book of surveys and legal expenses, 

i vol. 
America, British Colonies in : 

Letter book of the British Secretary of State for the Colonies of 

his correspondence with the Governor of West Florida, 1770-74. 

i vol. 

192 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

America, Spanish Colonies in: 

Historia de la Florida (Typewritten copy of Ms. 2999, Madrid, 
Pulgar's Historia, etc., Chap. 7.) A continuation of the expedi- 
tion to Florida after the death of Hernando De Soto by Luis 
Moscoso de Alvarado, 7 pp.; Trial of Alvar Nunez Cabeza de 
Vaca, accusations, arguments, etc. [1547?] (Copies made for 
. Buckingham Smith?), 32 pp. In Spanish accompanied by map 
of Texas, Mexico, Lower California, etc., showing de Vaca's 
journey; Official civil dispatches from the Governors of Louisi- 
ana to the Captain General of Cuba, 1766-91 (Photo, prints 
of originals hi the Archives of the Indies, Seville, Spain. 2989 
Colonization Society: 

Miscellaneous correspondence, note books, etc., and minutes of 
the proceedings of the New Jersey Colonization Society, 1852- 
1890 (About 24 pieces, letters, etc., 1879-1892). 9 vols. -and 24 

Miscellaneous private currency notes issued by mercantile firms 

of New Orleans, Louisiana, as money in 1862. (9 pieces.) 
Journals and Diaries: 

Butler, Nathaniel, 1639-40. Recent copy from Sloane Ms. 758, 

ff. 143-175- 
Claiborne, W. H. Diary ; 1864-5; a ^ so Common Place book, 


Garrett, Henry A. Diary, 1861-7; also Common Place book, 1867. 
Indians. Fragment of a diary of a captive among the New Eng- 
land Indians, 1755-6. 
Mariana Islands: 

Historia de las islas Marianas ,by Felipe de La Corte y Ruano 

Calderon, 1870. 
Military Science: 

A treatise on military tactics or a description of the Seven Years 

War, 1806, by Henri Jomini. 4 vols. 
Orderly Books: 

Fenno, John. 1775, April-August. (Photostat print from origi- 
nal in the Massachusetts Historical Society.) 


Abbott, Samuel. Letter book, 1862-77. i vol. 

Anderson, Robert. Letter book, 1856-9, while acting as inspector of 
iron at Trenton, N. J.; Evolutions of batteries, 1840, i vol.; In- 
structions for siege, garrison, and sea-coast artillery, 1843, i vol. 

Bancroft, George. Note to Miss Annie Sheldon Grant, 1889, March. 

Bell, William H. Letter to Dr. Charles Allen, 1861, April. 

Buchanan, James M. Letters from James Buchanan, J. C. Calhoun, 
Francis Pickens, R. M. Saunders, Beverly Tucker, and others, 
1844-73. (i i pieces.) 

Manuscripts Accessions 193 

Carter, Robert, "Councillor Carter of Nomini Hall." Letter books 
and account books, 1759-1805, 16 vols.; Miscellaneous letters, 1768- 
98 (20 pieces); note books of religious writings, 7 vols. 

Claiborne, John Francis Hamtramck. Papers, 1818-85. 

Claus, Daniel. Papers, 1716-1777. i vol. (Photostat prints.) 

Clay, Henry. Letters to Nicholas Biddle, 1825, May and June; to 
Mr. Cowperthwait, 1838, March, and to Masters Martin and H. C. 
Duralde, his grandsons, 1836, Sep. 

Clay, James B. Letter to Charles B. Calvert, 1853, Jan. 

Clay. Thomas H. Letter to Charles B. Calvert, 1853. March. 

Clinch, Duncan Lament. Order and letter books at Fort King, Fla., 
1834-36; list of negroes and their value at his plantation near St. 
Mary's, Ga. 

Craik, James and Son. Account against George Steptoe Washington 
for medicines and an account of James Craik against George Steptoe 
and Lawrence Washington for board, 1790, receipted to George 
Augustine Washington. 

Crawford, Samuel W. Miscellaneous papers, 1861-92. (46 pieces.) 

Crawford, William H. Letter to John Milledge, 1812, May: letters 
from James Monroe, Jonathan Russell, Nathaniel Macon, Richard 
Rush, Christopher Hughes, and others, 1813-30, one letter from 
Crawford and Hughes' account of the Ghent treaty negotiations, 
Aug., 1814. (35 pieces in all.) 

Donelson, Andrew Jackson. Papers. 

Doolittle, James R. Letters from Charles Durkee and others, 1865, 
Dec.; Winfield S. Hancock, 1872, Jan.; John Pope, 1865, April. 

Force, Peter. Miscellaneous papers, 1824-32. (25 pieces.) 

Fulton, Robert. Letter to Solomon Etting, 1814, Nov. 

Gayarre, Charles. Letter to Prof. Dimitry [n. d.] 

Gibbes, Lewis R. Papers, 1793-1893, including also a small number of 
papers of James Me Bride, 1808-17. 

Grigsby, Hugh Blair. Genealogical memoranda, historical composi- 
tion, notes, etc., on early United States' history. (About 100 pages.) 

Jefferson, Thomas. Farm book. 1776-1822; Garden book, 1766-1824. 
(Photostat prints of the original.) 

Kerr, John Bozman. Memoir of Daniel Carroll of Rock Creek. 

Loubies, Charles. Letter book, 1790-09. i vol. 

McClellan, George B. Additions to the McClellan Papers. (5 pieces.) 

Madison, Dorothy Payne. Album of visitor's cards. 

Madison. James. Miscellaneous papers, 1787-1836. (About 43 pieces. 

Marshall, John. Letter to Charles Lee, 1797, Nov. 

Maury, Matthew Fontaine. Letter to John Minor Maury, 1867, July. 

Mills, Robert. Miscellaneous letters and papers, 1808-54. (9 pieces.) 

Morris, Robert. Miscellaneous papers. (About 180 pieces.) 

Nicholas, Wilson Cary. Miscellaneous papers, 1763-1820. 

Peabody, C. H. & Co. Letter book and journal of accounts, 1831-34, 

2 VO1S. 

194 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Poinsett, Joel R. Miscellaneous drafts and memoranda on South 

American countries, journal of journey to Rio Janeiro and elsewhere, 

the Buenos Ayres revolution, notes on Peru, Chile, etc., 1810-12 

(7 pkgs.) Also memorandum book on the construction of the 

Columbia and Saluda Canal and miscellaneous papers of the office of 

the Board of Public Works of South Carolina while Poinsett was 

president of the board, 1820-21. 
Polk, Leonidas. Letters to and from, military orders, etc., 1861-64. 

(29 pieces.) 
Pontcadeuc, Count Jean Florian Jolly de. Letters, 1801-17. (37 

Reber, Samuel. Memorandum on the introduction of the telegraph 

into Japan by the Perry expedition of 1854. 
Ritchie, Thomas. Letter to Charles B. Calvert, 1853, Sep. 
Saunders, John Loyall. Papers, 1844-47. (About 400 pieces.) 
Sherman, William T. Semi-official letters sent, 1866-81. 2 vols. 
Stewart, A. T., & Co. Transcript of record in case of A. T. Stewart & 

Co. vs. Meyer Sonneborn before the U. S. Supreme Court, 1876, Feb. 
Taylor, John. Miscellaneous papers; letter to William Woodford, 

1778, May, biographical sketch of John Penn, of Virginia, and 

Edmund Pendleton's biographical sketch of Taylor. (Typewritten 


Taylor, William H. Letter to R. H. Anderson, 1864, June. 
Thomson, Charles. Miscellaneous papers. (About 178 pieces.) 
Thwoat, James, sr., and Mary Batt. Record of deed of land in Charles 

City county, Virginia, to Matthew Sturtivant, 1700, June. 
Trist, Nicholas P. Additional papers, 1810-67. 
Washburn, Israel. Miscellaneous letters to, 1854-1885. (About 250 

Washington, Bushrod. Letters from Lafayette, John Marshall, Richard 

Peters, jr., and Smith Thompson, 1816-26. (10 pieces.) 
Wise, Henry A. Letter to John C. Rives, 1842, Feb. 
Wolcott, Oliver. Two letters to his wife, 1804, July. (Photo, copies.) 
Wood, Leonard. Letter to the Senate Committee on relations with 

Cuba, 1903, March. (Carbon of typewritten original, signed in ms. 

by Wood on each page, 64 pp., incomplete.) 
Woolman, Burr. Letter book of letters to and from Almy & Brown, 



Continental Congress: 

Circular letter urging attendance of delegates [n. d.J; Declaration 

of Independence. (Facsimile on parchment.) 
France : 

War posters, official bulletins, notices, etc. (About 100 pieces.) 
Great Britain: 

Miscellaneous pieces, 1783-1798, Parliament act for preventing 
vexatious suits for debts contracted in America previous to the 
treaty of peace with the United States, 1787; Various forms, 
blanks, etc., of the British prisoners of war book scheme, for sup- 
plying books to British prisoners in Germany, 1917. 

Manuscripts Accessions 195 


"Senator Douglas's speech on the War," 1861, May. 

" Modo dell' ellezione del serenissimo Principe Di Venezia" 

[xvi century]. 

A Shaker advertisement of a fulling mill, South Union, Logan 

county, Ky. 

New Year Address of the Portland Transcript Carrier [n. d.]. 

Miscellaneous, 1781; Samuel Chase to the Voters of Anne Arundel 
county, 1786, Oct.; Maryland Temperance Herald Appeal, 18.19. 

Miscellaneous photostat prints of broadsides, 1693-1861 (52 pieces); 
Colonial and Revolutionary proclamations, antislavery broad- 
sides, etc., 1762-1852 (n piecesi; Miscellany, 1775-1826 (21 
pieces i ; Newburyport, trading vessels to West Indies not to 
be seized, 1794, April: Boston Anti-Slavery Fair [1841]; Presi- 
dential and statistical chart. 
New Hampshire : 

Portsmouth, City Council, joint resolution on death of Abraham 

Lincoln, 1865, Apr. 
New York: 

Funeral anthem for Samuel Cooper, 1784, Jan.; Protest of the 
Legislature, 1812, March; Union College, Philomathean anni- 
versary, 1815, Dec.; Ode for Erie Canal celebration, 1825, Nov.; 
Annual reports of the Survivors Association, 77th Regiment 
New York Volunteers, 1893-1907 (14 pieces); last three para- 
graphs of President Wilson's war message to Congress [1917, 
Apr. 2]. 

Philadelphia, late and highly important intelligence from France 
[1811], Apr.; Thomas H. Benton's correspondence with the com- 
mittee of invitation to a public dinner in Philadelphia. 1835, 
Nov. ; Compendium of English grammar and miscellaneous broad- 
sides, 1835-9. 

Chap ballads of Ralph Hodgson (7 pieces). 
South America: 

Bolivian broadsides, 1841-76 (About 69 pieces). 
Venezuela, Declaration of Independence, 1811, July (Facsimile). 

Miscellaneous broadsides, 1783. 
Theatrical play bills: 

Two programs of the Boston Museum, 1869-71. 
United States: 

Miscellaneous antislavery, Civil War, political and other broad- 
sides (88 pieces). 


Report of the Librarian of Congress 


To the members of the general council of the Protestant Episcopal 

Church South [1865, Sept.?]. 
West Indies: 

Haytien-Union Methodist Aid Society and miscellaneous broad- 



Selections from the following volumes: 
Additional Manuscripts: 

Newcastle Papers: Official correspondence of Thomas Pelham 
Holies, Duke of Newcastle. 

(Diplomatic Correspondence.) 

32758 Vol. LXXIII. Sept.-2i Oct., 1728. 

32759 Vol. LXXIV. 22 Oct.-Dec., 1728. 

(General Correspondence.) 
Vol. CCLXXXIX. 15 Feb.-2o Apr., 1766. 
Vol. CCXC. 21 Apr.-June, 1766. 
Vol. CCXCI. July-Aug., 1766. 

CCXCII. Sept.-2o Nov., 1766. 
21 Nov. -Dec., 1766. 
Jan., 1767. 
Feb. -Mar., 1767. 
Apr.-i5 May, 1767. 
1 6 May- June, 1767. 

















Vol. CCXCVIII. i-2i July, 1767. 

Vol. CCXCIX. 22 July-Aug., 1767. 

Vol. CCC. Sept.-i4 Oct., 1767. 

Vol. CCCI. 15 Oct.-i4 Nov., 1767. 

Vol. CCCII. 16 Nov.-Dec., 1767. 
[32988 and 32989: no American material found.] 
32990 Vol. CCCV. May-ig Aug., 1768. 

Vol. CCCVI. 20 Aug.-24 Nov., 1768. 

Vol. CCCVII. Undated. 

(Papers relating to personal matters, the greater num- 
ber being petitions and memorials which passed 
through the hands of the Duke of Newcastle; 1603- 
1814. Four Volumes.) 

Vol. II (CCCLXX). 1752-1761. 

Vol. Ill (CCCLXXI). 1762-1814. 



Vol. IV (CCCLXXII). Undated. 

Manuscripts List of Transcripts 197 

Colonial Office, Class 5: 

Vol. 1316, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 13] 

Volume lettered: O 1-178. Years 1708-1715. [Let- 
ters and enclosures to the Lords Commissioners for 
Trade and Plantations from Governor Alexander 
Spotswood and others ; including Orders in Council , 
Minutes of Council, Indian treaties, reports on quit 
rents and the tobacco trade, etc.] 

Vol. 1317, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 14] 

Volume lettered: P 1-103. Years 1715-1717. [Con- 
tents similar to Vol. 1316] 

Vol. 1319, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 16] 

Volume lettered: Virginia, Bundle Q. No. i-No. 94. 
Years 1720-1726. [Letters and enclosures to the 
Lords Commissioners from Governors Alexander 
Spotswood and Hugh Drysdale, and others: includ- 
ing lists of land grants, accounts of quit rents, 
papers relating to the controversy between Drysdale 
and Spotswood over land grants, etc.] 

Vol. 1320 [old Board of Trade, Virginia. 17] 

Volume lettered: R 1-60. Years 1726-1727. [Let- 
ters and enclosures to the Lords Commissioners 
from Governor Drysdale and others; including 
accounts of stores, quit rents and revenue from 
tobacco tax, list of civil officers in Virginia, 1726, 
lists of ships importing slaves, papers relating to 
Col. Spotswood 's lands in Virginia and his con- 
troversy with Governor Drysdale, etc.] 

Vol. 1321, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 18] 

Volume lettered: Virginia, Bundle R, Nos. 61-118 
inclusive. Years 1727-1729. [Letters and en- 
closures to the Lords Commissioners from Governor 
William Gooch and others; including the journal 
of the proceedings of the Surveyors for determining 
the bounds between Virginia and Carolina, ac- 
counts of quit rents, etc.] 

Vol. 1322 [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 19] 

Volume lettered: Virginia, Bundle R, Nos. 119-178. 
Years 1729-1732. [Letters and enclosures to the 
Lords Commissioners from Governor William Gooch 
and others; including the journal of the Commis- 
sioners for settling the bounds between Virginia 
and Carolina, list of civil officers in Virginia, 1729, 
including President and professors of the College of 
William and Mar)-, and an account of disbursements 
for the journey of Governor Spotswood and Commis- 
sioners to New York for the Albany Treaty of 1722] 

198 Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Colonial Office, Class 5 Continued. 

Vol. 1323, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 20] 

Volume lettered: Bundle S, 1-56. Years 1732-1735, 
and one document dated 1724. [Letters and enclo- 
sures to the Lords Commissioners from Governor 
William Gooch and others; including Orders in 
Council, Proclamations by Governor Gooch, 
accounts of revenue from tobacco tax and quit rents, 
Acts of Assembly and reports of Francis Fane 

Vol. 1324, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 21] 

Volume lettered: T, Nos. 1-61. Years 1736-1740. 
[Contents similar to those of Volume 1323, but in- 
cludes also Lord Fairfax's commissions to Com- 
missioners for determining boundaries of his land, 
and various grants, deeds, depositions, etc., con- 
nected with the case.] 

Vol. 1325, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 22] 

Volume lettered: Virginia, Bundle V, Nos. 1-35. 
Years 1740-1743. [Contents similar to those of 
Volume 1323, but includes also documents relating 
to Indian affairs, and letters and petitions from 
Robert Dinwiddie, Surveyor General of Customs in 
the Southern District.] 

Vol. 1326, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 23] 

Years 1743-1747. [Contents similar to those of 
Volume 1323, but includes also the account of the 
Commissioners for running the boundary of Lord 
Fairfax 's grant . 1747.] 

Vol. 1327, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 24] 

Volume lettered : W, 1-121. Years 1748-1753. [Let- 
ters and enclosures to the Lords Commissioners from 
Governors William Gooch, Thomas Lee, Lewis 
Burwell, and Robert Dinwiddie, including Orders 
in Council, Acts of Assembly and Sir Mathew 
Lamb's reports on them, accounts of revenue from 
tobacco tax and quit rents, and documents relating 
to Indian affairs and the boundaries of Virginia.] 

Vol. 1328, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 25] 

Volume lettered: Virginia, Bundle W, Nos. 122-224. 
Years 1753-1756, and one paper of December, 1751. 
[Letters and enclosures to the Lords Commissioners 
from Governor Dinwiddie, including Orders in 
Council, Acts of Assembly and Sir Mathew Lamb's 
reports, accounts of revenue from tobacco tax and 
quit rents, petition of the Ohio Company, and 
documents relating to Indian affairs.] 

Manuscripts List of Transcripts 199 

Colonial Office. Class 5 Continued. 

Vol. 1329, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 26] 

Volume lettered: Virginia, Bundle X, 1-107. Years 
1756-1760. [Letters and enclosures to the Lords 
Commissioners from Governors Robert Dinwiddie 
and Francis Fauquier, including Acts of Assembly 
and Sir Mathew Lamb's reports, accounts of rev- 
enue from tobacco tax and quit rents, and docu- 
ments relating to Indian affairs.] 

Vol. 1341. Bundles of loose papers. Items from old A. W. I. 
640, 641, 642. Years 1706-1714. [Miscellaneous 
papers and letters.] 
Vol. 1342, Loose papers. Items from old A. W. I. 643. 

Years 1715-1717. [Miscellaneous.] 
Vol. 1343, Loose papers. Items from old A. W. I. 647. 

Years 1723-1725. [Only n pages copied; lettersand 

proclamations of Governor Hugh Drysdale.] 
Vol. 1344, [old A. W. I. 646-666, 667 and 682] 

Years 1726-1780. [Miscellaneous.] 
Vol. 1353. [old A. W. I. 213] Years 1774-1777. 

[Letters from Lord Dunmore to the Secretary of State, 

with enclosures.] 
Vol. 1366, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 44] 

Volume lettered: H. Years 1728-1752. 
[Entry book of the Board of Trade. Chiefly letters 
from the Lords Commissioners, from Alured Popple 
and Thomas Hill to officials in Virginia. Includes 
numerous lists of Acts.] 

Vol. 1367, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 45] 
Years 1752-1760. 

[Entry book of the Board of Trade. Contains letters 
to Lt. Gov. Dinwiddie and Lt. Gov. Fauquier, to 
the King and the Secretary of State, and to the 
Council for Plantation affairs; and a long paper of 
instructions to John, Earl of Loudoun, Governor of 
Virginia, 1756, or in his absence to the Lieutenant 
Governor or Commander in Chief in Virginia.] 
Vol. 1368, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 46] 
Years 1760-1768. 
[Entry book of the Board of Trade. Letters and 

instructions to Governors.] 
Vol. 1369, [old Board of Trade, Virginia, 47] 
Years 1770-1774. 

[Entry book of the Board of Trade. Letters and In- 
structions to Governors.] 

16341 17 14 

2OO Report of the Librarian of Congress 

Colonial Office, Class 5 Continued. 

Vol. 1374, [old A. W. I. 324] Year 1767. Entry book. 

[Only one paper is here copied, the rest having 
already been transcribed from the originals in other 
volumes. The paper copied is a letter from Lord 
Shelburne to the Lieut. Gov. of Virginia, transmit- 
ting Orders in Council.] 
Vol. 1375, [old A. W.I. 443] 

Volume lettered: A, Virginia. Years 1768-1776. 
[Entry book of the Board of Trade. Only those items 
are here copied which have not been transcribed 
from the original papers.] 

Archives of the Bishop of London. 

[Chiefly letters to the Bishop of London, from clergymen and 
leading members of the Church of England in the colonies, 
together with memorials, petitions, and miscellaneous 
papers, treating of the affairs of the Society for the Propa- 
gation of the Gospel and the Church in America. The docu- 
ments in each box are numbered, but not in chronological 

Canada and Newfoundland. 1699-1827. [Only Newfoundland, 
Nova Scotia, etc., transcribed, excepting one or two early Cana- 
dian papers. There is a list of the papers in the front of the 
Bahama Islands. 1721-1802. [List of documents in front of 


Barbadoes. 1686-1829. [List of documents in front of volume.] 
Bermuda. 1695-1806. [List of documents in front of volume.] 
Jamaica. 1709-1806. [List of documents in front of volume.] 
Series B. Vol. I. 

Volume lettered: Letters received (Originals). New York. 
New England. 1702-1799. (1788 is, however, the latest 
Series B. Vol. II. New York, 1759-1782. 

[List of writers of letters in front of volume.] 




Washington, D. C., December j, 1917 

SIR: The operations of this office during the fiscal year 
1917, covering the usual routine, comprised the custody, 
care, and maintenance of the Library Building and Grounds 
(including the operation and repair of the mechanical 
plant), the construction, purchase, and repair of library 
equipment, and the disbursement of the appropriations for 
this office, for the Library of Congress, for the United States 
Botanic Garden, and others coming under the control of 
the Joint Committee on the Library. 

The operations are shown in the following tables: 


Watch and housekeeping department : 

Ice (470.40x3 pounds) $i, 275. 29 

Painting in and about the building (labor). . i, 196. 51 

Painting (materials) 201.17 

Repairs (floors, windows, etc. ) 470. 98 

Washing towels 173-86 

Dry goods (cleaning cloths, etc) 142. 83 

Soap powders 187. 51 

Soaps 400. 62 

Paper towels 877. 50 

Housekeeping (brooms, buckets, brushes, 

etc. ) 458. 04 

Toilet supplies 240. 34 

Miscellaneous supplies 243. 27 

Exterminating rats 212. 50 

Watchmen 's time recorder 544. 39 

Gas range 326. 50 

Revolvers and cartridges 98. 74 

Flags 45.00 

$7, 095. 05 

20 1 

2O2 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

Engineer department : 

Mail and delivery service upkeep and repair 

of motor vehicles $632. 25 

Hardware and tools 169. 93 

Repairs 2 14. 65 

Plumbing supplies 265. 68 

Removing refuse 176. 40 

Oils 42. 66 

Gas 25. 90 

Miscellaneous supplies 121. 92 

Pneumatic tube equipment : . . 973. 30 

Air compressor 145. oo 

Irrigating system for courtyards. 239. 22 

Gasoline pump 160. 49 

Elevator cable 346. 99 

Granolithic floor for automobile shed 303. 75 

- $3,818. 14 

Electrical department: 

Lamps S I 5-7 

Miscellaneous supplies (condulets, holders, 

shades, fixtures, wire, conduit, tape, etc.). 332. 18 

Tools 2. 25 

Repairs to electrical equipment 151. 97 

Intercommunicating telephones 320. 31 

Electric motor 325. oo 


General telephone service of Library (i cen- 
tral station, 86 substations, and 7 trunk 

lines) i, 150. 42 

Stationery 167. 41 

Car tickets 10. oo 

Express and freight charges 2. 49 

Telegrams 2. 57 

Directory 7. 50 

Photograph 3. oo 

Drawing 30. oo 

Postage stamps 1 5. oo 


Total expended 13, 948. 36 

Balance (including $8.68 refunded 
by contractors) 60. 32 

14, 008. 68 


Expended $4, ooo. oo 

Unexpended balance 

Appropriation % , . . 4, ooo. oo 

Superintendent of Building and Grounds 203 


Expended $i, 999. 50 

Unexpended balance .50 

Appropriation 2, ooo. oo 



Expended $2, 620. 28 

Unexpended balance i, 379. 72 

Appropriation : 4, ooo. oo 


Expended $i, 024. 77 

Unexpended balance i, 475. 23 

Appropriation 2, 500. oo 


Typewriting machines: 

Special adding and subtracting machine (for 

Card Division) $584. 50 

New machines (12) 620. 40 

Repairs and parts 198. 85 

! 403- 75 

Desk fans 135. 10 

Repairing and fitting miscellaneous furniture (including 

labor and materials ) 487. 86 

Book trucks 22. 50 

Miscellaneous furniture (including tables, desks, stands, 

cases, hardware, etc.) i, 280. 30 

Card catalogue cases i, 641. 29 

Carpets and runners i, 043. 68 

Express, freight, and drayage 10. 55 

Partitions and screens 355. 32 

Castors and fiber-tired wheels for book trucks 404. 98 

Electric print drier 360. oo 

Bronze gates for gallery 553. oo 

Book supports 59 v oo 

Exhibition cases i, 140. oo 

Mimeograph for Bibliographic Division 181. oo 

Awnings 22. oo 

Water coolers 257. 04 

Drawings 90. oo 

Total expended 9, 983. 37 

Unexpended 16. 63 

Appropriation 10, ooo. oo 

2O4 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 


The following table presents the several appropriations 
disbursed during the fiscal year and the corresponding 
appropriations for the preceding and succeeding years: 

Object of appropriation 

tions, 1916 

tions, 1917 

tures, 1917 

ations, 1918 

Library and Copyright Office: 

Special and temporary service 

2,000. oo 

2,000. oo 

2 , OOO. OO 

2,000. 00 

Increase of Library 

Purchase of law books. . 
Purchase of periodicals. . 

3 , ooo. oo 
5,000. oo 

3 , ooo. oo 
5 , ooo. oo 

e 3 , ooo. oo 
e 5 . ooo. oo 

3 , ooo. oo 
5 , ooo. oo 

Total, Library and 
Copyright Office. . . 

550, 667. 90 

562 , 404. oo 



Library Building and Grounds: 
Care and maintenance 
Fuel, lights, etc 

79, 645. oo 

83, 245. oo 
026, 508. 68 

82,601. 59 

86. 005. oo 

Fuel, lights, etc. (1917-18) 

Total, Building and Grounds 

110,645. oo 


116, 177. 87 

129,005. oo 

Grand total 

682. 157. 68 

Botanic Garden: 

Improving garden 

Total, Botanic Garden 

31,300. oo 

40, 703. oo 

40, 453. 42 

48, 140. oo 

Repairs of paintings in theCapitol. 
Marking historical places in the 
District of Columbia 


i , 500. oo 

1 , 500. oo 

1 , 500. oo 

Removing Botanic Garden fence. 

Bequest of Gertrude M. Hubbard 

i 827. 65 

Portrait of the late Chief Justice 

"Including increase of $1,200.11 by sale of cards. 

6 Including credits of $699.79 by sale of cards and $339.47 yet to be credited. 
c Including increase of $1.30 by sale of photostat duplications; $5.85 for return of 
photostat spools; $0.64 account of refund by defaulting contractor. 
<* Including increase of $4.74 account of sale of photostat duplications. 

* Including unfilled orders. 

/ Any unexpended balance to be available for succeeding year. 

S Including $4,000 for water-proofing east driveway; $2,000 for repairs to roof; $4,000 
ior resurfacing west driveway; and $2,500 for refitting of boiler room and coal vaults. 
Also, $8.68 account of refund by defaulting contractors. 

A Including $1,075 f r nre hose; $2,300 for repair of elevators; $500 for painting roof; 
and $2,000 for pointing exterior stone work. 

Appropriation of previous year continued. 

;' Including balance available from preceding year and additional appropriation of 

* Consists of $1,400 additional for water-proofing east driveway; $8,500 for repairing 
tunnel; $5,000 for circulating drinking water system. 

Superintendent of Building and Grounds 205 


Old mechanical equipment no longer needed at the 
Library, comprising eight steam boilers with accessories 
and connections, two steam pumps, four direct-connected 
steam engines and generators, five boosters and five motor 
starters, was advertised and sold to the highest bidder on 
September 29, 1916. 

Proceeds from the sale are accounted for as follows: 

Price received as per contract $3, 458. oo 

Advertising 30. 49 

Deposited in the Treasury to the credit of 

the United States $3, 427. 51 

Withheld under income-tax law, on account of salaries paid 
during the calendar year 1916, and remitted to collector 
of internal revenue 25. oo 


All known claims chargeable to the appropriations for 
the fiscal year 1915 have been settled, including those 
directly paid on auditor's certificates, and the unexpended 
balances have been deposited to the credit of the surplus 
fund of the Treasury as follows: 

Library : 

Salaries $i, 781. 83 

Special and temporary service 80. 70 

Contingent expenses 36-54 

Increase of Library (purchase of law books). . i. 81 

Si, 900. 88 

Building and grounds: 

Care and maintenance (salaries) 3, 971. 26 

Fuel, lights, etc 43-49 

Furniture 8. 71 

4, 023. 46 

Botanic Garden : 

Salaries .50 

Improving Garden i. 75 

Improving buildings 9. 71 

ii. 96 

Total 5, 936. 30 

206 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 


The count of visitors to and users of the Library during 
the year was as follows: 


9 a .m. 
to 6 p. m. 

6 p. m. 
to 10 p. m. 






July . . 

76 718 

August . 

28 216 

5 OJ 




78, 24-? 

26 247 


3 1 


4O 486 

24 087 


November . . 

7O 447 


3 1 


38 68 1 

i 877 


January . . 

4.0 827 

l8 2O2 

7 772 

T 427 

L i "66 
I 968 



4O, 77Q 

18, 276 


I 77O 

2 OO4 



74, 467 

48, 248 

71 4IQ 


7 O?8 


S7, 844 

74. 080 

e 687 

I 986 



7Q. C2 CC 

26 III 

7 712 

2 117 

Tune . . . 

54, 006 

63, 883 

24, OOs 


7. Q7O 


Total .... 

S77, 174 

744, 378 


Total number of visitors during year, 881,552. 
Average, 362 days, 2,435. 


The organization of the Office of Superintendent of the 
Library Building and Grounds for the fiscal year 1917 was 
as follows : 

Chief clerk 

1 property clerk 

3 clerks 

2 telephone operators 
i messenger 

i assistant messenger 
Chief engineer 

1 electrician 

4 assistant engineers 

2 machinists 

2 wiremen 
i plumber 

3 elevator conductors 
9 skilled laborers 

Superintendent of Building and Grounds 207 

Superintendent Continued . 
Captain of the watch 

1 lieutenant 

1 8 watchmen 
4 check boys 

2 attendants, ladies' room 
i mistress of charwomen 

i assistant mistress of charwomen 

58 charwomen 

i foreman of laborers 

1 skilled laborer 
14 laborers 

2 carpenters 
i painter 

Total number of employees, 138. 

The changes in the personnel of employees during the 
fiscal year were as follows : 




Chief engineer 



Property clerk 













Skilled laborers 







Check bovs 













The marked increase in the work of the telephone service 
calls for gradual addition to the equipment and involves 
increase in the expense. The pressure on the operators has 
been somewhat relieved by extending some of the inter- 
communicating systems (not connected with the switch- 
board), and the efficiency of the service has been increased 
by the installation, in April, 1917, of a modern switchboard 
in place of the out of date equipment. 

208 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

The telephone connections with the switchboard on June 
30 of each of the last five years are shown in the following 


tie lines 

tie lines 


1013. .. 



1014. . 








IQl6. . . 




IQI7. . . 



In 1913 there were six separate intercommunicating sys- 
tems, with a total of 30 branches. At this date there are 
nine such systems, with a total of 51 branches. The inter- 
communicating telephones were purchased outright and are 
kept in repair by the electrician. 

Upon request, the telephone company considerably in- 
creased the number of public telephone pay stations, locating 
them at convenient places for employees and the public. 


Under the appropriation of $4,000 for resurfacing the 
west driveway, including repairs to the curbing, competi- 
tive proposals on plans and specifications prepared by this 
office resulted in the award of contract to The Cranford 
Paving Co. of this city. The work was promptly com- 
pleted as soon as the contractor was notified to proceed. 
The cost of the work was $2,620.28, which includes a main- 
tenance agreement for five years from November 27, 1916. 


The entire driveway on the east side of the building over 
large cellar spaces and over some of the machinery has been 
thoroughly waterproofed. The large space underneath, 
which formerly leaked badly and was quite unsanitary, is 
now dry and available for appropriate use. 

Superintendent of Building and Grounds 209 

The cost of this work was $5,397.62, covered by appro- 
priations for the fiscal years 1917 and 1918. The unit cost 
was about 36 cents per square foot. The work included the 
removal of the asphalt-block pavement, repairs and regrad- 
ing of the concrete base, laying a waterproof sheet of asphal- 
tic mastic 1 1 / 4 inches thick in two layers, a sand-and-cement - 
grading bed, and relaying the asphalt-block pavement. 

Plans and specifications were prepared by this office, com- 
petitive proposals obtained, and the work was awarded to 
The Cranford Paving Co. of this city. 


In the last annual report the serious condition of the Capi- 
tol book-carrier tunnel was noted. The legislative act 
approved March 3, 1917, provided an appropriation of $8,500, 
immediately available, for the necessary repairs. Plans and 
specifications had already been prepared for the work, so that 
competitive proposals were at once obtained, a contract 
signed March 16, and the work rushed to completion by 
April 15. The mechanical force reinstalled the book-carrier 
apparatus and put the carrier in operation a few days there- 

A brief description of the work follows : 

The old brick tunnel, 4 feet wide and 6 feet high inside, 
which was badly cracked and had settled 2 feet over the 
railway tunnel, was entirely removed for a distance of about 
1 20 feet and replaced by a reinforced concrete tunnel section. 
This section was supported by two large concrete piers or 
columns, which were carried down to bear on the top of the 
railway tunnel construction, the object being to prevent fu- 
ture settlement of the book-carrier tunnel even should the 
material over the railway tunnel continue to sink. In ex- 
cavating the shafts for these piers the rotten timbers left in 
place by the railway tunnel constructors were cut out, so 
that the piers bear on the solid construction of the railway 
tunnel. The piers being about 40 feet apart, while the sec- 

2io Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

tion supported is 1 20 feet long, the ends, each about 40 feet 
long, projecting beyond the piers, were reinforced as cantile- 
vers to support the tunnel to the firm, undisturbed ground 
at the ends. 

The cost of the work, including repairs to the carrier, 
was $6,305.65. 


The need of a modern system for distribution of drinking 
water in the building, expressed in the last annual report, 
was promptly recognized by Congress, and an appropri- 
ation, immediately available, of $5,000 in the legislative 
act approved March 3, 1917, permitted the practical com- 
pletion of such a plant in the early summer. 

The plant comprises a motor-driven refrigerating machine 
(ammonia compressor) of 8 tons refrigerating capacity, 
the auxiliary ammonia condensers, 700 feet of i^ inch ex- 
pansion coils for cooling the water in a i,2OO-gallon galvan- 
ized-steel cooling tank, and a motor-driven water-circulating 
pump. The distribution system comprises upward of 
6,000 linear feet of various sized galvanized-steel supply 
and circulating return lines, covered with thick cork insu- 
lation, various types of fixtures, and the drainage lines 

In the public corridors, main and periodical reading rooms, 
and similar locations, vitreous ware pedestal drinking 
fountains with specially designed combination bubblers 
and tumbler fills were installed. For offices, shops, lava- 
tories, etc., ordinary cold-water faucets, and in some cases 
combination bubblers and tumbler fills are used. 

The plant is capable of delivering 3,750 gallons of drink- 
ing water at a temperature of 45 F. in a library day of 
13 hours (9 a. m. to 10 p. m.). 

The purchase of ice has now ceased, and the service of 
two laborers (formerly required for distributing ice and 
water to water coolers), has been saved. The plant is 

Superintendent of Building and Grounds 211 

practically automatic, and no increase in the mechanical 
force is required. 

The average annual cost of ice in the last few years has 
been $1,415. 

The machinery, equipment, and material for the plant 
were purchased so far as possible on competitive proposals 
on specifications prepared in this office. Practically the 
entire work of installation was done by the mechanical and 
laboring forces of the building under the direction of the 
present chief engineer, Mr. Charles E. Ray, who is an expert 
refrigerating engineer. 

I feel that it is proper to record herein the intelligent 
interest and cheerful cooperation of the employees in doing 
this work, entirely new to them, and in addition to their 
routine duties. It was only possible by the voluntary 
"speeding up" of all hands. 

Statement of expenditures for drinking water system to 
September 15, 1917: 

Refrigerating machinery, tank, coils, etc., (contract) $i, 438. oo 

Cork covering i, 106. 51 

Fountains (20) (Two fountains yet to be purchased from 

balance below ) 550. 58 

Bubbler heads (21) 100. 25 

Miscellaneous material 138. 24 

Circulating pump 130. oo 

Pipe fittings 97. 22 

Valves 61. 26 

Ammonia 68. 15 

Cocks and faucets 59-88 

Leather belting 51. 61 

Electrical material 45- 01 

Pipe hangers 39. n 

Hair felt pipe covering 28. 05 

Thermometers 24. 50 

Regulator (water pressure) 15. 75 

Tanks at top of supply lines 14. 20 

Express 2. 04 

Pipe, 6,208 feet (miscellaneous sizes: W to 2" diameter). . 384. 89 

Expended 4} 454 . 25 

Balance 545- 75 


5, ooo. oo 

212 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 


It having been difficult to keep the grass in the courts in 
proper condition, owing to the thin topping of good soil on 
the hard gravel subsoil, the surface of the two west courts 
was regraded, good soil added, and the courts reseeded 
with good result. Taking advantage of the regrading, dis- 
tribution pipes with sprinkler heads were installed by the 
mechanical force at an expense for material of $239.22. 
This little irrigation system has been found to be quite a 

labor saver. 


The fountain on the west front of the building, popularly 
known as "Neptune's Fountain," leaked badly for a long 
time, probably on account of settlements due to the prox- 
imity of the railway tunnel, and some of the leakage pene- 
trated the Capitol book carrier tunnel which passes directly 
under the fountain. The basin of the fountain was water- 
proofed in an inexpensive manner and most of the leakage 

In order to improve the appearance of the fountain two 
home made jets to spray the central figure were added and 
a few water plants and fish placed in the basin. 


The condition of the copper roof covering gives concern, 
as there is still a large area of perforated and constantly 
deteriorating copper, but the recent appropriations of small 
amounts annually have permitted such repairs that a marked 
improvement as to leaking is now noted. The appropri- 
ation of $2,000 for the fiscal year was expended in purchase 
of sheet copper and replacing the worst sections. 


Upon the sale and removal of the old steam engines in 
November, 1916, it was possible to rearrange the northeast 

Superintendent of Building and Grounds 213 

section of the cellar to advantage and extend the space 
needed for library use. 

The former engine room was subdivided to provide a 
joint office for the chief engineer and the electrician, a 
small shop for electrical repair work, a store room for 
electrical and mechanical fittings, fans, lamps, etc., and a 
locker and wash room for the mechanical force. This per- 
mitted the assignment of considerable space in the north- 
east section to the branch printing office and bindery, 
formerly occupied by the mechanical force. 


As usual a wide range of minor but important mechanical 
repairs added to the larger items heretofore mentioned, 
kept the force fully occupied. Some of these were: The 
overhauling of the pneumatic-tube system of the main 
reading room and book stacks, including the installation 
of new, noiseless terminal valves at a cost of 5973.30 for 
material; overhauling elevators and putting in new cables 
where required; installing a modern gasoline storage tank 
and pump to obviate storage of gasoline in the cellar as 
heretofore customary; installing a new watchmen's time 
recorder in place of the former worn out equipment; a new 
gas range for the cafe, the old one after many years' serv- 
ice having become unusable. 

A program of interior painting was carried out as usual, 
but it is impossible with the single painter to keep up as well 
as would be desirable in this respect. 


The growth of the Library collections is such that before 
additional accommodations can be provided the need there- 
for will have become acute. Consideration must therefore 
be given at once to this problem. 

When the stack in the southeast court was authorized in 
1908, the collections were overflowing into the cellar, which 

214 Superintendent of Building and Grounds 

is entirely unsuited for such storage. A similar condition of 
congestion in the 'book spaces of the building is again in 
evidence and must be met. 

As then, the only available space for erection of adequate 
shelving within the lines of the building is in one of the 
courts. Granting some minor objections to such use of a 
court, the great advantages of convenience and economy of 
construction (no new walls being required), and also perma- 
nent administrative and maintenance economy appear to 
make this the logical solution. 

The full consideration given to the question of occupying 
a court in this manner, the description and illustration of 
the stack proposed in the former instance, and the actions 
of the Congressional Committees and of Congress, may be 
found in the annual reports of the Superintendent of. the 
Library Building and Grounds for the years 1906 to 1910, 
inclusive. The conditions affecting the use of the north- 
east court for this purpose are about the same as those in 
the case of the southeast court. 

A stack fully occupying the northeast court would accom- 
modate about 1,500,000 books, and would cost about 
$400,000 at the present period of high prices. 


To provide for the inevitable growth of the Card Division 
is again a pressing and serious matter. 

In the fall of 1915 the card stack was extended by 6,240 
card trays at a cost of $4,750, a rate of about 76 cents per 
tray. Since that time to date 3,360 trays have been added 
at a cost of $2,961.50, a rate of about 88 cents per tray. The 
lowest price obtainable in September, 1917, on large quanti- 
ties was at the rate of $1.93 per tray. 

The above indicates a probable necessary extension of 
this stack by about 5,000 trays each year. At the normal 
price paid in 1915 this would require an appropriation of 

Superintendent of Building and Grounds 215 

about $4,000 annually, but at the present market, nearly 

As such an extension is now pressing it is reluctantly rec- 
ommended, notwithstanding the high cost. 


The mail sen-ice and the distribution and collection of 
books require the use of three automobiles and two motor- 
cycles. One electric car has been in service since August, 
1910, one electric car since September, 1913, and one Ford 
gasoline car since June, 1912. The increasing repair bills 
on these cars indicate that at least one of them should be 
replaced within the next year. 

The wooden shed for housing these machines is so small 
that no room is left for the motorcycles, nor is there room 
to make repairs to the machines. 

A larger shed with working space for repairs would greatly 
improve the service. 
Respectfully submitted 


Superintendent Library Building and Grounds 
The Honorable 

The Honorable 

1(3341 17 15 



Accessions, 1916-17 19-20 

Documents, statistics 43 

Law library, statistics 48 

Manuscripts, list of 190-196 

Maps and charts, statistics 5*-5 2 

Music, statistics 56~57 

Noteworthy 21-27 

Periodicals, statistics 68-69 

Printed books and pamphlets, statistics 10-20 

Prints, statistics 75 

Adams, Samuel Hopkins, gift 187 

Allen, M. Catherine, gift 187 

American newspapers, noteworthy accessions 7~7 2 

Americana, noteworthy accessions 24-25 

Anderson papers 39~4 

Appropriation acts, 1917-18 149-154 

Appropriations, 1916-1918 1 1-16 

Appropriations and expenditures, 1916-17 (tables) 145-147 

Appropriations and expenditures, 1916-1918 (tables) 204 

Arnold, Julean 53 

Art and architecture, noteworthy accessions 75~?6 

Beer, William, gift 187 

Bequests to the Library of Congress, form 4 

Bibliography, Division of, report of 115 

Publications 113, 115 

Binding 100 

Bixby, W. K., gift 187 

Blake, Dr. Franklin R., gift 187 

Blind, Reading room for the 116-118 

Books, purchases 2 3~ 2 7 

Botanic Garden, appropriations and expenditures 204 

Broadsides, accessions 194-196 

Brown, Thompson, company, gift 23 

Building and grounds, report of the Superintendent 201-215 

Bumpus, J. & E., gift 77 

Calvert, George H., gift 187 

Card Division, report of 108-111 

Cards, sale of 108-109 

Cards, stock of 109-1 1 1 

Depositories 109-111 

Stack, expenditures 214-215 

Subscribers 108 


2i 8 Index 


Carter, George Cuthbert, gift 187 

Carter papers 34~3 5 

Catalogue Division, report of 100-105 

Chinese collections, cataloguing of 103-105 

Publications 102-103, IX 3 

Cataloguing, statistics ' 100 

Chinese geographical works, requests for 97~99 

Chinese literature, purchases 83-92 

Classifying and cataloguing 103-105 

Classification Division, report of . 105-106 

Printed schedules 107 

Publications 108, 1 13 

Statistics 106 

Cohen, Miss Eleanor S., deposit 187 

Contents of the library, statistics 19-20 

Contingent expenses (table) 147 

Copyright legislation, 1916-17 161-164 

Copyright legislation and international copyright relations. . . 161-175 

Copyright Office, report of 1 55-185 

Articles deposited, 1916-17 16 

Articles deposited, 1914-1917 (tables) 181 

Bulletins and circulars 159 

Business (monthly comparison), 1916-17 (tables) 179 

Catalogue of copyright dramas, 1870-1916 159 

Catalogue of copyright entries 158 

Circulars 159 

Copyright bills and reports 161-164 

Correspondence, statistics. 16 

Current business 17-18, 161 

Deposits : 1 56 

Return of 158 

Value of 156 

Elimination of copyright deposits 18, 1 57 

Entries. See Registrations. 

Expenditures 17, 156 

Fees, etc 16-17, 1 5 6 > l6 

Fees, 1916-17 (tables) 177-178 

Index cards 158 

International copyright relations 164-175 

Publications 158-159 

Receipts i? J S5 

Receipts, 1916-17 (tables) 176, 179 

Registrations 16, 156 

Registrations, 1911-1917 (tables) 180 

Requests for copies 158 

Salaries 16, 156 

Statistics, 1916-17 16, 160, 176-181 

Statistics, 1897-1917 (tables) , 179 

Summary of business 160 

Index 219 

Copyright Office Continued Page 

Transfer of copyright deposits 18, 28-29, X 57 

Unfinished business 18, 155 

Crawford papers 39 

Crewe, Marquess of, gift 22 

Cummings sale 58-61 

Cusachs, G., gift 187 

Davis, Mrs. John Chandler Bancroft, gift 41-42 

Davis, John Chandler Bancroft, papers 41-42 

Deinard, collection 80-81 

Dickens, Mrs. James 65 

Dissertations 103 

Documents, Division of, report of 43~47 

Accessions, statistics 43 

Documents, foreign 44~47 

Want lists 43~44 

International exchange 47 

Publications 113 

State documents, monthly list 47, 113 

Statistics 47 

Donaldson, Miss Harriet F., gift 187 

Donelson papers 37-38 

Dyas, Robert 37 

East Asiatic collection, purchases 83 

Endell, Fritz, gift 77 

Exchanges 77, 82 


Music 65 

Prints 77-8o 

Expenditures, appropriations and, 1916-17 (tables) 145-147 

Expenditures, appropriations and, 1916-17 (tables) 204 

Expenditures, fuel, lights, etc 201-203 

Federal Statutes, index 140-141 

Finance 10-16 

Fine arts, noteworthy accessions 75~?6 

Fischer, George , gift 57 

Fischer, J., & Bro., gift 58 

Form of gift or bequest to the Library of Congress 4 

Fuel, lights, etc. , expenditures 201203 

Fung, Dr. Hing Kwai 103 

Funk and Wagnalls company, gift 23 

Furniture, screens, etc 203 

Gait, Hugh Blair Grigsby, deposit 33, 188 

Gait, W. W., deposit 188 

Gibbes papers 38-39 

Gift or bequest to the Library of Congress, form 4 

Gifts 2 1-23 

Laws 48-49 

Manuscripts 29-42 

Manuscripts, 1916-17, list of 187-190 

220 Index 

Gifts Continued p age 

Music 57-58 

Prints 77 

Oilman, Miss Ada, gift 188 

Grant, Miss Annie Sheldon, gift 188 

Grigsby papers 32-33 

Guides to foreign law. . . , 49 

Hagerty, Mr. M. J 103 

Hamilton, Dr. Allan McLane, gift 188 

. Hebrew literature 81-83 

Hill, Oliver C., gift 188 

Holt, Miss Winifred 1 18 

Holterhoff, Miss Leila 118 

Hunt, Gaillard 10 

Increase of salaries 14-16 

Increase of the Library I 9~ 2 9 

Incunabula, noteworthy accessions 23-24 

Index analysis of Federal statutes 140-141 

International copyright relations 164-175 

Jackson, Miss Cordelia, gift 188 

Japanese literature, purchases 92-94 

Jones, Miss E. M., gift 77 

Journals of Continental Congress 31 

Kiang, Prof. S. C 10, 83-84, 86, 97, 104 

Koch, Theodore Wesley 21 

Korean literature 94 

Lane, John, company, New York, gift 23 

Laufer, Dr. Berthold 10, 95-96 

Gift 77 

Law library, report of 48-51 

Accessions, statistics 48 

Foreign law 50 

Gifts 48-49 

Guide to foreign law. 49 

Noteworthy accessions, list of 48-49 

Recataloguing of collections 50 

Supreme Court records and briefs 49 

Lawton, Mrs. James M., gift 35, 39-40, 188 

Legislative Reference Service, report of 1 18-142 

Comparative statistical tables. . . 119-120 

Economic, statistical, and historical inquiries 120-127 

Legal inquiries 127-142 

Indexing 140-142 

Librarians, 1802-1917 5 

Libraries using L. C. classification ; . 108 

Library staff, list 5-6 

List of subject headings 102 

Longmans, Green, co. , gift 23 

Lorenz publishing co., gift 57 

Index 221 


Lowdennilk, W. H.,co.,gift 188 

McBride papers 39 

McClellan, Hon. George B., gift 188 

Mclntosh, Charles F., gift 40, 188 

McMurtrie, Douglas C., gift 188 

Madison papers 32 

Manuscripts, Division of, report of 29-42 

Accessions, general list of, 1916-17 190-196 

Gifts and deposits 33~4 2 

Gifts, 1916-17, list of 187-190 

Transcripts, list of 196-200 

Maps and Charts, Division of, report of 5 I- s6 

Accessions, statistics 5 I- 52 

Atlases, list of 52 

King George collection 56 

Noteworthy accessions 54~56 

Publications 56 

Sanborn insurance maps 52 

Washington, list of maps 56 

World war, list of maps 56 

Maury, W. L., gift 188 

Mayer, Jasper J. , gift 73 

Middlemiss, Sergt. Maj. Robert 118 

Miller, Miss Margaret, gift 188 

Miscellaneous receipts 205 

Mongolian literature 95~9^ 

Morris papers 3 I- 32 

Mo wry, Hon. Duane, gift 188 

Munsey , Frank A. , gift 73 

Music, Division of, report of 56-68 

Accessions, statistics 56-57 

Autograph scores 58, 67 

Cataloguing 64 

Classification 64-65 

Contents, statistics 57 

Exhibits 65 

Gifts 57-58 

Historical publications 68 

Noteworthy accessions. . . . f 58-64 

Printed works or manuscripts 59~^4 

Purchases 58-64 

National Federation of Music clubs, deposit 65 

Newspapers, American, noteworthy accessions 70-75 

Northwestern University library, gift 188 

Noteworthy accessions 21- 27 

Officers, list of 5-6 

Oliver Ditson co. , gift 57 

Oriental Division, report of 83-99 

222 Index 


Palmieri, A 9 

Parsons, Francis H., gift 189 

Pennell, Mr. and Mrs. Joseph, gift 2 1-22 

Periodicals, Division of, report of 68-75 

Accessions, statistics 68-69 

Binding of newspapers 69 

Newspaper statistics 69 

Noteworthy accessions 7~75 

Phillips, P. Lee, gift 189 

Poinsett papers 38 

Polk, Dr. William M., gift 189 

Porter, Miss Sarah H., gift 189 

Prints, Division of, report of 75~ 

Accessions, statistics 75 

Exhibits 77~8o 

Exchange . 77 

Gifts 77 

Loans 79 

Purchases 75~77 

Transfers 77 

Publications Section, report of 112-114 

Publications, list of 112-114 

Publications, statistics 112 

Purchases, noteworthy accessions 23-27 

Reading room for the blind 116-118 

Reber, Lieut. Col. Samuel, gift 189 

Reference service, Legislative 118-142 

Repairs to buildings 207-2 15 

Reynolds, Mrs. B. A., gift 189 

Rice, Prof. Richard A., gift 189 

Ripley & Tapper, gift 57 

Rives, Miss Isabel, gift 189 

Robinson, A. G., gift 189 

Safford, William E., gift 189 

Salaries, increases of 14-16 

Salmaggi, Prof. C. A., gift 57 

Saunders, letter book 40 

Schneider, Erwin, gift 57 

Scribner's, Charles, sons, gift 23 

Semitic and Oriental Division, report of.'. 80-99 

Service 8-10 

Sioussat, Prof. St. George L 37 

Smithsonian Deposit 115-116. 

Sonneck, O. G. T 8-9, 65-68 

Speek, P. A 9 

Stokes, Frederick A., company, gift. 23 

Superintendent of the Library Building and Grounds, Report . 201-215 
Surgeon General's Office library, deposit 189 

Index 223 


Survivors Assoc., jjth Regt. N. Y. Volunteers, gift 189 

Swingle, Dr. Walter T 10, 44, 103 

Tanaka, Dr. T 44, 93 

Theodore Presser company, gift 57 

Thompson, Henry Yates, gift 22-23 

Thomson papers 2 9~~3 

Tibetan literature 96 

Tilghman, Hon. Oswald, gift 189 

Transcripts from foreign archives 36 

Transcripts of English records, list of 196-200 

Transfers 27-29, 77 

Unexpended balances 205 

Visitors to the Library, statistics 206 

War College library, War Department, deposit 189 

War service 10 

Warne, Frederick, company, gift 23 

Washburn, Miss Maud, gift 40-41, 190 

Washburn papers 40-41 

West Florida letter book 35-36 

Whistleriana 2 1-22 

Whitmer, T. Carl, gift 57 

Wickham, H. T., gift 190 

Widener, Joseph E., gift 22 

Woolman and Potts account books 34 

Yiddish literature 81-82 



Z U.S. Library of Congress 
733 Report of the Librarian 

U57A2 of Congress